1-7 | 8-14 | 15-21 | 22-31

August 1, 1961

The prospect of opening talks with the Soviet Union on Berlin and Germany was explored at the White House last night by President Kennedy and his advisers. John J. McCloy, Presidential adviser on disarmament policy, held two days of talks with Premier Khrushchev last week. It was learned that he said Mr. Khrushchev had understood the import of the President’s defense message last week and that the Soviet leader did not want war over Berlin. (1:8)

Pravda emphasized the military preparedness aspects of the Communist party’s new draft program as a warning to the West. (1:5)

A tense and occasionally rowdy House of Commons heard Prime Minister Macmillan say Britain would seek negotiations for membership in the Common Market. But he also said Britain would not join unless she obtained satisfactory arrangements to meet the needs of the United Kingdom. (1:1)

Assurances of mutual support were exchanged by Nationalist Chinese Premier Chen Cheng and President Kennedy. There seemed to be a division of opinion on tactics to be followed in the United Nations to prevent the seating of Communist China. (1:2-4)

The Pentagon disclosed plans to restore some forty ships to the active fleet. (1:6-7)

The President’s proposal for health care for the aged under the Social Security program was endorsed by Gov. David Lawrence of Pennsylvania. The Governor said the need had not been met by private insurance companies. (22:7)

German Reds plan new curb on travel. (Page 1)

Denmark and Norway to talk with Inner Six. (Page 1)

Tunisia to seek support from Soviet. (Page 9)

Moscow allots Peiping only eleven words. (Page 21)

Shipping called Soviet tool in "cold war."

August 2, 1961

State Department officials were hopeful yesterday that France and Tunisia would agree on a formula to break the Bizerte stalemate. They confirmed Adlai E. Stevenson’s statement that there was a basis for accord. (1:5)

Soviet affairs experts called the Khrushchev program the most radical revision of Marxist doctrine since Bolshevism’s early days. (3:2)

Nationalist Chinese Premier Chen Cheng disclosed Taiwan’s resolve to veto the admission of Outer Mongolia to the U.N. (1:7-8)

As the Congolese Parliament met under United Nations protection, President Kasavubu nominated Cyrille Adoula, an anti-Communist but Socialist labor leader,  as Premier-designate. (1:6)

An "advisory" notice was sent by the Pentagon to seventy-one Air National Guard and Air Reserve units, alerting them to a possible call to active duty and urging them to step up their training. (4:2)

Defense Secretary McNamara said the Administration’s fall-out shelter plan was only "the first phase" of a greater civil defense effort. (1:6-7)

A Senate committee voted for a 150,000-man Youth Conservation Corps and a new G.I. education bill, both opposed by the President for economy reasons. (7:1)

France says oil is cause of Sahara dispute. (Page 8)

Kenyatta to be freed in about two weeks. (Page 10)

Quadros counts gains of the first six months. (Page 12)

Dahomey seizes Ajuda, Portuguese enclave. (Page 13)

Market nations welcome British application. (Page 14)

Goldberg warns on strikes at missile bases. (Page 11)

City’s needy to get surplus food. (Page 23)

Admiral Anderson takes over top Navy post. (Page 6)

Rowley is named chief of Secret Service. (Page 15)

Biggest optical concerns cited in trust case. (Page 27)

F.A.A. chief backs plan for supersonic craft. (Page 56)

Cuban refugees repaying U.S. for relief. (Page 1)

August 3, 1961

In a talk with Premier Fanfani of Italy, the Soviet leader stood firmly by his demands for a German peace treaty and a change in the status of West Berlin, but he said he was ready to negotiate with the West. (1:8)

Despite intensified efforts by East German authorities to halt the flow of refugees into West Berlin, 1,110 more defected. The Communist police were reported to have taken identity cards from many East Berliners who work in the West. (1:6-7)

President Kennedy and Secretary of State Rusk held lengthy talks with the Tunisian Defense Minister in an effort to end the Bizerte dispute. Administration sources reported that the gap between the French and Tunisian positions was "still wide." (1:8)

Mr. Kennedy also conferred for the second day with Chen Cheng, the Chinese Nationalist Vice President and Premier. A communiqué reaffirmed the United States’ opposition to the admission of Communist China to the United Nations. (1:5)

The Administration was at odds with Congress over Congressional insistence that more B-52 and B-58 bombers should be produced than President Kennedy has requested. Other special defense requests by Mr. Kennedy, however, continued to receive overwhelming support. (1:4)

The Administration was completing plans to remove from the Central Intelligence Agency its foundation of over-all intelligence evaluation. The overhaul would reduce the C.I.A.’s status, but the agency would continue most of its functions in intelligence gathering and analysis. (1:2-3)

The Government reported that unemployment in July had declined by 400,000. (1:1)

A Senate subcommittee on monopoly was told that the Justice Department was considering antitrust action to force the American Telephone and Telegraph Company to get rid of its overseas operations. (1:5)

Western Union Telegraph Company plans to compete directly with new services recently offered by A.T.&T. (49:1)

Reforms by Iran regime stir resistance. (Page 5)

Cyrille Adoula elected Premier of Congo. (Page 6)

Communist China renews call for "struggle." (Page 7)

President stresses U.S. role at Latin-aid talk. (Page 9)

Signs of trouble are growing in Chile. (Page 9)

Peace Corps faces fund cut in Congress. (Page 3)

Congress urged to split sessions in two. (Page 11)

August 4, 1961

Envoys of the United States, Britain, France and West Germany were summoned to the Soviet Foreign Ministry in Moscow yesterday to receive long notes on the Berlin issue. The Soviet notes reportedly disclosed no major change in the Soviet position. (1:8)

The Soviet commandant in Berlin received notes from his three Western counterparts, urging him to put an end to repressive measures against East Berliners who work in the Western sectors. (1:7)

Mr. Rusk plans to discuss the Bizerte crisis with government officials in Paris, possibly with President de Gaulle. After two days of talks between Tunisia’s Defense Minister and high United States officials, it appeared that the French-Tunisian deadlock over Bizerte was thawing. (3:5)

In Tunis, President Bourguiba made a conciliatory statement on Bizerte. He offered France a negotiated settlement and told Western nations that if the prospect of a special meeting of the U.N. General Assembly embarrassed them, they could head it off by pressure on Paris, not Tunis. (1:6)

President Kennedy was said to be seriously considering invoking the Trading with the Enemy Act against Cuba. The step would be taken only after the conclusion of the inter-American economic conference, opening Saturday. (1:5)

Two New York City banks will grant the New Haven Railroad a $5,000,000 loan guaranteed by the Interstate Commerce Commission. (1:2)

U.S. and West Germany plan to aid Iran. (Page 3)

Reds seek to capitalize on Hiroshima agony. (Page 4)

Saboteurs harass British base in Cyprus. (Page 5)

U.N. may soon cut troops in Congo. (Page 6)

Congress passes compromise farm program. (Page 1)

Shelter plan is called one-year program. (Page 2)

McNamara seeks suspension of feign aid. (Page 3)

Nationalist China Premier is hailed here. (Page 4)

U.S.I.A. displays Soviet-bounce exhibition. (Page 44)

U.S. ownership of phone satellites advocated. (Page 3)

Tariff rise urge for low-price carpets. (Page 27)

August 5, 1961

The State Department said yesterday it had considered but, for the time begin, rejected a curtailing of trade with the Soviet bloc in retaliation for Soviet threats to Berlin. The Department warned, however, that Moscow’s "threatening attitude towards the vital interests" of the Western powers might force another review of the question. (pg. 1:8)

The Communists announced new restrictions on East Berlin residents who work in West Berlin, ordering them to pay their rent, utility and public service bills in the West German marks they earn there. (1:7)

President Kennedy has received 20,000 suggestions from Americans on how best to cope with the Communist challenge. Many propose cutting Government spending and eliminating what they believe is the colossal waste in the armed forces. (1:6-7)

A tight control over the Soviet armed forces was urged in a new draft charter for the Soviet Communist party, published in Moscow’s newspapers. (4:1)

