1-7 | 8-15 | 15-21 | 22-31

January 20, 1961

Mother Nature rolled out a white carpet for John Fitzgerald Kennedy yesterday, the eve of his inauguration as the thirty-fifth President of the United States. The snow, six inches of it, snarled traffic, disrupted air travel, chilled thousands of visiting Democrats and raised the possibility that today’s program and the four-hour parade to follow might be affected. (1:7)

Nevertheless, Mr. Kennedy calmly went about the task of preparing for his new responsibilities -- reviewing the world situation for two hours with President Eisenhower; meeting with advisors, Governors and labor leaders, and announcing an appointment. (1:8)

As for the problems of the Kennedy Administration, one observer finds them much more difficult than the nation has yet come to believe and foresees that in the long run the solutions are likely to be more radical than anything in American politics since the first Roosevelt Administration. (1:5-6)

The Soviet Communist Party conceded that food output had fallen short of objectives. Party leaders approved Premier Khrushchev’s demands for a complete reorganization of the planning, administration and management of the Soviet Union’s farming. (1:5)

As Washington and London moved close to agreement on reviving the International Control Commission on Laos, (2:3), former Premier Souvanna Phouma bitterly blamed the United States in general and Under Secretary of State Parsons in particular for the civil war in his country. (1:3)

House Republicans agreed to fight the planned enlargement of the Rules Committee (17:3)

A Senate panel gave its approval to Chester Bowles after it heard the Under Secretary of State-designate vigorously oppose Red China’s recognition and U.N. entry. (2-1 and 2)

Kennedy is 6th President produced by Harvard. (pg. 13)

"Voice’s" world converges to set a record. (pg. 14)

Nixon leaves door open for candidacy in 1964. (pg. 16)

January 21, 1961

The first day on the New Frontier was cold and blustery, but throngs of celebrating Democrats, aided by the all-night efforts of 3,000 laborers and soldiers, conquered and tangled traffic to see John Fitzgerald Kennedy inaugurated as President. (12:2-4)

After barely four hours sleep, the youthful Kennedy appeared at ease and unafraid on assuming the responsibilities of leadership of the nation and the free world. His Inaugural Address called for a "grand and global alliance" to combat tyranny, poverty, disease and war. And he said the nation was ready for serious negotiation with the Soviet Union. (1:8, Text, pg.8)

President Kennedy buckled down to work almost at once signing the official nominating papers for his Cabinet and calling his White House staff to be on duty at 8:45 A.M. today. (1:8)

The new President's long and tiring day of triumph began at 8:54 when he stepped out into the icy Georgetown air to go to church. He stopped in for a coffee with President Eisenhower at the White House before the ceremony and wound up his day making the rounds at the Inaugural Balls. (11:1)

In between, there was the Inaugural Parade. And as the President had warned, it wasn’t easy on the New Frontier for 32,000 marchers. Majorette’s legs turned blue, baton twirlers’ fingers froze and the nation’s beauty queens were driven to flannels and overcoats. (1:5-6)

The first hand President Kennedy shook after taking the oath, except for Chief Justice Warren’s was that of the man he had defeated, Richard M. Nixon. (12:5)

Reaction to President Kennedy’s Inaugural was almost universally favorable. (10:1)

Congressmen of both parties vied with one another in grasping for superlatives: "brilliant, magnificent, superb, first-class, awfully good and great." (1:6-7)

At the U.N., too, there was general approval among the few top level diplomats who had beat New York’s snowstorm. (10:7-8)

Premier Khrushchev and President Brezhnev cabled President Kennedy their hopes for a "radical improvement" in Soviet-American relations, as the Soviet press bade farewell to Mr. Eisenhower with a sigh of relief and a bitter denunciation. (1:4)

Strolka, the canine space traveler, had given birth to six healthy pups. (3:3-4)

Premier Castro greeted the Kennedy inauguration by starting the demobilization of thousands of militia alerted to a "Yankee invasion" and by offering to bury the political hatchet with the new administration. (1:5)

The Federal Government filed a suit against the state of Alabama and Bullock County registrars, charging discrimination against prospective Negro voters by requiring them to be supported by two persons previously registered as voters. (46:1)

Frost brings poetry "into affairs of statesmen." (pg. 9)

