1-7 | 8-14 | 15-21 | 22-31

December 1, 1961

By acclamation the United Nations Political Committee agreed yesterday to seek a world agreement to halt the spread of nuclear weapons to countries that do not now have them. Another resolution, urging formation of a "non-nuclear club" for the same purpose was adopted over Western objections by a vote of 57 to 12, with 32 abstentions. The United States voted in opposition on the ground that this resolution might impose "harmful restrictions" on the right of peaceful nations "to protect themselves." (1, Col. 1)

In the Security Council the Soviet Union vetoed United Nations membership for Kuwait. Observers pondered the implications of Moscow’s breach with Cairo, which sponsored Kuwait’s admission, and its friendly gesture to Baghdad, which claims Kuwait as part of its own territory. (1:2)

Western delegates at the U.N. expressed confidence that they would defeat a Soviet attempt to expel Nationalist China from the General Assembly and hand over its seat to the Communist regime in Peiping. Consideration of the Chinese representation issue, which is expected to produce the hottest debate at this session of the Assembly, will begin today. (1:2-3)

Officials in Washington are considering the temporary recall of the United States Ambassador in South Vietnam if President Ngo Dinh Diem continues to resist suggestions for reform. The envoy would be brought home only for "consultations," but his journey would amount to a demonstration of Washington’s increasing concern over the situation in South Vietnam. (1:2-3)

The Defense Department has begun a nation-wide campaign to protect National Guardsmen and other reservists against possible job-discrimination and price-and-rent cheating. The Pentagon expressed particular "concern" over reservists who have been called to active duty or who may be subject to sudden mobilization. Officials said the campaign had been undertaken spontaneously and was not prompted by complaints. (1:7)

Mr. Rostow’s successor as President Kennedy’s Deputy Special Assistant for National Security Affairs is Carl Kaysen. Mr. Kaysen, a former Harvard economics professor, has been a staff assistant to McGeorge Bundy, head of the security affairs staff. (13:3-4)

Buckley as well as Mayor gets Kennedy bid to game. (23)

"Operation Abolition" film stirs Red issue. (7)

December 2, 1961

The United Nations General Assembly embarked yesterday on its first full-scale debate on who should represent China in the world organization. In a hard-hitting speech, Adlai E. Stevenson denounced Communist China for aggressions, "armed conquest" and "war-like threats." (1, Col. 8; Excerpts. 6)

The most important issue facing the United Nations is the Congo crisis, according to U. Thant. (1:4; Excerpts, 2)

Recent appeals by United States leaders for a "world community" were denounced by Moscow as a new form of imperialism. The newspaper Izvestia charged that such appeals were designed to have the United States achieve "world domination." (1:7)

Secretary of State Rusk declared that the billions being spent on foreign aid would be wasted unless the United States adjusts its trade policies to newly developing patterns of trade and somehow stabilizes world commodity prices. He urged support of the Administration’s proposal for new and broader authority to cut tariffs by whole categories of imports. (1:5)

A Federal grand jury indicted the Communist party of the United States for failing to register as a subversive group. The Justice Department moved swiftly to prosecute the party after its leaders failed to meet the registration deadline. (1:2-3)

The Government had good news for savings-bank depositors. It authorized the nation’s 13,100 commercial banks to pay higher interest rates beginning Jan. 1. The banks may pay up to 3 ’ percent on all savings and time deposits of six months or more and up to 4 per cent on deposits of a year or more. (1:2)

December 3, 1961

Walter Ulbricht, the chief of the East German Government, has denounced Western claims to unrestricted use of the 110-mile autobahn between West Germany and Berlin as "useless speculations." In a speech published yesterday, he also implied that President Kennedy’s proposal last week for international control of the autobahn would be unacceptable to the Communists. Herr Ulbricht denounced recent increases in United States military traffic on the highway as "cold war provocations" and flatly rejected the comment by an American Army spokesman that "it’s our autobahn and we can drive up and down it anytime we want to." (1, Col. 1)

The former head of United Nations operations in Katanga Province in the Congo charged that he had resigned because of a campaign of pressure against him by Britain and France. In a bitter statement, Dr. Conor Cruise O’Brien of Ireland said that Britain had been "particularly active" in the campaign, whose long-range objective, he maintained, was to intimidate members of the U.N. Secretariat from carrying out measures the two countries opposed. (1:2-3; Text, 32)

Adlai E. Stevenson told President Kennedy that he was thinking of running for the Senate in Illinois next year. Mr. Stevenson indicated that he would decide before Jan. 1 whether to resign as United States representative at the United Nations to oppose the third-term bid of Senator Dirksen, the Senate Republican leader. Friends report that Mr. Stevenson has found the United Nations post to be confining. (1:4)

