1-7 | 8-14 | 15-21 | 22-31



July 1, 1963

Brilliant floodlights pierced the darkness of St. Peter's Square last night to illuminate the crowning of Paul VI as the 262nd Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. (1:2-5)

President Kennedy and Prime Minister Macmillan let the Kremlin know that they consider a nuclear test-ban treaty the immediate key to East-West relations. A communiqué of talks between them issued shortly before the President left Britain for Italy, and a test-ban accord "might lead to progress in other directions." Spokesmen declined to amplify the phrase. (1:7; P. 10)

To avoid arriving in Rome during the papal coronation, Mr. Kennedy spent the night at Lake Como. In Rome he faces a mammoth welcome, a meeting with Pope Paul and talks with Italian Government leaders on a multinational nuclear-armed fleet. (11:1)

Other allied military forces who run afoul of West German law may be tried in German courts. (1:5)

The United States has "inconclusive" evidence that the Soviet Union may have conducted some small scale nuclear tests in recent weeks. This was confirmed by the Atomic Energy Commission, which declined to comment on a report that one of the explosions was recorded on June 12, two days after President Kennedy pledged to conduct no further atmospheric tests unless the Russians did so first. (1:6)

The second round in the Administration's fight to get a strong civil rights bill opens today in the Senate Commerce Committee. The first witness will be Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy. (14:3-4)

59 United States students begin visit to Cuba. (P. 12)

July 2, 1963

On his first day in Italy, President Kennedy talked with top officials yesterday about strengthening the Atlantic alliance. The President also asked to be informed about Italy's attitude toward the alliance in view of the increased Communist power resulting from the general elections. President Antonio Segni and his aides were reported responsive to his suggestion that a nuclear force be formed although they seemed relieved that Mr. Kennedy did not press them for a commitment. (1:8; P.3)

Britain and the Soviet Union, co-chairmen of the conference on Laos, reached a deadlock on ways to maintain the shaky peace in the Southeast Asian country. Britain blamed the Russians and the pro-Communist in Laos for destroying the peace. (1:3)

A former British diplomat, H.A.R. Philby, was named in the House of Commons as a Soviet agent and 'third man" in the Burgess-Maclean spy case of 1951. Mr. Philby is thought to be behind the Iron Curtain. Burgess and Maclean, who defected, are in Moscow. (1:5-6)

An attach’ in the Soviet Embassy in Washington was given 43 hours in which to leave the country for trying to enlist a U.S. intelligence employee by "threatening reprisals" against relatives in the Soviet Union. (1:4)

The Senate Foreign Relations Committee accused a prominent Washington law firm of misconduct while lobbying for sugar interests in the Dominican Republic. The attorneys involved are Walter Sterling Surrey and Monroe Karasik, who were also accused of evading the Foreign Agents Registration Act (1:6)

Attorney General Kennedy was questioned closely on Capital Hill regarding the public accommodations section of the Administration's civil rights bill. His questioners were members of the Senate Commerce Committee which has received the controversial section as a separate bill. By tone and emphasis, Mr. Kennedy countered charges that the section would be dropped. (1:1; P.12)

The carpenters union in Washington ordered its 3,000 locals to end racial discrimination. With 750,000 members, the United Brotherhood of Carpenters is the largest of building trades unions and the first one to act officially against the problem. (14:5)

July 3, 1963

To the cheers of enthusiastic Neapolitans, President Kennedy's plane left for home yesterday after a successful Italian visit and European tour. During a crowded day, the President hammered away at his theme of the last 10 days: European unity with the United States partnership. At the Naples headquarters of the Atlantic alliance he expressed encouragement, "the strong and irresistible desire for unity" in Western Europe (1:8; P.2)

Another feature of his day was a 48-minute visit with Pope Paul VI, who sent a blessing to all U.S. citizens. In his Pontiffs library, Mr. Kennedy, as head of state, did not kneel or kiss the Pops ring but bowed and shook hands. (1:6-7; P.3)

