Back

Radio and television report to the American people on the Soviet arms build-up in Cuba, 22 October 1962

Radio and television report to the American people on the Soviet arms build-up in Cuba, 22 October 1962
October 1962: 20-22
58 digital pages
This folder contains materials collected by the office of President John F. Kennedy's secretary, Evelyn Lincoln, concerning President Kennedy's radio and television address to the nation regarding the Soviet Union's military presence in Cuba. In his speech the President reports the establishment of missile sites presumably intended to launch a nuclear offensive against Western nations. He characterizes the transformation of Cuba into an important strategic base as an explicit threat to American security, and explains seven components to his proposed course of action: quarantine all offensive military equipment under shipment to Cuba, increase degree of surveillance, regard possible attack launched from Cuba as Soviet attack, reinforce Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, call for a meeting of the Organ of Consultation, call for an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council, and demand that Premier Nikita Khrushchev cease his current course of action. In his speech the President famously states, "Our goal is not the victory of might, but the vindication of right- not peace at the expense of freedom, but both peace and freedom, here in this Hemisphere, and, we hope, around the world." Materials in this folder include a memorandum, drafts by Special Counsel and speechwriter Theodore Sorensen, press copies, and a reading copy of the speech. Of note are several items with handwritten notations by the President.
03.
  • Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963
  • President (1961-1963 : Kennedy). Office of the Personal Secretary. , 1961 - 1963
JFKPOF-041-018
This series contains, in chronological order, speeches, remarks, announcements and proclamations which President Kennedy made during the three years of his administration. A major portion of the material is the official press copy of speeches, but there are also numerous reading copies, drafts, memoranda, schedules of visits, and other supplementary information and background material on particular speeches. The speeches and remarks vary a great deal as to subject and reflect the President's schedule of visits to cities and foreign countries, meetings with heads of state, greetings to visiting groups and dignitaries, messages to Congress, remarks at state receptions and banquets, and official proclamations. The Speech Files are rich with the President's notations and comments, since reading copies, drafts, dinner menus, programs and so forth were all used to make notations and changes. An alphabetic index, by name and subject, is included to assist researchers unfamiliar with the chronology. Researchers should consult the Speech Files primarily for the texts of particular speeches. It should be noted, however, that the series is not a complete compilation of the speeches of President Kennedy. Announcements, remarks, and proclamations on numerous other topics not included in the Speech Files may also be found in Series 4. Legislative Files, Series 8. Subjects, and Series 9. Countries. Researchers will find the Theodore Sorensen Personal Papers, also housed at the Kennedy Library, a helpful additional source. Researchers should also consult the Public Papers of the Presidents, John F. Kennedy, 1961-1963 (3 volumes), which are well-indexed.
Some of the archival materials in this collection may be subject to copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Users of these materials are advised to determine the copyright status of any document from which they wish to publish.
Documents in this collection that were prepared by officials of the United States as part of their official duties are in the public domain. Some of the archival materials in this collection may be subject to copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Users of these materials are advised to determine the copyright status of any document from which they wish to publish. The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excesses of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement. This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order if, in its judgment, fulfillment of the order would involve violation of copyright law. The copyright law extends its protection to unpublished works from the moment of creation in a tangible form.