December 4, 1961

The Soviet Government newspaper, Izvestia, published yesterday a lengthy reply to the Nov. 25 interview its chief editor had with President Kennedy. The paper accused the President of pursuing a "big stick" policy by suggesting that the autobahn between West Berlin and West Germany be placed under international control. It said that the idea was doomed to failure because it would impose a "humiliating procedure" on East Germany and it described Mr. Kennedy’s policy on Berlin and Germany as "obsolete." However, Izvestia added that in other areas he put forward "a lot of reasonable ideas." (1, Col. 8; Text, 8)

Izvestia also issued a warning to Denmark that her military cooperation with West Germany in NATO "complicated the situation of Denmark’s neutral neighbors." The warning was viewed as a hint that Moscow might cut short a delay granted to Finland on joint military talks. (1:8)

East Germany Army formations and laborers began narrowing the gaps at seven crossing points of the intra-city wall in Berlin. Shortly afterward Western troops in battle dress also moved up to the border and a platoon of United States infantrymen set up two machine guns and a bazooka at the Friedrichstrasse checkpoint. (1:6-7)

Although the United States and France have pressed Britain to allocate more of her troops to Europe, sources in London reported that British defense planning was still focused on global strategy. (1:7)

A boom in land has burst and has carried Iran to the brink of financial disaster. The United States has granted an extra $68,300,000 in emergency aid, but much more is needed. (1:3-6)

The United States Government, which has a research and development program of $10,000,000,000 a year, is facing what Administration officials regard as a serious crisis in its scientific ranks. Low pay is a big factor in signs of a large-scale exodus of the more capable scientists and engineers from Government service. The White House has move to meet this crisis and is considering asking Congress to increase the pay of senior scientists by 50 per cent. (1:2-3)

President Kennedy’s recent efforts to explain to reservists why they are in uniform again has apparently made little impression on them. (1:7)

December 5, 1961

President Kennedy announced yesterday that he and Prime Minister Macmillan would meet in Bermuda on Dec. 21 and 22. It will be their fourth conference since January. The meeting will follow a trip the President is believed planning to make to Venezuela and Columbia from Dec. 15 to 18. A high official stressed that the two leaders would discuss a number of major issues besides Berlin. (1, Col. 8)

On the Berlin problem, France was said to have told West Germany that she opposes the American proposal to renegotiate Bonn’s legal, political and economic ties with West Berlin. Washington had suggested the ideas as part of a proposed Berlin settlement. (1:7)

Hungary hinted she might pardon Cardinal Mindssenty, the Roman Catholic primate who has been in sanctuary in the United States legations since the 1956 uprising. Budapest said it was willing to discuss the Cardinal’s future in any future talks with Washington. (1:5-6)

All Federal agencies were directed by the President to recognize the "legitimate role" of employee organizations in formulating Government personnel policies and practices. However, the order rules out anything like the closed shop and Federal workers will not have to join employee groups. (27:2)

New regulations to bar passports for Communist party members were being drawn up by the State department. The move resulted from the Supreme Court’s approval of the order that requires the party to register. (17:2)

U.S. presents international space law in U.N. (22)

December 6, 1961

Fighting erupted yesterday between United Nations troops and Katangese forces in Elisabethville, capital of Katanga Provinces. (1, Col. 8)

The Indian Government disclosed a warning by Communist China that Chinese troops might be sent across the disputed frontier if alleged Indian incursions kept up. An angry Prime Minster Nehru asserted that India would repel them. (1:4)

Adlai E. Stevenson telephoned Mayor Daley of Chicago to tell him he had decided not to run for Senator from Illinois next year against Republican Senator Dirksen. Mr. Stevenson then told newsmen that President Kennedy wanted him to continue serving the nation in the field of foreign policy. (1:1)

A Pentagon request for a considerably higher defense budget than the present one in understood to be in the final phase of preparation. Defense officials are said to have agreed to seek a $51,000,000,000 appropriation from Congress. The current military budget, drawn up by the last Administration, totaled less than $43,000,000,000. (1:5)

A proposal that the Government set up a profit-making publicly owned corporation to run a communications satellite system has gone to President Kennedy’s desk. It is an alternative to a plan for a non-profit system owned by companies engaged in global communications. (30:1)

The President has revived the "E" flag that was given to companies for excellence in war output. Now it will be for excellence in exporting. (37:3)

To protect the country’s exports, former Secretary of State Acheson and other experts said the United States must associate with Europe’s Common Market. (1:5-6)

December 7, 1961

As the crisis deepened, Katanga President Tshombe took off from Paris for home, after bitterly attacking the United States for aiding the United Nations action. (5:1)

In Washington, the State Department said up to twenty-one more large transport planes would be loaned to ferry United Nations troops to Katanga. (1:7)

London sources suggested that the United States and Britain may have to consider negotiating with the Russians on Berlin without France. The British find the "empty chair" approach unattractive, but they believe such talks might succeed, because they would probably cover only a narrow front and be held at a relatively low level. (1:4)

Nikita Khrushchev sipped champagne at a Moscow reception and, commenting on President Kennedy’s recent Izvestia interview, observed that it would be a very long time before the President turned Communist. (21:3)