In an East German sports arena, Soviet Premier Khrushchev proposed an East-West non-aggression pact to be signed simultaneously with a nuclear test ban. It was the first time the two proposals were liked by the Kremlin and raised doubts about the outcome of the forthcoming Moscow talks on the test ban. (1:5)

In Saigon, some American officials were reported to favor a new South Vietnamese government in place of the one headed by President Ngo Dinh Diem. (1:4)

Attorney General Kennedy announced that four persons in New York and Washington were arrested on spy charges. Edgar Hoover, head of the F.B.I., said in another announcement that a United Nations personnel officer and his wife, Soviet citizens, were arrested. (1:3)

The State Department is preparing special regulations to tighten the travel ban on Cuba. (1:8)

In Jackson, Miss., Byron de La Beckwith was formally served notice of his indictment for the murder of Medgar W. Evers, the civil rights leader. The grand jury the indictment was composed of 17 white men and a Negro. (1:2)

The Justice Department joined more then 100 Negro demonstrators in efforts to have the trial held in a Federal court rather than in the city court of Danville, Va. Some spokesmen for the department said the "friend of the court" move was without precedent. (10:1)

The Department's chief, Attorney General Kennedy, watched as bi-partisan supporters of the Administration civil rights bill quarreled. At issue was the offering of "perfecting" amendments and whether Republicans or Democrats ought to take the honor and responsibility of making it. (1:2)

Senators question Secretary on TFX plane. (pg. 1)

July 4, 1963

The Kennedy Administration reiterated willingness to accept a limited nuclear test-ban treaty, but it is dubious about linking it with an East-West treaty. The administration's position was outlined to allied diplomats after intensive talks in Washington on the two-part proposal made by Premier Khrushchev, Tuesday in East Berlin. (1:8)

Speaking at the East German-Polish frontier, Mr. Khrushchev declared that only "madmen" could think of waging war against the capitalist countries to achieve world Communism. His statement was regarded as a clear rejection of Peking's position. (3:1)

The United States rejected a Soviet protest against the arrest in New York of Ivan Dmitrievich Egorov, a United Nations personnel officer, and his wife on espionage charges. The Soviet protest did not mention another couple, arrived in Washington, who, the F.B.I. said, used the names of two Americans while operating with the Egorovs. The United States said the two couples had conspired to obtain information on troop and ship movements and on missile sites. (1:7)

Voting 14 to 1 with 4 abstentions, the Council of the Organization of American States approved a series of recommendations urging new steps against Communist subversion originating in Cuba. One involves a ban on travel to Cuba. (1:5)

With the arrival of 1,204 Cubans in Florida, the Cuban-United States deal for the release of 9,703 for food and medical supplies came to an end. (2:1)

In London, Dr. Stephen Ward, the society osteopath involved in the Profumo scandal, was committed for trial on seven vice charges. He was released on bail of $8,400. (5:1)

Kennedy doubles allocation of Uranium. (pg. 9)

July 5, 1963

Amid bitter recriminations, relations between the Soviet Union and Communist China worsened last night on the eve of their scheduled conference in Moscow on ideological differences. The Kremlin charged that publicizing these differences, the Chinese had violated Soviet sovereignty, misled public opinion and exacerbated the differences. Peking, in turn, accused the Russians of unfounded "distortions, accusations and attacks." (1:8; P.6-9)

As China maintained its violent opposition to Moscow's peaceful coexistence policy, Premier Khrushchev sent President Kennedy and the American people "warm congratulations and wishes of peace and prosperity," in a Fourth of July message. He termed peace "a vital need for all mankind" (5:2)

At a July 4 reception in the United States Embassy in Moscow, Soviet First Deputy Premier Mikoyan declared that conditions were ripe for a nuclear test-ban agreement. He asserted that everything now depended on the West. (1:6)

The Kremlin's vague offer to link the signing of a limited nuclear test-ban treaty with an East-West non-aggression pact has again confronted Washington with the problem of how to do business with Moscow without disrupting the Western alliance. Washington hopes to separate the two issues. (1:7)