Administration faces an early patronage policy. (pg. 13)

African envoys protest prejudice in U.S. (pg. 4)

London gold market reports heavy buying. (pg. 28)

January 22, 1961

A firm proposal embodying Western suggestions for reviving the International Control Commission on Laos was presented to the Soviet Government for approval yesterday. The proposal suggests that the commission act in close cooperation with the Laotian King, thus sidestepping the dilemma of whether it should "recognize" the American-supported regime of Premier Boun Oum or the Soviet-sponsored Souvanna Phouma now in Cambodian exile. (1:1)

In once again declaring its solidarity with the Soviet Communist party, the Chinese Communist Central Committee said that the United States was the main enemy of the peoples of the world. The statement, which reaffirmed its belief that a world war could be avoided, came after the committee’s first full meeting since 1951. (1:2-3)

Premier Khrushchev chose President Kennedy’s first full day in office to call in Ambassador Thompson for a surprise conference on cold war problems. (1:5)

President Kennedy in a cabled response to Mr. Khrushchev’s congratulations, welcomed his bid for a fundamental change in relations. (1:6)

No one danced at the Inaugural Balls while President Kennedy was there, and the crowd probably could have stared all night. But after an exhausting evening of making the rounds -- he finally got home to the White House at about 3:30 A.M. (43:4-5)

The President issued an Executive Order to double the rations of surplus foods provided by the Federal Government to approximately 4,000,000 needy persons across the nation. (1:8)

President Kennedy welcomed back to the White House former President Truman for his first visit to the Executive Office there since 1/19/53. (1:8)

President Kennedy attended a post-inaugural gathering of Democratic National Committee, providing a five-minute wit-spiced talk and subjecting himself to twenty minutes of handshaking. John Bailey was duly installed as the National Chairman. (1:7; Text, pg. 47)

Members of the Kennedy Cabinet took the oath of office. Also confirmed and sworn in was Adlai E. Stevenson, the new chief delegate to the U.N. who has Cabinet rank. (49:1)

Mrs. Kennedy to redecorate White House rooms. (pg. 41)

January 23, 1961

President Kennedy scarcely slackened his pace for Sunday. Indeed, he started his day by walking part of the way to church -- bareheaded and briskly -- after stopping at his old Georgetown home to pick up his morning newspaper from the stoop and dropping in on a neighbor. (12:1)

In Moscow, there was still no editorial comment on the Kennedy inaugural. (10:5)

President Kennedy established a special panel to advise him on problems of ethics in government and conflicts of interest. Heading it will be Calvert Magruder, a retired Appeals Court chief judge. (1:2-3)

It was learned that Labor Secretary Goldberg expects to share in the shaping of the Kennedy Administration’s economic policy beyond the confines of matters that are purely "labor." (1:67)

Bearing a message of concern from the President, Secretary Goldberg flew here from Washington and joined Governor Rockefeller and Mayor Wagner in efforts to end the paralyzing harbor strike. (1:8)

Southern Assembly opposes U.S. aid to colleges. (pg.17)

January 24, 1961

A preference for quiet, unpublicized normal diplomatic channels over summit-style conferences was agreed upon by President Kennedy and Secretary of State Rusk during a five-hour meeting yesterday on global security policies. (1:1)

Mr. Hammarskjöld reported that he had been unable to reach an "acceptable agreement" on racial problems when he was in South Africa recently. (6:3)

Passengers aboard a large Portuguese cruise ship in the Caribbean seized command of the vessel after a gun and grenade fight in which an officer of the ship was killed. United States and British warships were moving to intercept the vessel. (1:3)

A Soviet magazine reports that eleven American crewmen shot down in 1958 parachuted and were captured near the Armenian capital of Yerevan. The article gives the West the first purported account of the fate of the missing airmen, but does not say where they are now. (1:4)

West Germany is moving toward making an offer of $1,200,000,000 in payments of various kinds as its contribution to the solution of the balance-of-payments problem perplexing the United States. (1:5)

The Republican minority of the House of Representatives voted overwhelmingly to oppose a liberalization of the Rules Committee. G.O.P. leaders contend that the Democrats want liberalization through "a packing" of the committee. (1:2)