Earlier, the Soviet Government announced its budget for next year. Nearly one-sixth was earmarked directly for defense, the largest share since 1956. (1:5)

President Kennedy went before America’s top industrialists yesterday with an earnest appeal for support for "new and bold" powers to let him bargain tariff cuts with Europe’s Common Market on whole categories of items. Addressing a New York luncheon of the National Association of Manufacturers, he depicted his freer trade policy as a way of building more prosperity for Americans by increasing world commerce. (1:1; Text, 16)

In Europe, Mr. Kennedy’s ideas won praise from Common market officials and diplomats, who had been somewhat discouraged by the aim of American trade policy. (1:2)

After seeking industrial backing for his tariff plan, Mr. Kennedy flew to Florida to address a similar plea to the A.F.L.-C.I.O. convention at Bal Harbour today. He will be welcomed by a committee that will not include Walther F. Reuther, head of the United Auto Workers. Mr. Reuther was dropped from the group by George Meany in the latest manifestation of bad feeling between the two labor leaders. (1:6-7)

December 8, 1961

Concern of United States officials is whether the Soviet Union may have pulled ahead of the United States in some area of atomic weapons design, particularly in large-yield warheads for ballistic missiles. A preliminary analysis of the latest Soviet test series has disturbed Washington. (1:5)

Four thousand unionists warmly applauded an appeal by President Kennedy for support for his proposals to liberalize foreign trade. The President told the labor federation’s convention at Bal Harbour, Fla., that the program would help to evolve a "viable economy and full employment." Mr. Kennedy’s brisk speech drew a promise of unqualified support from George Meany, president of the federation. (1:1; Text, 18)

Mr. Kennedy’s opinion that he had made less of an impression on the business community was reflected by his comment that "it’s warmer here today than it was yesterday." (18:6-7)

Earlier, Mr. Kennedy delivered a rousing speech to a national convention of Young Democratic Clubs at Miami Beach. In the talk, which brought repeated cheers from an audience of about 3,000 persons, he called for concern about the nation’s real problems, such as peace, freedom and a better life, rather than outmoded political slogans. (20:3)

Governor Powell of New Hampshire named the state Attorney General Maurice J. Murphy Jr., to succeed the late Senator Styles Bridges. Mr. Murphy, who is 34 years old, is a conservative Republican. (29:2-4)

The characterization of television as a "vast wasteland" by Newton N. Minow, chairman of the F.C.C. was scored by Dr. Frank Stanton, president of the Columbia Broadcasting System (1:7), and by Robert W. Sarnoff, chairman of the National Broadcasting Company. (1:8)

December 9, 1961

At a news conference yesterday dominated by the Congo crisis, Secretary of State Rusk placed the United States staunchly behind the United Nations and Acting Secretary General U Thant. The Secretary said that Mr. Thant sought to restore freedom of movement for U.N. forces in Katanga Province and to carry out the United Nations’ mandate on reintegration of the country. And Mr. Rusk underscored Washington’s support for both these objectives. (1, Col. 8; Text, 6)

The British Government, which is torn by misgivings over the United Nations’ action in Katanga, decided to supply the U.N. force with twenty-four bombs provided they are used against aircraft and not against personnel. France expressed disapproval of the United Nations’ armed intervention. (1:7)

Secretary Rusk said at his news conference that the United States was urging non-Communist nations to rally to the defense of South Vietnam. To support the Secretary’s warning that the country was in "clear and present danger of Communist conquest," the State Department made public a booklet that he said "documents the elaborate program of subversion, terror and armed infiltration" against South Vietnam. (1:5)

Secretary of Labor Goldberg assured organized labor that there was "plenty of room" for wage increases under the Kennedy Administration’s economic policy. Mr. Goldberg told the convention of the labor federation at Bal Harbour, Fla., the "inequities do exist" and that the Administration did not propose "in any way to restrict the ability of collective bargaining to remove or solve these inequities." (1:1)

Mrs. Kennedy causes rush for UNICEF card. (29)

December 10, 1961

A study of the recent Soviet nuclear tests has convinced the Atomic Energy Commission that the balance of nuclear power still favors the United States. The commission said, however, that Soviet scientists had made "substantial progress" and had gained "much useful information" in about fifty detonations. (1:6-7; Text, 22)

Premier Khrushchev asserted that the West had nothing to match Soviet thermo-nuclear weapons that he said, have more power than 100 megatons. (20:4)

It became known that the Administration expected to ask Congress for a sharp increase in new Federal funds next year, perhaps $100,000,000,000 or more. In presenting his first budget, the President plans to estimate that actual spending will balance with revenues. At the present stage of preparation though, the balance has not yet been struck. The target is close to $9,000,000,000. (1:1)

