African leaders, 1961-1963

Country Capital Leader(s)/Note
Algeria Algerias Provisional Governor Ferhat Abbas, until 8/27/61
Youseff Ben Khedda, 8/27/61-9/26/62
Independence: 7/3/62
Premier Ahmed Ben Bella, Elected 9/26/62
Morocco Rabat Mohammed V until 2/26/61
King Hussan II, 2/26/61-
Tunisia Tunis President Habib Bourguiba
British East Africa
Kenya Nairobi Tom Mboya (General Secretary of the Kenya National Union)
Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta, 6/63-
Uganda Kampala Prime Minister Benedicto Kiwanuka, Chief Minister 7/61-3/62, Prime Minister 3/62-4/62
Tanganyika Dar es Salaam Julius Nyerere
Zanzibar Zanzibar Town British protectorate
Seychelles Victoria British Ministerial Government
Central African Republic
Congo (Brazzaville) Brazzaville President Fulbert Youlou, 8/60-8/63. 8/63-11/63 vacant
Prime Minister Alphonse Massamba Debat, 8/63-12/63, first PM
Chad Fort Lamy (N'djamena) President Ngarta Tombolbaye
Gabon Libreville Leon M'Ba
Cameroon Yaounde President Ahmadou Ahidjo
Prime Minister Charles Assale
Congo Leopoldville President Joseph Kasavubu
Prime Ministers: Justin Bomboko until 2/61, Joseph Ileo 2/61-8/61, Cyrille Adoula 8/61-
Congo (Secessionist State) Elisabethville President Moise Tshombe until 1/63
Prime Minister Antonie Gizenga
Ivory Coast Abidjan President Felix Houphouet-Boigny
Niger Niamey President Hamani Diori
Upper Volta Ouagadougou Maurice Yameogo
Dahomey Porto Novo
Political Capital: Contonou
Hubert Maga until 10/63
Colonel Christopher Soglo 10/63-
Togo Lome President Sylvanus Olympio (assassinated 5/63)
Nicholas Grunitzky thereafter
Egypt (UAR) Cairo President Gamal Abdel Nasser
Premier Ali Sabry 9/24/62-
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Emperor Haile Selassie
Prime Minister Akilu Habte Wold 3/61-
Somalia Mogadishu President Aden Abdullah Osman
Prime Minister Abdirashid Shermarke
French Somaliland Djibouti
Ghana Accia Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah
Sierra Leone Freetown Sir Milton Margai
Guinea Conakry President Sekou Toure
Liberia Monrovia President William V.S. Tubman
Libya Tripoli and Benghazi King Idris I
Premier Muhammad Bin 'Uthman AL-Said
Malagasy Republic (Madagascar) Tananarive President Philibert Tsiranana
Comoro Islands Diego-Suarez Dzaoudzi French Territory
Mauritius Port Louis Chief Minister Seewoosaguer Ramgoolam
Southwest Africa Windhoek
Reunion Saint Denis
Nigeria Lago Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, Governor General 11/60-9/63
President 9/63-
Portuguese Africa
Angola Luanda Prime Minister Dr. Antonion De Oliveira Salazar
President Americo Deus Rodrig
Government in Exile in Leopoldville: Prime Minister Holden Roberto 4/62-
Mozambique Lourenco Marques Prime Minister Dr. Antonio De Oliveira Salazar
President Americo Deus Rodrig
Portuguese Guinea Bissau Prime Minister Dr. Antonio De Oliveira Salazar
President Americo Deus Rodrig
Cape Verde Islands Mindelo Prime Minister Dr. Antonio De Oliveira Salazar
President Americo Deus Rodrig
Sao Tome & Principe Sao Tome Prime Minister Dr. Antonio De Oliveira Salazar
President Americo Deus Rodrig
Rwanda & Burundi Usumbura Premier Gregorie Kayibanda 1/28/61-
Senegal Dakar President Leopold Senghor
Mali Bamako President Modibo Keita
Mauritania Nouakchott President Mokhtar Ould Daddah
Gambia Bathurst Chielf Minister Pierre N'Jie 3/61-6/62
Prime Minister Dauda Jawara 6/62-
South Africa Cape Town (legisslative)
Pretoria (administrative)
President Charles R. Swart, Governor General 6/60-5/61, President 5/61-
Governor-General (acting) Lucas Steyn 5/61
British High Commission Territories
Basutoland Maseru British Territory
Swaziland Mbabane British Territory
Bechuanaland Johannesburg British protectorate
Central African Republic Bangui President David Dacko

Near East and South Asia leaders, 1961-1963

Country Capital Leader(s)/Notes
Afghanistan Kabul King Mohammaed Zahir Shah
Premier Mohammed Daud Khan
Ceylon Colombo Prime Minister: Madame Sirmavo Bandaranaike
India New Delhi Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
President Rajendra Prasad until 5/62
President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 5/62-
Iran Tehran Shah: Mohammed Reza Pahlavi
Iraq Baghdad General Abdul Karim Kassim
Israel Jerusalem Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
President Yitzhak-Ben Zvi (until August 15, 1961)
Jordan Amman King Hussein
Kuwait Kuwait City Shaikh Sir Abdulla as-Salim as-Sabah
Lebanon Beirut General Faud Chehab
Oman Muscat Sultan Said bin Taimur
Pakistan Rawalpindi President Ayub Khan
Saudi Arabia Riyadh King Saud
Sudan Khartoum General Abboud
Syria Damascus President Nazem el-Kodsi
Yemen Sana Iman Ahmed (until June 25, 1961)
Saifal-Islam and Mohammed al-Badr thereafter