The paralyzing harbor strike is over. It was settled with the help of Secretary of Labor Goldberg in a marathon session at Governor Rockefeller's office. The negotiators agreed to put off the crucial crew-size issue until the White House completed a study. (1:8)

Kennedy to have Bailey Handle patronage. (Page 13)

West Presses Soviet on new test offer. (7)

Police keep lonely vigil to guard President. (3)

State jobless cut as number of employed rises. (20)

January 25, 1961

President Kennedy decided to seek a brief postponement of the nuclear test ban talks with Britain and the Soviet Union that were due to resume in Geneva Feb. 7. White House aides said that the Administration wanted more time to draw up its disarmament position. (1:4)

Government officials expressed disappointment at the contribution that West Germany is prepared to make toward a solution of the United States balance of payments problem. (1:7)

President Joseph Kasavubu of the Congo asked the United Nations Security Council to look into the alleged smuggling of arms into parts of his country by the United Arab Republic. (1:8)

The new President also selected his personal physician. She is Dr. Janet G. Travell of New York, the first woman ever chosen for the post. (1:3-4)

Salinger moves to assure free news flow. (Page 20)

January 26, 1961

President Kennedy, for his first news conference since taking office, announced release by Moscow of two survivors of the downed RB-47 held prisoner since July 1, 1960. (1:8)

On other foreign policy matters, the President made these points to his national radio and television audience:

He gave strong assurances that the United States would act to meet the balance of payments and gold problems, saying "the dollar must be protected, the dollar can be protected in its present value." (1:4)

He said he was "extremely interested" in a better life for Latin Americans and welcomes progressive regimes that promise it. He ruled out renewing ties with Cuba at the present time. (1:7)

He said he wanted to delay resumption of nuclear test-ban talks to allow time to work out a new and detailed program to present to the Russians. (12:4)

A United States patrol plane found the rebel-held Portuguese liner Santa Maria far out in the Atlantic and was told that she was bound for the Portuguese West African colony of Angola. Her captor, Capt. Henrique Galvao, refused a request that he reverse course and proceed to Puerto Rico. Now, weather permitting, she will be kept in sight by American patrol planes until she is intercepted or makes port. (1:1)

With the sighting came a retreat by the State Department and the Pentagon from the assumption that the liner’s seizure was an act of piracy. Officials said that the question of whether piracy had been committed could be resolved only upon interception of the ship and an investigation. (1:203)

The Kennedy Administration made it clear that there would be few changes in the $80,900,000 budget inherited from the Eisenhower Administration. However, Budget Director Bell left the way open for major increases if necessary. (1:5)

At his news conference, President Kennedy disclosed that he had asked the new Democratic national chairman to try to end New York’s party squabbling. This gave new life to reports that Michael Prendergast, the state chairman, would be offered an attractive Federal post that would take him out of politics. (1:2-3)

White House praises paper on delaying fliers news. (Page 11)

President bids Congress act on job aid. (Page 16)

January 27, 1961

Portugal, viewed with deep displeasure reports of a retreat by Washington over whether the seizure could legally be called "piracy." (2:5-6) And in Britain, Portuguese exiles launched a long-planned propaganda campaign against the Salazar regime, taking account of the seizure. (2:1)

The White House announced that President Kennedy would personally welcome back the two RB-47 airmen released by the Russians. (1:6-7) In Moscow, it was reported that Premier Khrushchev had personally taken the initiative in their release to show his desire to improve relations. (3:1)

At the United Nations, Secretary-General Hammarskjöld told the Security Council that it might be necessary to remove the U.N. force from the Congo because of the withdrawal of military contingents by Asian and African states. (1:5)

The Government of Laos said that it had cried "wolf" when it charged the Communist North Vietnamese with invasion and then appealed to the U.N. and SEATO for help. It said the move had been intended only as internal propaganda. (1:7)

President Kennedy sat dawn with his Cabinet for the first time. The President indicated his Administration would move swiftly to check the economic decline and assist millions of unemployed, and scheduled a major conference for today toward that end. A likely move was said to be the extension of compensation for the idle, many of whom have exhausted their benefits. (1:8)

A conference of 450 farm leaders called by Mr. Kennedy to forge a uniform agriculture policy ended in Washington just about where it started ’ divided. (6:2)