The United States’ first attempt to harness an atomic explosion for peaceful uses is scheduled today in the New Mexico desert outside Carlsbad. Representatives of at least thirteen nations will be among the 400 observers as scientists detonate a nuclear bomb deep in a salt cavern. (52:3)

This country’s first ship designed exclusively for polar research is being outfitted on Staten Island. The vessel is scheduled to set sail about Feb. 1 for a year’s voyage off Antarctica. (50:5-7)

U.S. turns down Common Market on tariff cuts. (1)

President hails Kress art donations. (62)

December 11, 1961

A cadaverous-looking Adolf Eichmann was found guilty early today of crimes against the Jewish people. (1, Col. 8)

In the wake of opposition by the Katangese to the United Nations’ use of American planes, the U.S. consul urged all United States citizens to leave. Fighting between Katangese and United Nations forces continued. (1:6-7)

Albania announced that the Soviet Union had recalled its diplomatic mission from Albania and ordered the closing of the Albanian Embassy in Moscow. An Albanian official in the Soviet capital said that the widening of the division in the Communist bloc took place "on Soviet initiative." (1:4)

The foreign ministers of the United States, Britain, France and West Germany are in Paris to try to work out a common approach to negotiations with Moscow on Berlin. Today’s agenda also includes the problems of the Congo, South Vietnam and Laos. (1:5)

The Atomic Energy Commission the New Mexico desert outside Carlsbad with an unexpectedly volatile atoms-for-peace explosion. Project Gnome, the first in a projected series of non-military nuclear blasts, proved to be anything but a dwarf. It burst through its 1,200-foot-deep shaft, ignited a chemical charge prematurely and jolted observers five miles away. The explosion releases a stream of radiation and a rolling cloud of dust, but the commission said there was not immediate danger of residents of the area. (1:1)

The Federal Communications Commission played an extraordinary role in the lengthy maneuvers that ended last week by bringing an educational television channel to the New York area. It is understood that the plan could never have succeeded without the F.C.C.’s behind-the-scenes activities, which have aroused some controversy. (1:1-2)

December 12, 1961

All of Moscow’s original demands for a Berlin settlement were renewed by Soviet Ambassador Menshikov in a blunt speech to American newsmen. He indicated that negotiations would be useless unless the West was ready to meet the demands. (1:6)

A unanimous Supreme Court set aside the first student sit-in cases to reach it. (50:3)

A "hard-head and compassionate-heart" approach to the public welfare program was stressed by Secretary Ribicoff in announcing changes designed to end welfare abuses and help people get off the relief rolls. He said the changes were only a start and that he would ask Congress to overhaul the program further in January. (1:3; Text, 46)

Secretary of the Navy Connally announced his resignation to run for Governor of Texas. Another Texan, Fred Korth was appointed Secretary. (1:6)

A lower court decision that New Rochelle, N.Y., had segregated Negro public school pupils and must change the situation was left standing by the United States Supreme Court. (1:2)

December 13, 1961

Agreement between the United States and the European Common Market on a historic tariff-cutting pact was reported last night. Informed sources said the accord, which would sharply reduce tariffs, would be reached this month. The Common Market reportedly will make a 20 per cent cut in the common external tariff barriers it is now building. In return, the United States was said to have made much less extensive concessions, although American tariffs would be lowered as much as 20 per cent on foreign automobiles and some other products. (1, Col. 8)

On the eve of NATO’s ministerial conference in Paris, the Western Big Four foreign ministers agreed that the United States and British Ambassadors in Moscow should keep trying to find out what the recent tough Soviet talk on Berlin means. However, the Allies were still split on whether the diplomatic probing should lead to East-West negotiations. The French remained unenthusiastic, and the degree of their cooperation was problematical. (1:5)

In a note apparently timed for the NATO talks, Moscow demanded that the United States arrest General Heusinger of West Germany and turn him over to the Russians for trial as a war criminal. The former Wehrmacht officer heads the NATO military committee in Washington. United States officials dismissed the move as propaganda. (1:6, Text, 7)

Organized labor rejected President Kennedy’s plea for voluntary restraint in collective bargaining. Instead, it called for higher wages and shorter hours. That stand was set forth in two resolutions adopted unanimously by delegates to the A.F.L-C.I.O. convention in Bal Harbour, Fla. The resolutions ignored the White house request. They focused on hard-core, long term unemployment and a constantly growing economy. (1:2-3)

The divergent views of the Kennedy Administration and the nation’s largest farm group over agricultural policy were brought into open conflict in Chicago. Agriculture Secretary Freeman told the American Farm Bureau Federation convention it would be "disastrous" to let supply and demand control farm output and prices. But the federation was preparing a resolution that Government farm programs should be consistent with supply and demand. (20:5)

December 14, 1961

An appeal by Britain for an immediate cease-fire in Katanga met opposition by the United States, which declared there should be no cease-fire until United Nations forces there had achieved their "minimum objectives." Acting Secretary of State George W. Ball said at a Washington news conference that "we want a cease-fire as soon as feasible." But he said that ranking ahead of a cease-fire were the need and the right of the U.N. force "to protect itself, to maintain its freedom of movement and communications in order to discharge the mission given it by the Security Council and the General Assembly." (1:1; Text, 16)