The Soviet Union has granted Tunisia a ruble credit equivalent to $27,750,000 for building dams and establishing a technical institute. (1:8)

Douglas Dillon of the United States and Maj. Ernesto Guevara of Cuba arrived fifteen minutes apart in Montevideo, Uruguay, to head their delegations to an inter-American economic conference. A message from President Kennedy will open the conference today. (1:5-7)

Federal authorities in El Paso, Texas moved quickly for criminal indictments against the father0and0son team that hijacked a giant jet airliner Thursday and attempted to take it to Cuba. (1:3)

In Washington, the Administration urged speedy Congressional approval of legislation to make hijacking of an airliner punishable by life imprisonment. (1:2)

The Government’s suggestion that airline crews carry guns to prevent hijacking was widely opposed in the industry. Airline officials warned that gun battles might cripple pilots or planes and end in disaster. (13:5)

The Administration now plans to increase the size of the armed forces by about 185,000 men instead of the 225,227 that President Kennedy announced last week. (1:4)

Robert N.W. Welch Jr., disclosed that the ultraconservative John Birch Society would conduct a $2,300 essay contest this fall on "grounds for the impeachment" of Chief Justice Earl Warren. (1:4-5)

Bonn jittery over U.S. intentions in Paris. (pg. 3)

Dean will resume Geneva nuclear pact effort. (pg. 4)

Britain to draw large sum from world fund. (pg. 5)

Dominican policemen club opposition supporters. (pg. 6)

Eisenhower to aid Mitchell’s Jersey campaign. (pg. 40)

Goldberg sees experts on revising labor laws. (pg. 18)

August 6, 1961

The exodus of refugees to West Berlin amounted to 10,419 last week. (pg. 2:3)

The foreign ministers of Britain, France, West Germany and the United States reached general agreement on the measures of military reinforcement they will take and ask their allies to take to prepare for a Berlin crisis. (1:8)

President Kennedy had a four-hour conference on Nantucket Sound with Adlai Stevenson, the United States delegate to the U.N. Before Mr. Stevenson went aboard the President’s cruiser, he expressed the view that the latest Soviet note on Berlin had been "more conciliatory." (3:1)

The Berlin situation was also under discussion in the Soviet bloc. The leaders of the Warsaw Pact nations emerged from a secret three-day meeting in the Kremlin with the announcement they had decided to sign a German peace treaty with East Germany alone if necessary before 1962. (1:6-7)

Also in Moscow, the Tunisian Foreign Minister disclosed that Premier Khrushchev had given him assurance of all forms of aid to get French out of Tunisia. (1:6)

In Algiers, conspirators cut a cable feeding two transmitters of Radio France, hooked them up with a clandestine station and broadcast violent attacks on President de Gaulle and appeals for a "France Algeria".

The broadcast increased speculation about a possible new Rightist coup against Paris. (16:6-7)

The inter-American economic conference opened. In Uruguay with a message from President Kennedy, He declared the United States would allocate more then $1,000,000,000 in development aid to Latin American during the first year of his Alliance for Progress program. (1:3; pg. 29)

The Cuban Government indicated it was ready to return an Eastern Air Lines Electra it is holding if the United States releases a Cuban patrol boat. (26:3-4)

Former President Eisenhower has volunteered his support for the Kennedy Administration’s proposal to create a permanent "peace agency" with responsibility for planning and research on disarmament. (1:2)

President Kennedy has ordered a review of a practice of the Government assigning research, development and other scientific services to private organizations. (48:1)

"The tasks before us are vast, the problems difficult, the challenges unparalleled. But we carry with us the vision of a new and better world, and the unlimited power of a free men guided by free governments. And I believe that our ultimate success will make us proud to have lived and worked at this historic movement in the life of out hemisphere." President Kennedy, in a message to the Inter-American Economic and Social Conference in Uruguay. (1:3)

Dean sees Soviet wary on Peiping atom bomb. (pg. 1)

Communists in Cyprus scoring big gains. (pg. 1)

R. F. Kennedy in Africa for independence rites. (pg. 22)

Gagarin tours Raton’s rustic home town. (pg. 24)

Peiping publishes Soviet part program. (pg. 35)

Laotian Princes end parley in Cambodia. (pg. 38)

California pressing Nixon to run for Governor. (pg. 47)

Space agency backs copter that failed Grissom. (pg. 8)

Cape Cod resident divided on park plans. (pg. 62)

August 7, 1961

Soviet radio broadcasts the first announcement that the Soviet Union had launched a second man into orbital flight around the earth. (pg. 1:6)

The Soviet space ship, Vostok II, was orbiting the earth every eighty-eight minutes in a test of the effects of prolonged space flight on its astronaut pilot, Maj. Gherman S. Titov. The flight of the five-ton satellite ended today with the astronaut making a safe landing. Major Titov had reported periodically that he was "feeling fine" and that his space craft was functioning normally. (1:8; pg. 6)

The Kennedy Administration congratulated Moscow and expressed the hope that the Russians would soon cooperate to keep the arms race from spreading into space. (7:1)

Project Mercury officials said the earliest the United States could expect to put a man in orbit is towards the end of this year, or at least by early 1962. (1:4)

In Paris, the Western foreign ministers reaffirmed the West’s Willingness to negotiate the Berlin question on a "reasonable basis" but postponed a decision on whether to take the initiative for such talks. (1:3)

The ministers decided, in any even, to sponsor a referendum of West Berlin’s inhabitants on whether they want Allied troops to remain there. (2:1)

At the inter-American economic conference in Uruguay, the United States hopes to dramatize its three major targets of Latin social improvement, primary education, land reform and low-cost housing. (1:2)

With candles and prayers the people of Hiroshima, Japan, observed for the sixteenth time the memory of Aug. 6, 1945, "when the light of a thousand suns" flashed over the city and reduced it to a poisonous ash (1:4)

Bowles in India to seek support on Berlin. (pg. 2)

Tunisians praise Soviet aid in Bizerte crisis. (pg. 2)

Dominican arrests worry exiles and U.S. aides. (pg. 3)

August 8, 1961

Premier Khrushchev before Moscow television cameras coupled a proposal for Berlin talks with a warning that Soviet divisions might mass on West European frontiers as a precautionary defense measure. The Premier reaffirmed his plan for an East German peace treaty and offered no basis for a negotiated Berlin settlement. But his address contained a number of conciliatory passages. (pg. 1:8; pg. 8)

Antoine Gizenga’s Soviet-backed regime at Stanleyville said it had dissolved in favor of the new central Government. (1:4-5)

Freedom for Africans was likened to equality for American Negroes by Attorney General Kennedy, who is visiting the Ivory Coast. (1:4)

The Asian-African bloc at the United Nations formally requested a special General Assembly session on Bizerte. (1:1-2)

India unveiled a $24,360,000,000 five-year program to improve her economy within a democratic framework. (1:7)

For the development of Latin economies, the United States outlined a $20,000,000,000 investment plan for Latin America. (1:5)

Direct jet service between New York and Moscow has been agreed on in principle by the United States and the Soviet Union. The route would be flown by Pan American World Airways and the Soviet line, Aeroflot. The formal agreement, however, is to be completed. (1:6-7)

A 26,666-acre strip of dunes, heaths, cliffs and fresh-water ponds on the Atlantic Coast became the Cape Cod National Seashore when the President signed a bill similar to one he himself once sponsored. (16:4)

Dr. Robert A. Soblen was sentenced to life in prison for spying for the Soviet Union. Soblen, a leukemia victim given less than a year to live, collapsed. (1:7-8)

Brandt sees no need for Berlin vote. (pg. 6)

Washington pessimistic on Khrushchev speech. (pg. 11)

F.P.C. nomination. (pg. 18)

Southerners gird for Senate rules fight. (pg. 21)

New Orleans to widen school integration. (pg. 21)

Negro couple sues state in Rye housing case. (pg. 21)

Short-term U.S. bill rates continue climb. (pg. 41)