The White House has put aside plans to ask the Organization of American States to declare an economic embargo against Cuba. Nonetheless, the State Department is seeking ways to press for Cuba's political isolation and to step up the fight against Communist subversion in the hemisphere. (1:6)

The chief executive officer of the United Presbyterian Church, the Rev. Dr. Eugene Carson Blake, was among 283 persons arrested for trying to integrate an all-white amusement park near Baltimore. Twelve other clergymen, Protestants, Catholics and Jews, were arrested in the demonstration that involved at least 40 church, labor and political groups. (1:2-3)

In Chicago, a Negro clergyman narrowly escaped manhandling by a Negro crowd and Mayor Richard J. Daley was booed off the platform at a rally following a civil rights parade. Shouts of "Kill him! Kill him!" were hurled at the clergyman, Dr. J. H. Jackson, because he had expressed opposition to a protest march on Washington. (1:4)

President Kennedy and Labor Secretary Wirtz conferred at the White House on how to prevent a national railroad strike next Thursday. They discussed proposals that Mr. Wirtz will make today when he meets with railroad and union officials on their long controversy over work rules. (1:1)

Washington assumed the noisy, placard-waving atmosphere of a political convention. Several thousand exuberant Republicans poured into the capital for a national rally to start a Presidential draft for Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona. (11:1-8)

President names 31 Medal of Freedom winners. (pg. 1)

Kennedy likens Peach Corps to spirit of í76. (pg. 2)

150 Minutemen I.C.B.M.'s ready to launch. (pg. 5)

July 6, 1963

Despite an exchange of smiles and polite greetings at Moscow's Vnukovo Airport yesterday, Soviet and Chinese leaders opened talks on their ideological differences against a background of mutual propaganda assaults. (1:8)

Replying to a Fourth of July message from Premier Khrushchev President Kennedy again urged the Soviet leader to join in an effort to solve "those key problems which divide us." The President also reported to the American people on his 10-day European tour, expressing new confidence that "the Old World and the New are partners for progress and partners for peace. (1:7)

The South Vietnamese Government began the trial of 19 service men accused of staging an unsuccessful 1960 coup. The Government prosecutor told defense lawyers there was evidence that the United States Embassy was involved in the coup. American officials said the charge was unfounded. (1:6)

Chuck McKinley of San Antonio, Tex., won the Wimbledon championship, the highest accolade in tennis. The breezy, bouncy 22-year-old athlete raced to a straight-set triumph of 9-7; 6-1, 6-4 over Fred Stolle of Australia in 100 minutes before 17,000 spectators at Wimbledon, England. (1:2-4)

Labor Secretary Wirtz proposed a new procedure to prevent a national rail strike next Thursday and to avoid Congressional intervention. The procedure combines negotiation, mediation and a continuing study with binding recommendations by neutrals, in case of disagreement, to resolve the long standing work rules controversy. (1:1)

Employment in the nation passed the 70,000,000 mark in June for the first time in history, but unemployment remained high. The Government report that the total jobless rate was 5.7 per cent and that the teenage jobless rate was 16 per cent. (1:3)

The Coast Guard is organizing a special group to combat any efforts by spies, saboteurs and weapons smugglers to infiltrate coastal defenses. The group is being set up under the Coast Guard's new assignment as coordinator of coastal defenses, an assignment similar to its wartime mission. (1:4)

James H. Meredith of the University of Mississippi was assailed after he addressed the youth division of the N.A.A.C.P. in Chicago. He had described Negro youth leadership as puerile and Negro youth as undisciplined and improvident. (1:2)

July 7, 1963

Apparently abandoning hopes for a reconciliation with Communist China, Premier Khrushchev is expected to seek a new understanding with the United States. Western diplomats in Moscow believe Soviet foreign policy is entering a new stage that may facilitate a number of limited East-West agreements. The uncompromising positions taken by both the Russians and the Chinese at their ideological conference, which continued yesterday in Moscow, have convinced the diplomats that the talks will achieve little more than a restatement of these ideological positions. (1:8)

Nonetheless, officials in Washington are not yet convinced that Mr. Khrushchev is willing to give more ground to the West than he has previously. (1:7)