Although the United States and its major allies were divided over the role of the United Nations in the Congo, the seemed fully agreed on one paramount aim; to reconcile the secessionist Government of Katanga with the Congolese central Government. (16:6-7)

Grandma Moses, the spry indomitable "genuine American primitive" who became one of the country’s most famous painters in her late seventies, died at Hoosick Falls, N.Y. Her age was 101. (1:3-4)

December 15, 1961

President Kennedy sought last night to end the Untied Nation’s conflict with Katanga Province and to bring Congolese leaders together to establish a confederation. Britain and other Western allies worked with the President on a plan for Premier Adoula of the central Government to meet with President Tshombe of Katanga. (1, Col. 8)

Mr. Kennedy’s moves were made against a background of strong Congressional criticism of the U.N. operation in Katanga and United States support of it. (1:8)

President Kennedy also was reported to have written to two Asian leaders, asking them not to use force to gain territory they regarded as theirs. He has sent notes to Prime Minister Nehru of India, whose forces threaten the Portuguese territory of Goa, and to President Sukarno of Indonesia, who has threatened to take Netherlands New Guinea from the Dutch. (1:6-7)

Adolf Eichmann was sentenced by an Israeli court today to death by hanging for his role in the deaths of 6,000,000 Jews during the Nazi era. (1:2-3)

The Administration proposed a $700,000,000 civil defense program designed to provide community fall-out shelters for 20,000,000 persons. Most of the money, for the fiscal year starting July 1, would be spent as matching grants to help schools, universities and other nonprofit institutions build public shelters. (1:6; Excerpts, 26)

Deputy Secretary of Defense Gilpatric took the occasion of a news conference to indicate that Reserve forces would again be mobilized for "cold-war" crises. (1:5)

The Administration’s position on the constitutionality of Federal aid to church-related schools was challenged in an eighty-two-page statement by lawyers for the Roman Catholic Church. They contended that the Constitution permits aid on a much broader scale than the Administration has been willing to concede. (1:2; Excerpts, 33)

U.S. backs plan to increase world monetary fund. (13)

Kennedy names panel on women’s rights. (34)

December 16, 1961

Katanga’s President Tshombe said he was willing to meet on neutral ground with Premier Adoula of the Congolese central Government. In a communiqué Mr. Tshombe also said that if a cease-fire in the Katanga fighting was arranged, it would have to be on the basis of the present positions of United Nations and Katanga forces. (1:6-7)

Months of vigorous campaigning and pressure by the United States bore fruit when the General Assembly rejected a Soviet-sponsored proposal to seat Communist China in the United Nations. The vote was 48 to 37 with 19 abstentions. The vote against admitting the Peiping Government was slightly larger than it was last year and amounted to a firmer United States victory than had been expected. (1:4)

In efforts to tie the economies of two countries closer to the non-Communist world the United States had made two decisions. It will lend Ghana $133,000,000 for the construction of a huge hydroelectric project on the Volta River. (1:7)

And Washington will sell to Yugoslavia more surplus commodities, including 500,000 tons of wheat and 30,000 tons of edible oils. (1:6)

President Kennedy started his week-end journey to Latin America with a warm and enthusiastic welcome from hundreds of thousands of resident s of San Juan, Puerto Rico. In an airport speech, he said that Puerto Rico "serves as an admirable bridge between Latin America and North America." The President will arrive in Caracas, Venezuela, today, and go on to Bogota, Columbia tomorrow. (1:5)

Judge Wright is name to U.S. Appeals Court. (18)

December 17, 1961

Government officials in Spain were highly gratified by a visit to Madrid by Secretary of State Rusk, who was on his way home from the NATO meeting in Paris. Mr. Rusk praised Spain warmly as an ally of the United States, and he cited the continuing importance of what he termed the "triangle" relationship between the United States, Spain and the nineteen Spanish-speaking nations of Latin America. (1:5)

Mr. Kennedy told the people of Venezuela that the "new spirit of this hemisphere requires the elimination of all tyranny, until this is a continent from north to south of free men living under a system of liberty." His welcome was warm, but crowds were generally thinner than might have been expected. Many persons were kept away probably by threatening weather and a multitude of security measures. (1:1; Text, 37)

Hundreds of aroused Negroes, led by the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., marched on the City Hall in Albany, Ga., for a protest prayer meeting. About 150 of them, including Dr. King, were arrested. The demonstration followed the breakdown of negotiations to settle a week-long racial controversy, sparked by the refusal to city officials to release 230 Negroes being held in jail. (1:2)

December 18, 1961

India launched a full-scale invasion of Goa early today and moved into Portugal’s two other enclaves on India’s west coast. (1, Col. 8)