Brentano-Kennedy meeting is tentatively set. (Page 4)

Kennedy publishes one of two reports on payments. (Page 4)

Hodges opposes a transportation department. (Page 10)

January 28, 1961

President Kennedy extended a welcoming hand yesterday to the two RB-47 fliers released by Moscow. (1:3-4) His administration extended a guarantee to the captors of the Portuguese ship Santa Maria that the United States would take no action against them or the vessel if they debarked the passengers. The terms were accepted by the insurgent leader, Henrique M. Galvao, and the place of taking off the passengers was being negotiated by the Navy. (1:8)

The Kennedy Administration through Secretary of State Rusk made it clear that while it intended to make full use of its Ambassadors, it was not irrevocably opposed to summit meetings. (1:6) At the same time, U. N. Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson indicated in his first news conference there that the President would be glad to meet Premier Khrushchev should the Russian attend the March session of the General Assembly. However, he said any meeting would in no sense be a summit conference. (1:5)

President Kennedy met with his Treasury, Labor, and Welfare Secretaries and the Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, and afterward it was indicated he would ask Congress on Monday for an immediate temporary injection Federal funds into unemployment compensation. The money would be in outright grants to the states for payments to those idle whose benefits have expired. Their number is about half a million. (1:1)

Meanwhile, the Kennedy Administration ordered stiff controls on "tough-talking" policy speeches or other "inadvisable" statements by generals and admirals, and then proceeded to follow through. Admiral Burke, Chief of Naval Operations, was told to rewrite almost completely a speech discussing Soviet relations, which was said to have "appalled" the White House and State Department. (1:3)

The labor Department reported that consumer prices hit a hew high in December, with food and housing costs spurring the rise. It was the fourth consecutive increase in the index and the seventeenth in the last twenty-one months. (1:2)

In a retreat from massive resistance to Federal court orders, the Georgia Legislature approved repeal of public school segregation laws. This leaves to the local communities the question of keeping schools open, even if it means at least token integration. (1:4)

January 29, 1961

President Kennedy sat down at the White House for two and a half hours with a group of his highest aides and advisers, including the Vice President, Secretaries of State and Defense and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The group considered "over-all world problems." and it was assured that prominent among them was relations with the Soviet Union. (1:6)

In line with the Administration's reappraisal of major world problems, the State Department recalled its Ambassador in Leopoldville for consultations on the still simmering Congo situation, including this role of the United Nations there. (3:1)

Washington announced it planned to send 150 young teachers to Africa this year in a pilot project to test the practicality of President Kennedy's "peace corps"' program for underdeveloped countries. (1:7)

The Administration was assailed by the chairman of the Republican policy committee in the Senate for what he described as a "gag policy" in censoring an anti-Soviet speech by Admiral Burke and in prohibiting interviews of the freed RB-47 fliers. (1:3)

U.N. Security Council to meet on Congo crisis. (Page 2)

Verwoord dooms change in apartheid laws. (Page 6)

Ribicoff to check on Cuban refugees in Florida. (Page 32)

Kennedy’s food-peace plan faces a snag. (Page 40)

Sit-ins become nation-wide movement. (Page 64)

Kennedy facing hard policy decision on science. (Page 36)

January 30, 1961

A new agreement on British bases in the West Indies leased to the United States in 1941 is likely to be signed in Port-of-Spain in mid-February, Ambler R. Thomas, an assistant Under Secretary of State, Colonial Office, said here yesterday. (4)

A day with Rusk begins early and lasts for a full 12 hours (13)

Premier Khrushchev has warned publicly that the Soviet economy is facing possible "dangerous consequences" as a result of inflationary pressures that have built up in recent years. (3)

Serious fighting between Congolese military factions was reported today from the north. A large but unspecified number of soldiers were said to have been killed and wounded on both sides. (5)

One of the most urgent problems inherited by Labor Secretary Goldberg is whether to continue supporting U.N.'s subsidiary, the International Labor Organization. (22)

Washington, Jan. 29 -- President Kennedy attended a mass for high public officials today. There he heard in a sermon that Americans "were heartened" by his inaugural appeal that they recognize their duty to their country. (1)