The State Department denied any United States involvement in an unsuccessful coup against the Government of South Vietnam in 1960. (1:7)

Long negotiations between the United States and Mexico over the 50-year-old El Chamizal border dispute are expected to enter the final round this week. (1:4)

President Kennedy's talks with West German leaders were credited with reinforcing Bonn's refusal to follow President de Gaulle's lead in his talks with the German leaders. Informants in Paris said that American influence had stiffened Bonn's opposition to French proposals for some vague contact between Britain and the Common Market and the future of European unity. (1:6)

James H. Meredith, the Negro who integrated the University of Mississippi, declared that the civil rights movement was endangered by "intolerance and bigotry" among Negroes. He said that the "intolerance and discourtesy" shown him after addressing a meeting of the N.A.A.C.P. in Chicago had caused him to weep for the first time "since I was a child." Roy Wilkins of the N.A.A.C.P. was angered because Mr. Meredith had termed his audience "burrheads." (1:2-3)

Thousands of college students, Negro and white, are taking an active part in the struggle over civil rights. They have tutored Negro children, staged sit-in demonstrations, gone on Freedom Rides, and been arrested and jailed. Their activism contrasts sharply with the passivity of students during the era of McCarthyism. (1:2-3)

The rail unions will probably not accept Labor Secretary Wirtz's plan to solve the work-rules controversy. If they do not, the Administration is expected to recommend legislation calling for compulsory arbitration or seizure of the lines to avert a strike. (1:2)

July 8, 1963

Foreign Minister Paul-Henri Spaak of Belgium arrived in the Soviet Union yesterday for talks with Premier Khrushchev on East-West issues. (1:1)

Secretary General Thant has decided to withdraw virtually the entire United Nations force from the Congo by the end of this year. The decision to accelerate the withdrawal was understood to be based partly on the United Nations financial crisis. (1:2)

The five train-operating unions rejected Secretary of Labor Wirtz's proposals to settle the four-year controversy over railroad work rules. The unions proposed a plan to keep passenger and commuter trains operating in the event of a strike. (1:8)

Ninety-nine persons, Negroes and whites, were arrested during the second desegregation demonstration in four days at an all-white amusement ark near Baltimore. Thirteen prisoners were clergymen. (7-8)

A mass demonstration by 50,000 whites in Savannah, July 20, was urged by the Ku Klux Klan chief in Georgia. (9:3)

Vietnam secret police attack Western newsmen. (3)

July 9, 1963

Describing his talk with Soviet Premier Khrushchev as "very interesting," Foreign Minister Spaak of Belgium predicted yesterday an improvement in East-West relations. Mr. Spaak declined to divulge details of the open-air meeting in Kiev, but he was thought to be arranging a report on it for members of the North Atlantic Treat Organization, of which he was once Secretary General. (1:8)

Moscow charged Communist China with pressing a "deliberate campaign" to erode relations between the Kremlin and Peking. The attack, carried in Pravda, was the latest in a series that could destroy the Moscow unity talks. (1:7)

A United States order cutoff virtually all financial transactions with Cuba. Although U.S. trade with the Castro regime had been previously embargoed, the new currency restrictions froze $33,000,000 of Cuban bank deposits in this country. The State Department said one effect would be to prevent Havana from using U.S. banks to finance subversion in Latin America. (1:5-6)

The Federation of Malaysia in Southeast Asia was formed through an agreement signed by Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo and Sarawak. The signatories did not include the Sultan of Brunei, who refused to agree at the last minute in a dispute over finances. (1:7-8)

An election triumph for Argentina's Popular Radical party was hailed as a victory for moderation and a defeat for former dictator Juan D. Peron. The party will still need help from others to elect its candidate, Dr. Arturo Ilia to the Presidency later this month. (1:6)

Trying to avert a nation-wide rail strike on Thursday, President Kennedy summoned unions and management to a White House meeting today. The President will also meet with Democratic legislators on the four-year-old work rules controversy. The White House would only say the situation was "urgent" and had no comment on Administration proposals for legislative action. (1:1)