The invasion aroused dismay and consternation in Washington and set off intense diplomatic activity at the State Department. The United States was considering whether to take the crisis to the United Nations Security Council if Portugal did not immediately move to do so. (1:6)

President Kennedy received word that Congolese Premier Adoula was willing to confer with Mr. Tshombe. Mr. Kennedy asked the United States Ambassador to the Congo to fly to Elisabethville to escort Mr. Tshombe to the proposed meeting and return him safely. (1:4)

President and Mrs. Kennedy were flying home early today from their South American trip. Yesterday half-a-million people, nearly half the population of Bogota, Columbia, turned out to give a rousing welcome to the Kennedys. (1:1; Text 14)

Mr. Kennedy had just arrived from Caracas, where he was tendered a cheering send-off from thousands of Venezuelans. United States and Venezuela officials were jubilant at the friendly public response to the President’s twenty-four-hour visit and the absence of hostility to it. In bidding him farewell, President Betancourt said: "We receive as friends those who are our friends." (14:1; Text, 14)

Former President Eisenhower has given strong support to the program to liberalize foreign trade that President Kennedy will send to Congress early in the new year. General Eisenhower made known his view after a long talk with Christian A. Herter, Secretary of State in his Administration. (1:2)

The Justice Department is changing its position on wiretapping by state and local law-enforcement officials. The department now believes that such tapping should be allowed only in seeking evidence of certain serious crimes and then only under specified procedural safeguards. (24:4)

December 19, 1961

The Indian Government announced in New Delhi that Indian troops had captured Goa and two other Portuguese enclaves with only minor casualties on both sides. (1:8)

Adlai E. Stevenson warned the Security Council early today that the United Nations was in danger of dying as the result of a Soviet veto killing a Western resolution to tend the Indian invasion of Goa. The resolution would have urged India to accept an immediate cease-fire and recall her invasion troops from Goa and two other Portuguese enclaves on the Indian coast. (1:5; Text, 14)

Moscow, however, hailed the invasion as a liberation drive and accused the United States of hypocrisy in its criticism of India’s military moves. Observers believed the Russians were trying to fan resentment against NATO, to which both Portugal and the United States belong. (1:8)

Negro groups and the Justice Department were dismayed when the Supreme Court refused to order a temporary halt to the prosecution of Freedom Riders in Jackson, Miss. (1:2)

A sharp pay increase at the top levels of Government is being considered by the Kennedy Administration. Congress may be asked to raise the present $18,500 Civil Service ceiling to $25,000 to make Federal careers more competitive with private jobs. (1:6)

Lleras says Kennedy awakens Latin hopes. (2)

U.S. refuses Moscow note on Heusinger. (3)

December 20, 1961

Premier Adoula of the Congo and President Tshombe of secessionist Katanga Province flew to the United Nations air base at Kitona yesterday for talks on the Congo’s future. Dr. Ralph V. Bunche and other senior members of the United Nations Secretariat were ready to act as mediators, if required. (1:8)

Meanwhile, the United Nations’ current financial condition was so bad that the Budgetary Committee approved a $200,000,000 bond issue to head off collapse. (1:7)

Thanks to the Soviet veto of a Western cease-fire proposal, Western delegates felt India "had gotten by" with the take-over and it was predicted that the West would raise no further opposition. (1:1)

Acting Secretary General Thant of the United Nations urged the Netherlands and Indonesia not to endanger peace and security in their dispute over Dutch New Guinea. Terming the situation "serious," he suggested negotiations. (1:2)

In Washington, the Indonesian Ambassador indicated that Jakarta would like the United States to offer its help in solving the problem. (4:4)

In an apparent answer to criticisms and complaints from Reservists and Guardsmen called to active duty, the Army has issued a pocket-size pamphlet entitled "Why Me?" It explains the Administration’s reasons for the current call-up. (1:4; Text, 22)

New York State has won its court battle to obtain permanent injunction against Newburgh’s tightened welfare regulations. (1:5)

December 21, 1961

After a period of sharp fighting, Katanga Province was restored to the Congo at the conference table. Moise Tshombe, Prime Minister of the rich province, which had attempted to secede from the new nation, and Cyrille Adoula, Congolese Premier, agreed on unity after fifteen hours of negotiations at the heavily guarded United Nations base at Kitona. (1:8)

Secretary of State Dean Rusk met in executive session with six members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee yesterday as criticism mounted against the Administration’s support for the United Nations action in the Congo. Mr. Rusk endorsed the defense of United States Congo policy made by Under Secretary of State George W. Ball in a speech at Los Angeles. (1:7; Text 6:4)

President Kennedy meets with Prime Minister Macmillan of Britain today in Bermuda. The meeting was confirmed after physicians informed the President that the condition of his father, Joseph P. Kennedy, would permit him to leave Palm Beach, Fla., overnight. (1:3-4)