August 9, 1961

Council gave "broad approbation" in Paris yesterday to the western Big Three’s plans for resisting Soviet pressure on Berlin. In a report on the foreign ministers’ meeting just ended, Secretary of State Rusk appealed to the North Atlantic Council to help strengthen conventional forces in Central Europe to deal, at the least, with a war of nerves; at the most, with a hot war. Though unable to commit their governments, most Council members gave qualified assent. (pg. 1:8)

In the wake of Premier Khrushchev’s speech on Berlin, Washington apparently has decided to make Moscow give the first hint of what is negotiable. (1:7)

The Khrushchev speech caused a rise in East German refugee traffic. (1:6-7)

As a gesture for closer United States-Japanese ties, six members of the Kennedy Cabinet will go to Tokyo in November to confer with their counterparts. (1:8)

The House rejected a plan to convert a plutonium-producing reactor at Hanford, Washington, into the world’s largest atomic power plant. The defeat could plunge the atomic power program deep into a bitter controversy over public and private power. (1:4)

The President signed a farm bill aimed at reducing crop surpluses while increasing farm income. With its emphasis on controls, the new law contrasts sharply with the last Administration’s efforts to eliminate restrictions on planting and marketing. (8:3)

Angier Biddle Duke, the State Department’s chief of protocol, has resigned from Washington’s exclusive Metropolitan Club because the club denies entrance to African diplomats. (12:3)

Castro announces curbs on Cuban’s savings. (pg. 1)

U.S. refuses to support U.N. session on Bizerte. (pg. 7)

Bowles explains U.S. stand on Berlin to Nehru. (pg. 7)

Kenya bans group accused of Mau Mau link. (pg. 11)

Proxmire continues fight against nomination. (pg. 17)

Alford urges voters to defeat Fulbright. (pg. 20)

Titov’s orbital flight causes task for U.S. (pg. 4)

Non-satellite TV system is demonstrated here. (pg. 35)

Dr. Frank Buchman, of Moral Re-Armament. (pg. 1)

Pound’s recovery helps position of dollar. (pg. 43)

Administration prepares new sugar legislation. (pg. 43)

August 10, 1961

Premier Khrushchev declared once again last night that the Soviet Union did not want war and that he was making no threats. However, he warned that Germany would be blotted out of the Bonn Government tried to reunify the country by force. The Soviet leader’s impromptu speech at a Kremlin reception for Maj. Gherman S. Titov shook the foreign diplomats and Soviet dignitaries. (pg. 1:8)

The number of refugees this week from East Germany were 1,926 yesterday, approaching the record proportions of March, 1953. (3:1)

The possibility of another uprising by restive East Germans against Communist rule and possible military intervention in East Germany have given President Kennedy and his aids some anxious hours. (1:6-7)

For the third time since May a United States airliner was commandeered in the air and forced to fly to Cuba. This time a jet airliner with eighty-one persons aboard was hijacked over Mexico. Several hours after it landed in Havana, the Cuban Government allowed it to return to the United States with everyone aboard except the hijacker, identified as a French Algerian. (1:4)

Administration leaders in the Senate began casting about for concessions that might insure approval of President Kennedy’s long-range foreign-aid program without impairing it in substance. The most controversial item is the President’s request for long-term borrowing authority. Senator J.W. Fulbright suggested an amendment that would require the Executive branch to submit a complete report to Congress on any contemplated loan exceeding $10,000,000. (1:2-3)

A Senate House conference committee approved the record peacetime defense appropriations bill. It included virtually all Mr. Kennedy’s military fund requests to meet the Berlin crisis. But his shelter proposal appeared headed for trouble. (1:2-3)

The Senate confirmed the appointment of Lawrence O’Connor Jr., a former Texas oil man, to the Federal Power Commission. (12:3)

Another appointee of Mr. Kennedy is Judge James Benton Parsons of the Cook County (Chicago) Court, who is to be a United States district judge for the northern district of Illinois. Judge Parsons will be the first Negro named to the Federal district bench on the United States mainland. (15:2-3)

Nasser directs changes in economy of U.A.R. (pg. 1)

Cuba asks U.N. to take up U.S. "aggression." (pg. 7)

Latin-America plan lacks reform details. (pg. 8)

British curb Kaunda party in Northern Rhodesia. (pg. 9)

Small-business aide warns on satellite plan. (pg. 25)

Senators revise conference bill. (pg. 52)

Bar praises and warns Kennedy on judgeships. (pg. 15)

Fiery cross in Jersey hits sale to Negroes. (pg. 17)

Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, ex-Ambassador to Soviet dies. (pg. 1)

August 11, 1961

At a wide-ranging news conference yesterday, President Kennedy said that he would make a "most critical" and probably "decisive" judgment this month of the Soviet Union’s willingness to arrange a well-policed ban on nuclear testing. He said that a special scientific study has convinced him "more urgently than ever" that without international inspection there could be no assurance of Soviet abstention from nuclear testing. (pg. 1:8; Pg. 6)

The Soviet press reported a speech by Mr. Khrushchev Wednesday night without mentioning his threats to West Germany or his reference to the possible construction of a powerful nuclear warhead for rockets. (3:5)

East Germany announced that Marshal Ivan S. Konev, former supreme commander of the Communist bloc’s armed forces, was the new commander of the Soviet troops in East Germany. (1:7)

A special session of the United Nations General Assembly was summoned for Aug. 21 to consider the French-Tunisian dispute over Bizerte and a strip of the Sahara claimed by Tunisia. France will boycott the session. (1:6)

A revolt by smaller Latin-American countries against a draft of the Alliance for Progress agreement developed at the Inter-American economic conference. The smaller countries urged more immediate aid and assurance of a continuing share of the program over the next ten years. (1:5)

President Kennedy announced that armed border patrolmen were being placed aboard some United States airliners flying in the country and Latin America. (1:4)

President Kennedy expressed the view that Mr. Fulbright had "performed a service" when he sent a memo to the Pentagon in June calling attention to efforts by some officers to propagandize the public. (7:1)

Mr. Kennedy also told reporters at his news conference that although the Russians were "many months ahead of us" in their space program," we are making what I consider a maximum effort." (5:5-6)

The President disclosed in reply to a question, he had agreed that in case he became unable to perform the duties of his office, Vice President Johnson would exercise them for the period of disability. The agreement follows the example set by President Eisenhower in 1958. (1:3-4, pg. 6)

The House and Senate passed the $46,662,550,000 defense budget. For the first time it included a major fall-out shelter program. (1:8)

President Kennedy’s aid-to-education program at this Congressional session has collapsed. Democratic leaders have decided instead to steer through a straight one-year extension of an expiring $300,000,000 program of Federal grants to schools in certain areas. (1:2-3)

The Labor Department reported that 53,198,000 Americans had regular jobs in July. This was 14,000 more than July, 1960. (1:1)

F.B.I. charges jet hijackers with piracy. (pg. 2)

West Germans plan military increases. (pg. 3)

Reform breezes stirring in Ethiopia. (pg. 10)

Kennedy reportedly has picked 2 U.S. judges here. (pg. 1)

Notables pay tribute to Walter Bedell Smith. (pg. 23)

August 12, 1961

Secretary of State Dean Rusk reported to President Kennedy satisfaction with last week-end’s meeting of the Western foreign ministers in Paris and to have warned that Premier Khrushchev would offer no basis for fruitful talks until he had exhausted attempts to undermine Western unity. (pg. 1:8)

Mr. Khrushchev declared that the prestige of his nation required him to go through with the conclusion of a German peace treaty despite determined Western opposition. (1:6-7)

The East German Legislature approved preparations for a separate peace treaty with the Communist bloc and "measures" to check the flight of refugees from the East to West Berlin. (4:3-4)

Maj. Gherman S. Titov on his orbital flight around the earth reported he had ejected himself from his space ship and had landed by parachute. Weightlessness was said to have caused him some "unpleasant sensations" but no after-effects. (1:4-6; pg. 2)

In Argentine, an apparently Leftist military junta claimed the overthrow of the Government last night, but a Government spokesman called the revolt only a "crazy" action. (1:6-7)

Paris announced that one of the three parachute regiments would be withdrawn. (1:7)