In St. Louis the president of one union expressed "unalterable'' opposition to arbitration of the dispute and to legislation that would curb the right to strike. (14:1)

The Justice Department's civil rights chief, Burke Marshall, said that Federal legislation was needed to deal with areas where racial feelings ran deep. He told a Senate committee that "persuasion and mediation" had their limits when applied to desegregation of privately owned accommodations. (1:2)

Discrimination against Negro doctors and patients was criticized by Senator Abraham A. Ribicoff who urged the repeal of a separate-but-equal clause in a law providing Federal funds for medical facilities (16:3)

Wirtz urges new literacy program for workers. (15)

Post Office asks end of discrimination in jobs. (16)

Troops leave Cambridge, Md., race rally held. (18)

Beckwith pleads not guilty in Evers killing. (19)

July 10, 1963

Final instructions for the Moscow nuclear talks were given yesterday to W. Averell Harriman at a strategy session of the National Security Council. The Under Secretary of State will leave today for the test-ban talks scheduled to open July 15. The high-level briefing, including the President, the Secretary of State and the disarmament chief, manifested the serious Administration view of the mission and a belief that the Russians are willing to enter into a test-ban agreement. (1:1)

In London, the United States was reported pressing for suspension of British Guiana's Constitution and for Britain to impose direct rule. Officials in Washington disclaimed knowledge of intervention as the British Colonial Secretary left London for the self-governing colony. Washington is opposed to Guiana's independence under its leftist Prime Minister, Cheddi B. Jagan. (1:3)

Left-wing demonstrators fought with London policemen as King Paul and Queen Frederika of Greece arrived on a state visit. (1:4)

By way of a personal message, President Kennedy is reaffirming his confidence in the Government of South Vietnam. The message was carried by Ambassador Frederick E. Nolting Jr., who left for Saigon. (1:1)

As a nationwide rail strike loomed for 12:01 A.M. tomorrow, President Kennedy proposed that Supreme Court Justice Arthur J. Goldberg settle the work rules dispute. The unions were understood to have decided against the idea and the roads for it. Neither side commented officially pending a meeting with the President today. (1:6-8; Text 16)

Precedent for a Justice of the Supreme Court to undertake a mission for the Executive branch goes back to 1790 with nine other instances since then. (17:1-4)

The firemen's union, meeting in St. Louis, deny that their jobs on diesel locomotives are obsolete as claimed by the railroads who will start eliminating them. (16:6)

Most members of the Senate Commerce Committee agreed that Congress should ban discrimination in public accommodations, but they argued about a proper constitutional basis for the legislation. (1:8)

The school system of Mobile, Ala., was ordered by a Federal court to begin desegregation this fall. (1:7)

In Baker County, Ga., where no Negroes were registered to vote two years ago, 300 are now on the rolls out of 1,800, and Negro leaders confidently predict 1,000 more by the year's end. (20:3-8)

Kennedy moves to avert a maritime strike. (70)

July 11, 1963

 

Spurred by West Germany, the six Common Market nations have worked out a formula for maintaining regular consultations with Britain. The compromise plan, which involves using the seven-nation Western European Union as the forum for the consultations, evolved because of France's veto of British membership in the market last January. The tentative agreement is expected to be made final at a ministerial meeting of the Common Market in Brussels. (1:1)

Speaking in Geneva, Adlai E. Stevenson warned newly independent nations against "acts of impatience" that might impair the United Nations. But the United States delegate to the world organization also criticized states that "stubbornly resist change." (1:3)

Another United States diplomat, W. Averell Harriman, expressed both caution and confidence about prospects for the East-West nuclear test-ban negotiations as he began a journey to Moscow. Referring to "certain indications" that Premier Khrushchev was genuinely interested in reaching a limited accord, the Presidential envoy added, "Let's hope the indications are real." (2:3-7)

In Moscow, the Soviet-Chinese conference on ideological differences resumed amid renewed public recriminations between the Soviet capital and Peking. The private talks in a heavily guarded walled villa were understood to have been long--and tense. (1:2)