Washington, Jan 29 (UPI) -- President Kennedy slashed today Government red tape that handicapped the staff of former President Dwight D. Eisenhower in the job of winding up his Washington affairs....He immediately directed the acting G.S.A. administrator to provide all necessary help, supplies and telephone services...until such time as permanent offices for the former President were established. (12)

Kennedys entertain staff and families. Washington, Jan. 29 -- The first White House party given by the President and Mrs. Kennedy was the gayest here in many a year. It was their reception this evening to the appointees of the Administration, an official family party -- and a real one, for many small boys and girls came to see their fathers sworn in. (1)

Kennedy to make his report today on State of Union. First message is expected to deal with problems of foreign relations. Congress test looms. Close House vote forecast tomorrow on enlarging the Rules Committee. (1)

President de Gaulle and Prime Minister Macmillan concluded two days of talks on world problems. The tightest secrecy was maintained on the talks. However, the conversations were said to have taken place "in an atmosphere of very great cordiality." (1)

Washington, Jan. 29 -- Edward R. Murrow, who gave up an income of $200,000 a year as a radio-television commentator to become director of the United States Information Agency, said today he planned to ask others to follow his example.

Mr. Murrow said he hoped to persuade commercial radio, television, motion-picture and other organizations to devote more attention to developing programs that could be usefully disseminated abroad. "But whatever is done will have to stand on a rugged basis of truth" he added.... (1)

Washington, Jan. 29 (AP) -- President Kennedy said today the nation needed a citizentry of Minute Men patterned after those of the American Revolution. "Today," he said, "we need a nation of Minute Men; citizens who are not only prepared to take up arms, but citizens who regard the preservation of freedom as a basic purpose of their daily life and who are willing to conciously work and sacrifice for that freedom. The cause of liberty, the cause of America, cannot succeed with any lesser effort." (13)

Powell demands anit-bias action. Representative Adam Clayton Powell Jr. demanded last night that his long-pending proposal to bar Federal funds to schools discriminating against Negroes be adopted now either through legislation of "Executive order of the White House." (1)

January 31, 1961

A "Food-for-Peace" mission to Latin America is to be dispatched from this country without delay. President Kennedy told a joint meeting of Congress yesterday in his State of the Union Message. The mission will seek ways to use the nation’s vast food abundance "to help end hunger and malnutrition" in the hemisphere. (19:4)

In Bonn, the West German Government announced it will offer a one-shot payment designed to ease the balance-of-payments problem troubling the United States. Indications are the amount has been shaved to just under $1,200,000,000.

The United Nations received a warning from President Kasavubu in a letter to Secretary General Hammarskjöld that non-U.N. troops would be called into the Congo unless the U.N. forces suppressed the revolt now being fought against the central Government. (1:2)

Before a packed, applauding joint session of Congress, President Kennedy, in his first State of the Union Message, delivered a challenge to the lawmakers and the nation, to brace themselves for international perils and a depressing domestic situation. He called for action to strengthen defenses against major and minor wars and a revitalization of a drooping economy. (1:8)

One of the things Mr. Kennedy asked of Congress was stand-by authority to help Eastern European countries with loans and grants if it were in the nation’s interest. He also said he hoped to explore the possible use of $365,000,000 in frozen American funds in Poland. (1:6)

To brake the sliding economy, President Kennedy proposed aid to the long-term unemployed, tax incentives for business expansion, stimulation of new exports, and curbs on duty-free imports by returning tourists. He pledged not to devaluate the dollar. He anticipated a budget deficit. (1:8)

In the White House a discreet, but active hand, was taken in the fight for liberalizing the House Rules Committee, which is to be joined today. Speaker Rayburn voiced confidence while the White House was reported to be busy phoning doubtful or wavering House Democrats. (1:5)

The Atomic Energy Commission warned that a "threat to free world security was posed by the continuation of the unpoliced moratorium on atomic tests. It said that this country was prevented from making "major advances." (1:7)

Ribicoff pledges quick aid to Cuban refugees. (Page 5)

Cuban imigrés given permission to land here. (Page 5)

Shriver may head National Peace Corps. (Page 18)

Times denies libel as Alabama suit opens. (Page 14)

State of Union message buoys stock market. (Page 37)