Paris armed forces in Algeria would have "greater freedom of action." (1:7)

Renewed fighting was reported in Laos, where a rebel base was under fire apparently by mountain-dwelling Meo tribesmen. (1:3)

Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld forecast a United Nations cash deficit of $90,000,000 by next June. (6:1-2)

The space agency announced that it would launch late next year an experimental communications satellite that would remain fixed over the same longitude on earth. (2:7-8)

Washington willing to trade Cuban boat for plane. (pg. 1)

Seventh Fleet heightens preparedness in Pacific. (pg. 4)

Cuba may sign Alliance for Progress pact. (pg. 8)

South Korea’s junta plans elections for 1963. (pg. 13)

Tourists’ duty-free allowance cut to $100. (pg. 1)

First seven trainees dropped by Peace Corps. (pg. 14)

President appoints new aid for labor Department. (pg. 42)

U.S. backs test of needle network in space. (pg. 3)

August 13, 1961

To halt the exodus of East Germans to the West, Communist party brigades and East German soldiers early today blocked the border between East and West Berlin. All means of exit roads, subways and elevated lines, were closed. East German commuters who work in West Berlin will be barred from reaching their jobs tomorrow. East German troops took up guard posts at the Brandenburg Gate and elsewhere. (pg. 1:1)

The Kennedy Administration believes that the Berlin dispute can be talked out peacefully later this year. But there is concern for the cohesion of the Western alliance in the coming weeks, when pressures for a quick settlement are expected to increase. (1:2-3)

Crack Government troops were operating in southern Laos to cut the flow of Communist supplies and guerrilla reinforcements moving down from Communist North Vietnam. (1:2)

The Cubans have agreed to return an Eastern Air Lines plane hijacked July 24 and the United States will release a Cuban patrol boat. (1:6)

Concern has been expressed that there is still no one in direct charge of the moon project, and the national space agency has not started building the capsule. (1:5)

Italy reaffirms support of West. (pg. 2)

Sea force tested in training by West Germany. (pg. 3)

Paris on guard over holiday week-end. (pg. 5)

Aid formula plan abandoned by U.S. (pg. 12)

Nasser seeks to project role as economic leader. (pg. 14)

French evacuate one unit from Bizerte. (pg. 17)

Cuba says U.S. base aided assassination plot. (pg. 19)

Argentine revolt is over in a few hours. (pg. 22)

Ydigoras regime grows stronger in Guatemala. (pg. 28)

Panama’s economy lags despite social gains. (pg. 30)

U.S. oil Company loses bid to explore in India. (pg. 30)

Air Force general heads new intelligence unit. (pg. 37)

August 14, 1961

The emotions of the 3,300,000 residents of Berlin were put under sudden, violent strain when the East German regime split it in two before dawn. (pg. 1:7)

The sudden, dramatic closing of the gates through which nearly 3,000,000 Germans have escaped to the West since 1949, was followed by the movement of two battle ready Soviet Army divisions, with armor and artillery, which were said to have ringed Berlin. Other Soviet divisions were reported on the move throughout restive East Germany. (1:8, pg. 6)

Western observers in Moscow view it as signifying that Premier Khrushchev has decided irrevocably to conclude a separate peace treaty with East Germany. (1:6-7)

Secretary of State Dean Rusk called the border closing a double violation of the agreements between the Soviet Union and the West and said it would be vigorously protested "through appropriate channels." (1:4; pg. 7)

John J. McCloy, President Kennedy’s disarmament adviser, disclosed that the United States was working in a "far-reaching" disarmament plan. He said it would be ready for presentation this fall. (1:6)

The United States pledged about $150,000,000 for emergency aid to Latin America and then reported that all significant issues at the inter-American economic conference in Uruguay had been settled. (1:8)

In wake of the apparent death of President Kennedy’s aid-to-education bills this year, a committee of nationally known citizens has been formed to press for Congressional approval of an extension of the National Defense Education Act. (13:1)

The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., said that Negro integration leaders would end Freedom Rides when the Interstate Commerce Commission issues a blanket order against bus station segregation. (12:2)

World population up 46,000,000 a year. (pg. 2)

Brazil official on economic mission to Peiping. (pg. 3)

President assumes "Uncle Jack" role. (pg. 14)

U.S. plans major Antarctic research program. (pg. 27)

Library of Congress appoints Untermeyer. (pg. 17)

Zanzibar cloves are scented far out at sea. (pg. 30)

August 15, 1961

As an uneasy quiet prevailed on the border between East and West Berlin, the East German Communists tightened their squeeze on the Western sectors early today. The East German Interior Ministry announced that vehicles from West Berlin must have permits to cross into the Communist zone. (pg. 1:8)

Adenauer said the West might have to decide on a total trade embargo of the Soviet bloc if Moscow did not agree to reasonable negotiations with NATO. (1:7)

President Kennedy was said to have decided on vigorous protests and propaganda on Berlin. But extreme countermeasures were ruled out as too likely to lead to war. (1:6-7)

Pope John XXIII named Amieto Giovanni Cardinal Cicognani as the Vatican’s new Secretary of State to succeed the late Domenico Cardinal Tardini, Cardinal Cicognani was Apostolic Delegate in Washington for twenty-five years until 1958. (1:5)

The United States has begun to feel strong pressure for friendly coexistence with Cuba from some Latin Governments and from Havana itself. Russians are keenly interested in an accommodation between the United States and Cuba.

Adoula to fly to see Gizenga in Stanleyville. (pg. 2)

Mikoyan guarded on visit to Japan. (pg. 4)

Laotians make progress on coalition regime. (pg. 5)

China says men, not arms bring war victory. (pg. 7)

Ben Youssef, a Bourguiba rebel, is slain. (pg. 10)

Bizerte situation regarded as deteriorating. (pg. 11)

Dominican opposition is irate over leaders’ death. (pg. 13)

Guevara barred from talk at Latin-aid parley. (pg. 14)

Kennedy asks 73 million for civil defense. (pg. 18)

Morse bids Catholics modify school-aid stand. (pg. 19)

Hodges explains maritime plans to industry. (pg. 58)

Dr. Willard Travell, father of Kennedy’s physician. (pg. 29)

Du Pont seeks flexibility in G.M. distribution. (pg. 37)

Short-term U.S. bill rated shoot upward. (pg. 39)

August 16, 1961

The United States, Berlin and France formally protested to the Soviet Union yesterday against East Germany’s closing of the border between East and West Berlin. In a letter to their Soviet counterpart, the three Allied commandments in Berlin described in communist action as "illegal" and the "most flagrant violation" of the four-power Berlin agreement since the blockade of 1948. (pg. 1:8; pg. 10)

The Kennedy Administration set out to portray the border closing as a dramatic confession of Communist failure. For now, this would be the extent of the Allied response to Soviet Berlin moves, as long as access rights were respected. (1:6)

Under Secretary of State Bowles told newsmen he had found the under-developed countries "profoundly skeptical" of the United States’ capacity to live up to its revolutionary traditions. (1:7)

The Senate approved a key amendment to the foreign aid bill. The change would give Congress potentially broad control over the President’s plan to finance development loans by borrowing from the Treasury without seeking Congressional permission each year. (1:5)

Impressive Republican support continued to line up behind President Kennedy’s proposal for a permanent, high-level disarmament agency. Henry Cabot Lodge, Christian A. Herter and Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, among others sounded an unbroken chorus of endorsements on the second day of hearings. (1:7-8)

The Federal Reserve Board estimated that the country’s industries set a production record last month. However, unemployment remained close to its recession peak. (1:4)

Congress gave final approval to the addition of 3,365 personnel of the Internal Revenue Service. Most of them will be enforcement agents. (35:3)

The Justice Department pressed the I.C.C. to adopt Attorney General Kennedy’s recommendations for ending segregation in interstate bus travel. Major bus companies and the State of Mississippi oppose it. (1:3)

They came with shopping carts, paper bags, pillow cases and empty baby carriages. In all, several thousand persons on welfare lined up at six depots for the first day of Federal surplus food distribution. Most walked home, but one took a cab. (1:3-6)