The United States has asked Britain to forbid planes from Cuba to land on Grand Cayman Island in the Caribbean. Washington made the request after charging that 15 to 20 "potential subversive agents" from Cuba had used the island to transfer to flights to other Caribbean nations. (1:3-4)

About eight hours before the deadline, President Kennedy averted a national rail strike. He announced that the lines and the five train-operating unions had accepted his proposal that they postpone a showdown until July 29. By then, the President will make recommendations to Congress to resolve the dispute over work rules. The railroads made the main concession, agreeing to postpone the imposition of new rules designed to cut the number of jobs. (1:8; Text 12)

The nation's civil defense chief testified that a nuclear attack on the United States would not leave a wasteland, would not permanently contaminate agriculture and would not permanently disable the economy. (1:7)

With an icy voice, Secretary of State Rusk, a usually mild Georgian, did battle with Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina at a hearing on the Administration's civil rights bill. Mr. Rusk had difficulty controlling his anger when the Senator implied that support of the bill indicated approval of the "Communist line." (1:2-3; Excerpts, 16)

July 12, 1963

An East-West nuclear test-ban treaty cannot be achieved, according to sources in London, if the Russians insist on linking it with an East-West nonaggression pact. The United States and British delegates at the test-ban talks, scheduled to open in Moscow on Monday, are understood to have no authority to negotiate on anything except the test ban. (1:8)

The door to Britain's eventual entry into the European Common Market was unbolted for the first time since France slammed it last January. After a day-long debate in Brussels, the markets Council of Ministers agreed to hold political and economic talks with Britain every three months. (1:5)

With a show of troops and tanks, the army of Ecuador besieged the palace of President Carlos Arosemena. After a defiant holdout, the President surrendered. He was put aboard a Panama-bound plane and a four-man junta was set up to rule the country. (1:5-6)

Communist China acknowledged that it would take 10 to 20 years for it to overtake the great powers in armaments, science and industry. Chinese scientists and technicians were exhorted to work harder. (3:1-2)

Chinese and Soviet conferees in Moscow appeared to have called another recess in their ideological talks. Informants said the talks were so snagged that the delegates were merely seeking a face-saving way to end them. (1:7)

A senior Soviet intelligence official has defected to the West and is understood to be in Britain. His name and whereabouts were being kept secret and he was being heavily guarded to prevent any attempt against his life. The defector was understood to have brought with him much information on Soviet espionage operations. (1:6)

Seventy-five demonstrators were arrested in London when crowds protesting the state visit of the King and Queen of Greece clashed again with the police. (1:7)

At least five were shot as racial violence erupted in Cambridge, Md. National Guard troops, who had been withdrawn from the troubled town last Monday, were again in control. (1:1)

Secretary of Defense McNamara predicted a "leveling off" of defense spending but he declined to indicate when it would be possible. Since the Kennedy Administration entered office in 1961, defense outlays have increased by $10,000,000,000. (1:4)

Gerardo A. Re, his son Gerard and three co-defendants were found guilty of a multi-million-dollar stock fraud conspiracy. The jury deliberated four hours. (1:1)

Spain asks U.S. to ease Cuban shipping ban. (7)

House panel cuts foreign aid 430 million. (1)

Freeman jokingly warned on Soviet trip. (2)

Dispute widens over TFX contract award. (4)

Retraining of rural youths is begun. (26)

July 13, 1963

With a "heavy heart," Communist China declared yesterday that the current Soviet-Chinese ideological talks in Moscow had turned out badly. Blaming the Kremlin for failing to resolve ideological differences, an editorial in the Chinese Communist party newspaper charged that Moscow seemed to want to sever Chinese-Soviet relations. (1:8)

Optimistic prospects in East-West relations were described by Belgium's Foreign Minister, Paul-Henri Spaak, who conferred with Premier Khrushchev in Kiev last Monday. The Soviet leader was pictured as hopeful about reaching a nuclear test-ban accord in East-West talks next week in Moscow. In his talk with Mr. Spaak, Mr. Khrushchev did not stress a link between a nuclear treaty and a non-aggression pact, which the West has termed unacceptable. (1:5)