The elder Mr. Kennedy has been in serious condition in St. Mary’s Hospital in West Palm Beach since he suffered a stroke on Tuesday. (15:1)

President Kennedy hailed what he called the "solution to the political difficulties" of the Dominican Republic. He promised the "sympathetic and tangible support" of the United States in the Dominican attempt to establish a democratic regime. (1:3; Text 16)

U.S. penalizes illegal shipments to Cuba. (16)

December 22, 1961

The agreement between Mr. Tshombe and Congolese Premier Adoula was welcomed in Washington "as a firm commitment" to a unified Congo. (1:7)

President Kennedy and Prime Minister Macmillan began two days of wide-ranging talks in a five-hour meeting at Bermuda’s Government House. The two leaders discussed the Congo, Berlin and nuclear testing and hear their experts report that the Soviet Union had made progress in developing an anti-missile missile. (1:4, Text, 8)

The Army announced that its Nike Zeus anti-missile missile had successfully intercepted a missile in flight for the first time. It released photographs of the Zeus weapon intercepting a Nike Hercules anti-aircraft missile in a test over New Mexico. (1:2-3)

U.S. stops jet-fuel purchases from Japan. (6)

December 23, 1961

Two days of discussions between President Kennedy and Prime Minister Macmillan ended yesterday with an agreement to seek renewed diplomatic contacts with the Soviet Union on Berlin. This would be done by the United States Ambassador in Moscow, assisted by the British Ambassador. A communiqué following the talks at Bermuda’s Government House also announced agreement that preparations should be made for a resumption of nuclear weapons testing in the atmosphere and that reports form the Congo held some promise of progress there. (1:8; Text 10)

Early optimistic reports from the Congo on the agreement to end Katanga’s succession received a jolt when the province’s Council of Ministers withheld action on the agreement, declaring it had been "imposed" on President Tshombe. Observers expressed the view that the Katangese Government had no intention of approving it. (1:6-7)

Nonetheless, Congolese Premier Adoula said that his Government would hold Mr. Tshombe to his pledges. And Mr. Adoula denied Katangese charges of United States diplomatic interference during his seventeen-hour conference with Mr. Tshombe. (3:1)

United Nations Under-Secretary Ralph J. Bunche, who had helped to arrange the Congo peace accord, also denied Soviet charges that the United States had influenced his role. (1:7; Text 2)

U.S. weights sale of cotton to U.A.R. (35)

December 24, 1961

East German guards demanded that three civilian aides of the United States commander show identification papers. Although the commander, Maj. Gen. Albert Watson 2d, in uniform and in an Army car, was not required to present papers, he turned around at the Friedrichstrasse crossing point and canceled an appointment with the Soviet commandant. General Watson called the incident a "calculated affront" and sent a stiff protest to the Russians. A United States spokesman said that the Russians apparently intended to break off all contacts with American officials in Berlin. (1:8)

United States-British determination to renew East-West diplomatic exchanges over Berlin met with official skepticism in Moscow. The Soviet Government newspaper Izvestia , asserted that the communiqué issued Friday by President Kennedy and Prime Minister Macmillan looked like delaying action by the West. (2:4)

Washington’s aid was sought by the Netherlands to pave the way for negotiations with Indonesia on the dispute over Netherlands New Guinea. (1:2)

In a sudden change of policy, the United Nations disclosed it had accepted 1,000 troops from the Congolese Army into its force in the Congo. The announcement came shortly after United Nations authorities had charged that Northern Rhodesian officials permitted forty-eight armed jeeps to cross into Katanga Province. (1:5)

President Nasser declared that Egypt would nationalize all foreign-owned land in the country. In a nation-wide radio address, he said Egypt was progressing in a revolution to establish a classless society. (1:7)

The Administration is devising a new strategy to get President Kennedy’s tax bill through Congress. Under the plan, the President will link the measure to the urgent need for foreign-trade liberalization and label it the "first test" of the new leadership of the House. The bill was proposed last April and stalled first by business opposition and then by the pressure of adjournment. The measure has been tailored to meet some objections of opponents, but passage is uncertain. (1:2)

President Kennedy announced that he would appoint John Moors Cabot of Massachusetts as Ambassador to Poland. (18:4-5)

December 25, 1961

The apparent decision of Communist officials to heighten tension over Berlin during the Christmas season was the subject of a sharply worded note from the United States Ambassador in West Germany to the Soviet Ambassador in East Germany. In the note, Walter C. Dowling protested restrictions imposed this week on the movement of American officials in East Berlin. (1:8)

President Kennedy spent part of his Christmas Eve in a meeting with President Frondizi of Argentina. An announcement afterward implied that Mr. Kennedy had won Dr. Frondizi’s endorsement of a meeting of the foreign ministers of the hemisphere on Cuba’s ties with the Soviet bloc. (1:6)

President Kennedy’s father, who has been partly paralyzed by a stroke, was stricken by pneumonia and underwent surgery to relieve congestion. The operation, a tracheotomy, lasted fifty minutes and it was pronounced successful. (1:5)