Anti-Cuban move fails at Latin conference. (pg. 3)

Reds warn troop issue perils Laos talks. (pg. 4)

Mikoyan offers Japan Soviet economic benefits. (pg. 5)

French reject Tunis charged on cease-fire. (pg. 6)

Dispute flares between Brandt and Adenauer. (pg. 100

U.N. pledges aid to Congo regime of Adoula. (pg. 12)

World trade adviser is named by Kennedy. (pg. 15)

Senate panel drafts new campaign rules. (pg. 17)

California aide attacks Brown regime as "sick." (pg. 35)

U.S. to spur bargaining on seamen pacts. (pg. 62)

Explorer XII is launched at Cape Canaveral. (pg. 2)

Astronomy union pleas for space peace. (pg. 2)

Harvard Glee Club sings in Athens. (pg. 37)

August 17, 1961

The crowd of about 250,000 cheered yesterday as Mayor Willy Brandt announced he had told President Kennedy in a letter that West Berlin expected "not merely words but political action." The Mayor compared the Communists’ act to Hitler’s occupation of the Rhineland in 1936, and he warned that the existence of the entire free world was at stake in the crisis. (1:8; pg. 10)

Chancellor Adenauer exchanged assurances with Premier Khrushchev of their intention to avoid any worsening of the crisis over Berlin. The exchange was conducted through the Soviet Ambassador in Bonn. (1:7)

Soviet anxiety over the impact of the border closing on public opinion at home and abroad was demonstrated by the mobilization of all propaganda media to justify it. (1:6-7)

The West has drafted a new protest on the Berlin border closing, this one addressed to Moscow, which will probably be delivered today or tomorrow. (1:6)

The Canadian Government announced it had granted a leading Soviet scientist’s request for political asylum. The defector is Dr. Mikhail A. Klochko, a chemist who went to Canada to attend a conference. (1:3-4)

The Kennedy Administration will go before the United Nations General Assembly next month with a program for total disarmament, the peaceful uses of space, the independence and self-determination of all nations and guarantees against aggression by subversion as well as invasion. (1:5)

The Army alerted 113 Reserve and National Guard units for possible active duty. (4:3-5)

The foregoing was part of a series of major steps designed to build Army manpower from a current level of 87,000 to at least 984,000 by mid-1962. (1:5)

President Kennedy’s foreign aid bill suffered severe setbacks in both houses of Congress. The House approved an amendment that would deny the President’s request for nearly $8,800,000,000 in long term borrowing, authority, while the Senate cut $800,000,000 from the request. (1:4)

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., announced that a program of "stand-ins" at registration points would be started soon in the South. The goal will be to double within two years the 1,300,000 southern Negroes now registered to vote. (1:2)

Alliance for Progress is proclaimed in Uruguay. (pg. 1)

Nyasaland election victor warns whites. (pg. 2)

France studies plan for Algeria partition. (pg. 2)

Laotian rebels insist on neutralist Premier. (pg. 3)

Soviet threatens Japan over U.S. bases. (pg. 3)

Portuguese forces expect long campaign in Angola. (pg. 6)

Nehru supports full access to Berlin. (pg. 10)

Prendergast lists his choices for ’62. (pg 14)

Personal income rose to record in July. (pg. 24)

Negro asks Rye Council to end housing bias. (pg. 29)

U.S. protests over Howard Johnson incident. (pg. 51)

Explorer XII launched to check space particles. (pg. 7)

August 18, 1961

The Western Allies delivered parallel noted in Moscow yesterday, protesting against the "flagrant and particularly serious" violation of the four-power agreements involved in the Communist’ sealing of the border between East and West Berlin. The notes, which contained no "warnings," urged the removal of the "illegal" barricades put up by the East Germans. Western conferees in Washington considering sending Vice President Johnson to Berlin to assure the city’s restive population that it would not be abandoned. (pg. 1:8; pg. 3)

Observers thought that the Russians might achieve their aims on Berlin through a negotiated settlement. (2:7-8)

Willy Brandt wants the United States, Britain and France to reinforce the 11,000-man Western garrison in the city, he wants the Communists indicted in the United Nations for suppressing human rights and he wants Bonn to ban the export of some vital goods to East Germany. (1:7)

The French Government is reinforcing ground and sir forces in West Germany and Continental France. London ordered the limited reinforcement of Britain’s tactical air units in West Germany. (1:7)

The Soviet Union accorded diplomats the opportunity of viewing a tactical exercise in how its tank-supported infantry would operate on a nuclear battlefield. (1:8)

The "goodwill mission" to Japan of Soviet First Deputy Premier Mikoyan turned into a political battle between the visitor and his hosts. Mr. Mikoyan’s warnings that the presence of the United States military bases could drag Japan into war were called an attempt to interfere in Japanese affairs. (1:5)

The twelve-day inter-American economic conference in Uruguay ended with the singing of the Charter of the Alliances for Progress by the United State and all the Latin-American republics except Cuba. (8:3-4)

The Navy announced the expansion of its operating fleet by forty-two ships within five months to bring the total strength to 383 warships and 478 non-combat vessels. (1:6)

Trujillo Jr. asks recognition to avert revolt. (pg. 1)

Non-aligned nations’ parley aim at Berlin issued. (pg. 2)

Khrushchev seeks to draw Bonn into parleys. (pg. 3)

Nehru warns Lisbon to stay out of enclaves. (pg. 4)

Adoula lengthens visit to Stanleyville. (pg. 4)

African-Asian bloc offers plan for Bizerte. (pg. 5)

United States fears Leftist victory in Guiana. (pg. 8)

Explorer XII is still going strong in space. (pg. 7)

U.S. and Soviet scientists discuss moon-mapping. (pg. 19)

California wine industry approves controls. (pg. 31)

August 19, 1961

President Kennedy ordered a battle group of 1,500 men to West Berlin yesterday to assure West Berliners that they would not be abandoned. Vice President Johnson is going with the same purpose. He will confer with Chancellor Adenauer and then fly on to Berlin. The troops are to move overland along one of the three autobahns used to supply Western garrisons in West Berlin. The West’s refusal to recognize the Communist’s sealing of the border will be further emphasized by the presence in the Johnson mission of Gen. Lucius D. Clay, who was military governor of Germany during the 1948-1949 airlift that broke the Communist blockade of Berlin. (pg. 1:8)

A reflection of the sagging morale in West Berlin was a wave of "panic buying" of food and other consumer goods. (3:6)

In Northern Rhodesia, Kenneth Kaunda, African nationalist leader, launched his "master plan" of civil disobedience by ceremonially burning his identity card. Africans responded with a general strike. (1:6)

Antoine Gizenga, who has been the leader of the pro-Lumumba group in the Congo, announced his acceptance of the post of first Vice Premier in the Government of Premier Cyrille Adoula. (1:6)

John Osborne, the British playwright has renounced Britain and accuses her people of being "murderers." (4:1)

On President Kennedy’s long-range development loan program and the means of financing it, the Senate granted the president’s request for long-term Treasury borrowing authority while the House denied it. Conference committees will try to reconcile differences. (1:5)

The record peacetime defense appropriations legislation that will provide programs for space efforts and underground shelters has been signed by the President. (8:3-4)

Learned Han, retired Judge of the United State court of Appeal, Second Circuit, died in New York after a long illness. (1:2-3)

French paratroops turn fire horses on Bizerte mob. (pg. 1)

U.N. police force urged for Southwest Africa. (pg. 5)

Mikoyan visits Osaka drops attack on U.S. ties. (pg 7)

U.S. tries to save 1961-62 "Met" season. (pg. 19)

Settlement foreseen in jetliner crew dispute. (pg. 38)

Bay area rebels how to Hoffa wage pact. (pg. 39)

August 20, 1961

The arrival of Vice President Johnson in West Berlin yesterday had an electric effect on the city. There were tears and cheers as he told a crowd of about 30,000 Western Berliners that the United States would never forget its obligations to them. (pg. 1:8; pg. 4)