The high ranking Soviet intelligence officer who has defected to the West was named in London as Anatoly Doinytsin, a middle-aged career official. He was understood to have fled 18 months ago. (2:5)

A Western plan for Indian defense against a possible Chinese air attack has received the tacit approval of the Indian Government. The plan involves Western participation in joint air maneuvers with the Indian air force to familiarize it with new radar and ground-support equipment. (1:6-7)

The Cuban Government indicated that Cuban flights to the British Caribbean island of Grand Cayman have been temporarily halted. (1:7)

A pledge to destroy pro-Castro terrorist bands roving Ecuador was made by the military junta that ousted President Carlos Arosemena Thursday. The junta outlawed Ecuador's Communist party, canceled Presidential elections set for next June proclaimed martial law and imposed censorship. (1:7-6)

In three hours of testimony begun by a16-page statement, Gov. Ross R. Barnett of Mississippi exhorted a Senate hearing to reject President Kennedy's civil rights legislation. He asserted that the President and Attorney General Kennedy had "encouraged" demonstrations and had thus aided a 'world Communist conspiracy to divide and conquer" the nation by fomenting racial strife. (1:1)

Maryland's Governor Tawes sent 425 rifle-carrying National Guard troops into the racially-explosive town of Cambridge. (1:2-3)

Negro leaders canceled further demonstrations in Savannah, Ga., as a prelude to negotiations that might end the city's racial crisis. The move came after two nights of disorders protesting the arrest of an integration leader. (1:2)

A Federal Appeals Court in New Orleans ordered Birmingham, Ala., to begin desegregating public schools this fall. The order was signed by two of the three judges. (1:4)

In Newark, Anthony (Tony Pro) Provenzano was sentenced to seven years in prison and fined $10,000 for extorting $8,600 from a trucking company. Before imposing the sentence, a Federal Budge told the teamster union leader, "he had betrayed the interests of the working men you were obliged to represent." (46:3-5)

Krebiozen producer drops fight for a test. (15)

July 14, 1963

The Soviet Union rejected early today what it termed the Chinese thesis that a Communist civilization could be built on the ruins of a world destroyed by nuclear war. The statement appeared in a four-page declaration in Pravda, which replied to Peking's criticisms of Premier Khrushchev's leadership and policies. The Kremlin accused the Chinese delegates to the ideological conference in Moscow of further aggravating Soviet-Chinese relations, but it affirmed that the Russians would continue to strive to restore unity. (1:8; Text 2)

Peking shifted its sights from Moscow to Washington and bitterly accused the United States of meddling in the Chinese-Soviet ideological dispute. (1:7)

Premier Khrushchev defended Moscow's policy of refusing to pay its share of the cost of United Nations operations in the Congo and the Middle East as an act in "support of peace." Replying to a letter from Bertrand Russell. (1:7)

The United States is sending Assistant Secretary of State Robert Manning to South Vietnam this week. He will investigate protests by American newsmen who were man-handled by Vietnamese secret policemen at a Buddhist demonstration last week. (1:6)

The French Government has begun quiet preparations for a meeting between President de Gaulle and President Kennedy. Informants in Paris believe the meeting will be held in Washington late this year or early in 1964. (1:6)

"I expect to fight that proposition until hell freezes over. Then I propose to start fighting on the ice." Senator Russell B. Long of Louisiana, discussing President Kennedy's request for a cutoff of Federal funds to areas practicing segregation. (47:4)

Liberal Democrats are up in arms over what they regard as a serious threat by conservatives to regain control of the powerful House Rules Committee. The liberals contend that the scheduled appointment of Representative John Young of Texas would jeopardize the 8-to-7 majority Administration forces now hold in the panel. (1:1)

Kennedy plans parley on urban problems. (28)