December 26, 1961

The bright hopes of some Government officials and scientists that space communications would become a lucrative multi-billion-dollar venture are beginning to fade. After taking a second look at its initial ideas, the Administration now believes that any system of communication satellites will be unprofitable for years to come. (1:2-3)

Extensive shifts in Army and Navy high commands are due in the next year because of scheduled retirements. The make-up of the Joint Chiefs of Staff may also change. President Kennedy has yet to indicate whether he will reappoint the chairman, General Lemnitzer, and the Army’s Chief of Staff, General Decker. (1:4)

Nasser to oust all French nationals in U.A.R. (Page 4)

December 27, 1961

New reports that Northern Rhodesia was directly aiding Katanga Province in its fight against the United Nations were filed yesterday by the world organization’s officials in the Congo. (1:8)

Washington was concerned about an international rift of its own. Officials predicted difficult negotiations with Portugal next year for renewal of air and naval base rights in the Azores. Portugal is bitter over American criticism of colonialism and of her polities in Angola, which the Portuguese feel spurred the Indian invasion of Goa. (1:4-5)

American negotiations with Japan, however, ended in compromise. After seven years of intermittent talks, the two nations decided that Japan should pay $490,000,000 to settle her post-war foreign aid debt to the United States. (1:6-7)

Connecticut’s top Democratic leaders disclosed that Secretary Ribicoff would leave President Kennedy’s Cabinet to run for the Senate, if nominated in June. (24:5)

U.S. limits its role in New Guinea talks. (Page 8)

December 28, 1961

The Congolese Government and Belgium announced the resumption of Diplomatic relations after a seventeen-month break. (2:2)

A British aircraft carrier, two frigates and a tank-landing ship sailed toward the Persian Gulf to discourage and Iraqi attempt to invade Kuwait. British troops in Kenya Cyprus and Bahrain were alerted. British officials believe that Iraq has been emboldened by India’s successful invasion of former Portuguese enclaves in India. (1:2)

U.S. in new pleas to Sukarno on New Guinea. (Page 5)

December 29, 1961

In an effort to help solve the United Nations’ financial crisis, President Kennedy will ask Congress next month to authorize the Government to buy up to half of a $200,000,000 bond issue. The issue was voted by the General Assembly last week because of the refusal of the Soviet Union and some other members to help pay for the U.N.’s military operation in the Congo and on the Israeli-Egyptian border. The deficit is now more than $100,000,000. (1:2-3)

The Justice Department asked a Federal court to strike down a Louisiana law requiring voter applicants to pass a Constitution interpretation test. In the Department’s first broad attack on the constitutionality of a state voting law on its face, it said that the test was a device to keep Negroes from registering and voting. (1:1)

Mrs. Edith Bolling Wilson, widow of former President Woodrow Wilson, died at the age of 89. (1:4-5)

December 30, 1961

United States authorities in Berlin have barred the Soviet Commandant in East Berlin and his chief adviser from entering the American sector. The move was in reprisal for the actions of East German border guards who forced two high United States officials to cancel meetings with Soviet authorities in East Berlin last week. (1:5)

The immediate hope for a meeting to form a coalition Government in Laos collapsed with the departure from Vientiane of Prince Souphanouvong. He decided to leave after Prince Boun Oum, the Laotian Premier, again refused to attend a session. (1:6-7)

The Defense Department created a task force to prepare for possible resumption of nuclear tests in the atmosphere. In making the announcement, the Pentagon emphasized that the tests would be conducted only when the President authorized them. (1:4)

C. Allan Stewart named Venezuela envoy. (Page 6)

Soldiers protest taking part in Zanuck movie. (Page 6)

December 31, 1961

Persons close to President Kennedy disclosed yesterday that he believed that 1961 produced few Communist gains and some encouraging signs for the West but no significant easing of "cold war" tensions. The President is said to believe that the danger of general war has not diminished since he took office last January, although the threat that then existed in Laos is not now so immediate. In Mr. Kennedy’s views, the balance of power still favors the West, but only marginally. It can continue to do so, he thinks, but not to such a degree that the West can gain unlimited freedom of action in the world. (1:8)

The Kennedy Administration published a new civil-defense booklet designed to tell the American public "what to know and what to do" in the event of a thermonuclear attack. The forty-eight page, yellow jacketed booklet has been in the making since August and many high Administration officials including the President had a hand in the editing. Beginning Tuesday, the pocket-sized booklet will be distributed free to the public at 31,000 post offices and 790 state and local civil defense offices across the nation. (1:7)

Paul M. Butler, former chairman of the Democratic National Committee, died in Washington of a heart attack. (1:4-5)

The Administration’s relief program on the Cuban refugee problem in Miami is in full swing, and Welfare Secretary Ribicoff says that more than 2,000 have been resettled from Florida to other parts of the country. (18:5)