Reports from Germany that Washington’s symbolic moves were helpful for raising the moral of West Berlin were heartening to President Kennedy and his aides. But they were troubled by signs of disinterest in other parts of the world. (1:6)

Willy Brandt proposed to Mr. Kennedy that the Western Allies declare a three-power status for the sector because of the Communist’s closing of its border with East Berlin. (6:1)

A Soviet note to the Western powers implicitly questioned the legality of the West’s occupation of West Berlin and the West’s right to free access to the city. (1:7, pg. 18)

Maj. Ernesto Guevara, Cuba’s economic chief, has left Latin-American leaders with an impression that the Castro regime is being pushed by economic distress to seek a reconciliation with the United States. (1:3-4)

A Mercury capsule carrying robot devices that breathe, perspire and talk as a human astronaut would is scheduled to be launched into orbit from Cape Canaveral this week. (50:4)

To the survival and to the creative future of this city we Americans have pledged, in effect, what our ancestors pledged in forming the United States. "Our lives, out fortunes and out sacred honor."’Vice President Johnson in Berlin. (1:8)

Feats of three zealots pose crisis for India. (pg. 1)

France approves U.S. troop moves to Berlin. (pg. 3)

West Germany’s army gains as NATO partner. (pg. 7)

Iran says that Soviet forged CENTO "secrets." (pg. 17)

80,000 marchers in Tunis protest Bizerte base. (pg. 20)

Move on Katanga vowed by Congo’s Premier. (pg. 24)

Dominicans are still ruled by fear. (pg. 29)

Rusk bids court free Cuban defectors’ vessel. (pg. 34)

Opera discounts Goldberg’s chances in dispute. (pg. 79)

Reuther voices warning of automobile strike. (pg. 80)

August 21, 1961

The United States moved 1,500 additional troops into West Berlin without incident yesterday and a grateful city poured out its heart to them and to Vice President Johnson. Mr. Johnson greeted the soldiers as another example of United States intentions to fulfill its "obligations and pledges" to the city. (1:8)

Despite a circling Soviet jet bomber, Soviet officials were courteous and quick in checking out the United States convoy that stretched down the 110 miles of autobahn from the West German border to Berlin. (3:1)

President Kennedy will cut short his week-end at Cape Cod to receive the Vice President’s personal report on his two-day mission to Berlin. (3:5)

United States officials reported that the South Vietnamese Army, which Washington equipped and trained in new jungle warfare tactics, has assume the initiative in the struggle with Communist guerrillas. (1:5)

Most of the embassies in Havana have signed a joint protest against the Government refusal to return immediately all Cuban currency they deposited during the recent currency exchange. (1:7)

President Kennedy’s proposals to revise the law governing strikes affecting the nation’s well-being probably will not go to Congress this year, as originally planned. (1:4)

Advocates of Federal aid to public schools are pinning their hopes for Congressional actions this year of House Speaker Rayburn’s possible acceptance of a new compromise plan. However, he has told intimates that he would like to put the issue aside until next year in the hope that the religious controversy will have abated. (1:4)

Morocco is to push its claims in the Sahara Desert. (Page 1)

Rusk backs Robert Kennedy on seeing Menshikov. (Page 4)

Inflatable airplane is patented by Navy. (Page 23)

Goldberg still hopeful for a "Met" season. (Page 25)

August 22, 1961

President Kennedy made a forecast last night of "difficult weeks and months" ahead in maintaining the freedom of West Berlin. But, he said, "maintain it we will." The President spoke briefly on the Berlin crisis as he and Vice President Johnson, who had just reported to him on his visit to Bonn and Berlin, stood together in the Fish Room of the White House. (1:8)

Another result of the increased world tension was the decision by the United States to put off signing a pact with the Russians to set up direct air service between New York and Moscow. (1:2-3)

The United nations General Assembly opened a special session on the French-Tunisian dispute over Bizerte. The Soviet Union used the occasion to assail the Western system of military bases in general. A mild Asian-African resolution aimed at a settlement appeared to have a good chance of adoption. (1:5)

Secretary of State Rusk indicated that the Administration was ready to accept any financing plan for its long-range development loan program as long as the President was allowed to make long-term commitments. (1:4)

Another wrangle over civil rights was set off in the Senate by a proposal to add to a money bill a rider to extend the life of the Civil Rights Commission two years. (14:3)

Pentagon officials indicated that relatively few of the nations 4,000,000 reservists would be called to active duty in the current military build-up. Their view rested on an assumption that the Berlin crisis would not lead to shooting. (1:2)

Officers attending the national War College heard a sober lecture by Senator Fulbright on their political role in a maturing and changing society. Obviously answering those who have condemned his criticism of officers’ right-wing activities, the Senator elaborated his view that officers should not use the prestige of their uniforms to advance ideas that conflict with the Government’s stated policies. (14:3)

The Metropolitan Opera assure labor Secretary Goldberg that it would reinstate its cancelled 1961-62 season, if it could agree quickly on a new contract with its musicians and if singers were available. (1:8)

Kenyatta gets full freedom in Kenya. (Page 1)

NATO aides study arms readiness. (Page 5)

Mikoyan warns West of curbs on Berlin access. (Page 5)

Bourguiba to attend neutrals talks in Belgrade. (Page 9)

U.S. presses plan to attract foreign tourists. (Page 58)

U.S. opposes bill to curb racism in labor. (Page 16)

U.S. approves merger of big Chicago banks. (Page 37)

Japan seeks rise in U.S. textile quotas. (Page 37)

Group in Senate to fight steel price increase. (Page 37)

August 23, 1961

The East German Communists decreed sharp new restrictions last night on travel to East Berlin by West Berliners and "foreigners," including Allied soldiers. Only one crossing point was left open to foreigners, two to West Germans and four to West Berliners. Furthermore, West Berliners now must get permits to enter East Berlin. Chancellor Adenauer visited West Berlin and said he had not accompanied Vice President Johnson to Berlin last week-end because Mr. Johnson had asked him not. (1:8)

London sources said France was at odds with the United States and Britain over when and how to negotiate with Moscow, but not over the advisability of negotiating. (3:5)

On the Bizerte issue, France and her allies remained split. At the United Nation Adlai E. Stevenson appealed to France and Tunisia to settle their dispute quickly in the interests of world peace. (1:4)

The Administrations tax bill, whose chief feature is a tax break to spur business expansion and modernization, was reported be dead for this year. President Kennedy and Secretary Dillon met with lawmakers and concluded there was no chance of completing action at this session. (1:7)

Dean returns to Geneva nuclear parley. (Page 12)

Kennedy stirred protests on Navy yards closing. (Page 13)

Jury list challenged at Freedom Rider’s trail. (Page 31)

Three sea unions lose speak on injunction. (Page 66)

Kennedy is host at concert for children. (Page 28)

U.S. suit in hinted on Chicago bank merger. (Page 43)

Gore asks U.S. action to bar steels price rise. (Page 43)

August 24, 1961

The Western powers yesterday deployed 1,000 troops of their West Berlin garrison, backed by ten forty-ten United States tanks, along the East Berlin border. The swift show of force was the West’s reply to an East German warning to "all person" to stay leader 110 yards away from both sides of the intercity border. (1:8)

A further build-up of United States military readiness in Berlin was reportedly recommended to President Kennedy by Vice President Johnson. (1:8)

In a note to Washington, the Soviet Government protested what it called "provocative" actions in Germany and abuse of the Western rights of access to Berlin. (1:6-7)

The Communist’s legal right to seal the intracity border in Berlin was affirmed by Prime Minster Nehru of India, who expressed the opinion that the Western powers had gained access to Berlin not as a right but as a concession form Russian’s (3:1)

Britain joined the United States in calling for immediate talks between France and Tunisia to settle their dispute over Bizerte. (1:5)

House Democratic leaders agreed to seek passage of a compromise program of aid to education at this Congressional session. The decision was reached at a meeting in the office of Speaker Sam Rayburn. Soon after Mr. Rayburn and President Kennedy conferred at the White House. (1:4)

Mr. Kennedy’s four-year, $655,000,000 program to train more than 100,000 unemployed workers in new skills was approved by the Senate in a 60-to-31 vote. (1:2)

The most controversial of Attorney General Kennedy’s bills to combat organized crime and racketeering was modified and passed by the House. The measure would permit the Federal Government to run down fugitives from prosecution under state laws. (20:1)

The United States put into orbit its first Ranger satellite, a test version of the craft that is to land the nation’s first instruments on the moon early next year. Ranger I achieved only a close-in orbit rather than the planned extremely elongated one. (1:5)

West Berlin will try to bar Red pass offices. (Page 3)

Nasser and Hussein reply to Kennedy. (Page 10)

A few abducted Israeli children still held. (Page 11)

Adoula regime is winning public confidence. (Page 13)

Victor in British Guiana limits Cuban tie. (Page 14)

U.S. stopping purchases of European coal. (Page 1)

Army will call some men with 2-year duty. (Page 5)

Senate’s rules panel clears filibuster curb. (Page 17)

Kennedy asks more customs agents and funds. (Page 31)

New offers made as Met talks resume. (Page 26)

Threat of port strike is diminishing. (Page 58)

August 25, 1961

The White house gave the Kremlin a "solemn warning" yesterday that any Communist interference with access to West Berlin would be "an aggressive act" for which the Soviet Government would bear full responsibility. The White House dismissed Wednesday’s charge by Moscow that the Western Allies were abusing their access routes to Berlin, calling it false, cynical, irresponsible, and slanderous. (1:8)

The Soviet notes to the Western powers accused them of having used their air corridors to transport anti=Communist spies and saboteurs to West Berlin from West Germany in violation of a 1945 four=power agreement. (1:4)

Western officials in Berlin described the atmosphere there as "difficult and dangerous." Their analysis followed a challenge by the communist to the movement of Western personnel across the intracity border without East German permission. The challenge, viewed as an attempt to extract recognition of East Germany, was rebuffed. (1:7)

Dag Hammarskjöld warned the Soviet Union that its attacks against the United Nations could lead to the organization’s collapse. In his annual message to the General Assembly, Hammarskjöld rejected Soviet efforts to replace him with a three0man group and he argued against a return to "Static conference machinery" for settling disputes. (1:6)

The General Assembly also heard a challenger by Cuba against the United States right to retain the naval base at Guantanamo Bay. (1:7)

President Kennedy nominated Lincoln Gordon, a Harvard professor with extensive government experience, to be Ambassador to Brazil. (10:1)

The National space agency announced that the Cape Canaveral rocket center was to be enlarged to more than five times its present size for manned flights to the moon and other missions. (10:6-7)

A Federal judge ruled out public funds as a means of financing segregated schools in Prince Edward County while public schools remained closed. (1:3)

U.N. names envoy to seek Palestine accord. (Page 3)

Nehru’s statement on Berlin angers Congress. (Page 6)

U.S. considers suspension of talks on Laos. (Page 9)

Singapore’s chief plans 1963 merger with Malaya. (Page 9)

Naga leader of moderates is slain. (Page 9)

Havana prevents 27 Americans’ leaving Cuba. (Page 7)

Kennedy asks business for foreign aid men. (Page 13)

U.S. to open center here for foreign newsmen. (Page 25)

Astronomers vote opposition to space project. (Page 10)

August 26, 1961

Walter Ulbricht told a Communist really in East Berlin that East Germany would not seek to control Allied communications with West Berlin until a peace treaty "has been signed." Also, that a previous warning to West Berlin about keeping the intracity border clear was limited to West Berliners and to "gatherings of a provocative nature." (1:8)

The United States, Britain and West Germany were reported to be urging France to join them in a proposal for early East-West contacts to discuss the Berlin situation. (1:7)

In Paris a Government spokesman said that a sharp, coordinated Western reply to the "lying and provocative" Soviet note implying a threat to Allied air access to Berlin would be dispatched speedily. (2:8)

President Janio Quadros of Brazil unexpectedly resigned, blaming forces of "reaction" for blocking his "efforts to lead the nation along the road to true political and economic liberation." Dr. Quadros had been pursuing an "independent" foreign policy leading to the re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Moscow and closer ties with "non-aligned" powers. (1:6-7)

A substantial majority of the United Nations called on France to negotiate her withdrawal from the Bizerte naval base in Tunisia. Sixty-six nations supported the resolution, none voted against, and thirty including the U.S. and Britain, abstained. (1:6-7)

The Pentagon ordered 76,500 members of the reserve military forces to active duty. Most of the reservists will be called to report by Oct. 1, but about 4,300 members of the 100th Infantry Training Division and some support units were ordered to Fork Polk, La., on Sept. 25 to open the base for expanded training activities. (1:5)

The Administration’s bill to establish a permanent Peace Corps was approved in the Senate by voice vote. (8:3)

The Department of Labor reported that the Consumer Price Index had jumped four-tenths of 1 per cent in July to another record. (1:4)

The Secretary of Labor Goldberg summoned both sides to meet in Washington Monday. (19:1)

U.N. flies troops to Katanga to disarm army. (Page 1)

Nehru backs Western access to Berlin. (Page 2)

Soviet twits U.S. civil defense but prepares own. (Page 3)

Mexican diplomat is slain in Havana suburb. (Page 5)

Tactical Air Command ready for Berlin crisis. (Page 7)

Rusk presses for U.S. disarmament agency. (Page 7)

Kennedy spending week-end on Cape Cod. (Page 8)

28 projects assigned to naval shipyards. (Page 40)

Flight engineers and national sign contract. (Page 40)

Satellite launched to study space dust. (Page 20)

Capt. Henry Stephenson, captured by U-boat. (Page 17)

August 27, 1961

In parallel notes delivered in Moscow, the Western powers told the Soviet Union yesterday that it had no jurisdiction over Allied flights into Berlin. They also reiterated a "solemn warning" against interference with those flights. The Western replies rejected as "false" a Soviet charge that they were abusing the use of the three air corridors between Western Berlin and West Germany. (1:8; Text, pg. 2)

As ambassadors of the Western powers demanded the reopening of border points in Berlin, the East German regime announced new restrictions over its citizens’ where they can live and work, and threatened them with what would amount to deportation to other areas in East Germany. (1:6-7)

Sources in Paris believe Paris will move toward a settlement on Bizerte because of the Algerian war and the Berlin situation. (1:4)

Joao Goulart, the Leftist Vice President of Brazil left the Far East to take over the Presidency vacated Friday by Janio Quadros. The Vice President was opposed by the War Minister and strife was feared. (1:5)

Moscow said Quadros had been compelled to resign because of pressure from the United States. (33:1)

The American Motors Corporation and the United Automobile Workers reached agreement in principle on a profit-sharing plan new in the auto industry. (1:1)

James R. Hoffa flew to Cincinnati to try to put down rebellion in the Midwest sector of his union. (70:3)

Quotation of the day: "I’d rather go than live under a man like Khrushchev, that’s for sure." ’ Pfc. Philip A. Visichio, Brooklyn reservist called to active duty. (43:3)

Belgrade parley may affect U.N. session. (pg. 12)

Congo and U.N. in bid to oust Belgian officers. (pg. 20)

U.S. popular with Indonesians despite Leftists. (pg. 27)

Brazil situation perils tie with Soviet. (pg. 30)

Brooklyn reserves ready for call to duty. (pg. 1)

Latin-Americans train at U.S. military school (pg. 29)

Kennedy is busy on disarmament agency. (pg. 47)

Atlanta Negroes demonstrate powerful voter role. (pg. 62)

August 28, 1961

The United States, Britain and West Germany were believed to have agreed on a note to the Soviet Union containing a guarded approach for East-West negotiations on Berlin. President de Gaulle was said to have withheld approval of the note despite a personal appeal from President Kennedy. The draft suggests that attendance at the U.N. next month would provide an opportunity for discussions. (1:8; Text, page 10)

Premier Khrushchev confirmed in writing a statement to Premier Fanfani that he was willing to negotiate with the West on Berlin and other European problems. (1:7)

East Berlin policemen fired a water gun at about 800 West Berliners. The crowd, which had thrown stones at the Communist policemen and booed propaganda broadcasts coming from a truck, was dispersed by West Berlin police. (1:8)

The Algerian rebels have named a Left-Wing extremist to replace Farhat Abbas, a relative moderate, as Premier of their Provisional Government. The reorganization indicates the nationalists will now move much closer to the Communist bloc. (1:4-5)

Immediate independence for British Guiana was asked by Dr. Cheddi Jagan, whose part won in last Monday’s general election. (1:4)

Brazil’s War Minister said the time had come to choose "between communism and Brazil." He spoke as Vice President Joao Goulart, a Leftist nationalist, was en route home to assume the Presidency. (1:4)

Violence broke out during anti-segregation picketing in Monroe, N.C. Fifteen pickets and three other persons were accused of inciting a riot. (1:2)

Havana is restoring funds to foreign envoys. (pg. 4)

Dalai Lama, in letter, says Tibetans starve. (pg. 5)

Russian, U.S. delegates resume nuclear talks. (pg. 12)

President is briefed on Brazil and Berlin. (pg. 16)

35 Democrats see danger of satellite monopoly. (pg. 25)

Police protection provided Guinean officials. (pg. 26)

Hoffa pledges to put down Teamster rebellion. (pg. 23)

H.F. Robertson, science adviser to President dies. (pg. 25)

August 29, 1961

Brazil’s military leaders announced their determination yesterday to prevent the country’s leftist Vice President, Joao Goulart, from assuming the Presidency. Acting President Mazzilli said the officers aimed to block Senhor Goulart’s return from a trip to Communist China. Senhor Goulart, stopping in Paris, said that, constitutionally, he already was President.

Argentine Foreign Minister Mugica resigned under fire over the recent visit of Maj. Ernesto Guevara of Cuba. (1:8)

Soviet delegates in Geneva ignored a new Western bid to break the deadlock. They said Moscow could not consider any controls except in the context of general disarmament. (1:5)

United Nations troops began rounding up white army officers in the Congo’s Katanga Province. President Tshombe acquiesced. (1:6-7)

Richard M. Nixon, still undecided on running for Governor of California, called on former President Eisenhower at Gettysburg. General Eisenhower assured him of support if he chose to run. (29:1)

Castro urges Brazilians to revolt. (pg. 1)

Moscow says foreign submarines spy on Soviet. (pg. 6)

U.N. group completes pact on the stateless. (pg. 11)

U.S. fears Brazilian crisis perils aid plan. (pg. 15)

Stevenson, defense aides back disarmament unit. (pg. 2)

Kennedy praises first Peace Corps group. (pg. 18)

Negroes try to end Memphis school curb. (pg. 21)

Pennsy seeks injunction against a strike. (pg. 24)

President hails Educational Theatre Association. (pg. 27)

Indonesia decrees 60-40 basis for oil concerns. (pg. 41)

August 30, 1961

The Brazilian Presidential crisis worsened as a powerful army Commander announced support yesterday for Vice President Goulart in his bid to assume the Presidency vacated by Janio Quadros. The nation’s military chiefs had forbidden Senhor Goulart to take over. (1:8)

Amid Western confusion on Berlin negotiations, Allied planners tentatively decided that the Western Big Four foreign ministers would meet in about two weeks, probably in Washington. (1:6)

Chancellor Adenauer warned President Kennedy that a neutralist mood could develop in West Germany if the Allies suffered further reverses. (1:7)

Moscow announced that some Soviet servicemen would be kept past their discharge dates until a peace treaty with East Germany was signed. (3:6)

East Germany has asked President Tito for support on Berlin. (1:7)

A Senate-House conference committee reached agreement last night on a five-year $7,200,000,000 foreign development loan program. It provides for annual appropriations rather than the Treasury borrowing requested by President Kennedy. However, the compromise would let the President make long-term commitments to help economically retarded countries. (1:4-5)

Atlanta officials took final steps to insure that the beginning of public school desegregation in Georgia would be peaceful today. Nine Negroes will be admitted to four previously all-white high schools. The preparations were the most extensive any Southern city has made. (21:2)

More Americans were employed this month than in any other August. But the total, 68,539,000, was not enough to cut an unemployment rate that hovered near 7 per cent for the ninth consecutive month. (20:3)

Uncommitted nations weigh Red threat. (pg. 2)

U.S. and British troops train in Berlin streets. (pg. 3)

U.S. views Castro plea as meddling in Brazil. (pg. 13)

McNamara asks cities to survey Civil Defense. (pg. 11)

Auto union agrees to put off strike. (pg. 1)

Pennsylvania strike may be averted by injunction. (pg. 18)

Lake carriers plead for Federal help. (pg. 66)

Talks on Coast unsuccessful in maritime strike. (pg. 66)

Puerto Rican group seeks $225,000 for aid. (pg. 35)

U.S. "doubly" careful of exports to Soviet bloc. (pg. 43)

U.S. sues to halt Chicago bank deal. (pg. 43)

Treasury lists purchases of foreign currencies. (pg. 43)

August 31, 1961

The Soviet Union announced early today it would resume testing of nuclear weapons. (1:8; Text, pg. 4)

The United States declared itself freed from its promise not to conduct nuclear test, but withheld any definite decision. President Kennedy recalled the chief United States negotiator at Geneva. (1:4; Text, pg. 5)

In East Berlin, A United States Army car with a captain and three sergeants was held for seventy-five minutes. The incident brought American tanks rumbling to the intracity border. (1:5-7)

President Kennedy announced that Gen. Lucius D. Clay would return to Berlin next month as his personal representative to enhance the United States’ "resources of judgment and action" in the besieged city. He also disclosed that the foreign ministers of the United States, Britain, France and West Germany would resume their planning for the Berlin crisis in Washington on Sept. 14. (1:6-7; Text, pg. 10)

Mr. Kennedy said that the United States, as well as the nonaligned nations that will attend the Belgrade conference, shared a commitment to "a world at peace in which nations have the freedom to choose their own political and economic systems. (1:7)

Without debate, the House erased any remaining hope for passage of school-aid legislation this year by killing the Administration’s compromise bill for public-school construction. (1:7)

A three-judge Federal court in New Orleans struck down Louisiana’s school-closing law. The law had permitted citizens of school districts to vote to abandon public schools that were faced with desegregation orders. (1:4; Excerpts from ruling, pg. 14)

In Atlanta, public school desegregation came peacefully to Georgia despite efforts by a few racists to disrupt the change. (1:3)

A two-year extension of the life of Civil Rights Commission was approved by the Senate. (14:5-6)

At his news conference Mr. Kennedy voiced concern of a steel price increase this fall, declaring it would set off an inflationary spiral and hurt the business recovery and the balance of international payments. (1:8)

Mr. Kennedy announced the appointment of Steuart L. Pittman, a Washington lawyer, as the Assistant Secretary of Defense in charge of civil defense. (17:4)

The Interstate Commerce Commission advocated before a Senate subcommittee directed Federal subsidies for essential railroad passenger services. (1:1) (Excepts, pg. 18)

Brazil’s military still rules out Goulart’s return. (pg. 1)

Denmark to accept joint command by NATO. (pg. 2)

West Berlin schools open without East Berliners. (pg. 2)

Poland stepping up military preparedness. (pg. 3)

Soviet announcement stirs radioactivity debate. (pg. 6)

Japan urges Soviet to reverse decision on tests. (pg. 7)

Trujillo’s widow, here, urges U.S. reconciliation. (pg 8)

U.N. African bloc hits "incidents" in U.S. (pg. 8)

President affirms hands-off policy on Brazil. (pg. 11)

Goulart, here, asserts he is President. (pg. 11)

Air Force launches Discoverer XXIX on Coast. (pg. 3)

St. Louis hotel forced to integrate pool. (pg. 16)

Court injunction blocks strike on Pennsy. (pg. 55)

Peace hopes rise in jet crew dispute. (pg. 54)

Red China plans gold sales in London. (pg. 35)