July 15, 1963

A cordial atmosphere marked the arrival in Moscow yesterday of the American and British delegates to the three-power talks on a nuclear test-ban treaty. Hopes that a limited accord would be achieved rose with the announcement that Premier Khrushchev would open the talks today with the two Western envoys, W. Averell Harriman and Viscount Hailsham. (1:8)

The Soviet Communist party cited the understanding between Mr. Khrushchev and President Kennedy during the Cuban crisis last fall as proof that East-West accords were possible. Replying to criticisms by-the Chinese Communists, a 19,000-word statement in Pravda elaborated on Moscow's thesis that nuclear war can be avoided and that disarmament is attainable. (1:6-7; Text of Soviet statement, 11-14)

The lengthy Soviet declaration accused the Chinese of trying to split the world Communist movement by supporting "various anti-party groups of renegades" and Trotskyites throughout the world. (13:7-8)

It also implied that Peking was pursuing a racist, anti-white line rather than the class-struggle doctrine of Marxism-Leninism. (14:6-7)

The Kremlin's vigorous policy statement disclosed that a series of secret Soviet-Chinese meetings since 1960 had worked unsuccessfully to resolve their ideological dispute. (10:8)

Another disclosure was that Soviet-Chinese trade fell almost 67 per cent in the last three years while Chinese trade with all Communist countries declined more than 50 per cent. (10: 6-7)

United States officials believe that the Kremlin's declaration has accelerated the most violent ideological conflict in the recent history of the Communist movement. They think it enhances the chances for a limited East-West accord to ban nuclear tests. (1:7)

Members of the Senate Commerce Committee may use a new approach to quiet legal and political objections to the Administration's proposal to end racial discrimination in commercial establishments: It would involve using the language of long-standing statutes on regulating commerce. (1:2-3)

The proposed integration march on Washington Aug. 28 might cause uncommitted legislators to oppose the civil rights bill, according to Representative Emanuel Celler, chairman of the Judiciary Committee. (19:1)

The National Governors Conference, which opens next Sunday, will-be asked to give active support to the Administration's tax-reduction program to spur economic development. Appeals to the governors will be made by Secretary of Commerce Hodges and Secretary of Labor Wirtz. (1:3)

Secretary Wirtz told a television audience that "a failure of responsibility" by both management and labor was forcing a compulsory solution to the railroad work-rules dispute. Such a solution, he warned, would endanger collective bargaining. (1:2)

Krebiozen shipments are now illegal. (31)

July 16, 1963

In his Kremlin office, Premier Khrushchev opened three power discussions of a nuclear test-ban treaty yesterday, and optimism prevailed in Moscow. For three hours, the Soviet leader outlined his position to W. Averell Harriman of the United States and Viscount Hailsham of Britain, who responded with theirs. Apparently, no serious obstacles to an eventual accord were raised. (1:8)

The mood of international cooperation was continued by Foreign Minister Gromyko who wrote a letter suggesting that heads of state meet at the United Nations in 1965. The letter, to the Secretary General, U Thant proposed an end to colonialism and the start of nuclear-free zones. (1:6-7)

The talks between the Soviet and Chinese Communists were resumed in Moscow despite the Kremlin's open attack on Peking. (1:7)

A Soviet United Nations official, his wife and two other persons were indicted in Brooklyn for having conspired to send military information to Russia. (9:1-4)

Governor George C. Wallace of Alabama criticized the Administration for "encouraging" Air Force personnel to participate in racial-demonstrations. His attack came in testimony before the Senate Commerce Committee and arose from an Air Force order permitting such participation if the servicemen were off duty, in civilian clothes and undangered. (1:1; Text 16)

Secretary of the Interior Udall reintroduced a plan to harness the tides surging into Maine's Passamaquoddy Bay. He told President Kennedy that it was "economically feasible" to spend $1,025,000,000 on a power plant capable of 1,000,000 kilowatts of power for one hour a day and an Upper St. John Hydroelectric development. (1:3)

Kennedy welcomes Nyerere to Washington. (11)

U.S. to train Germans on Starfighter. (13)

Jersey union members share $737,000 windfall. (33)

July 17, 1963

In the second day of the three-power talks on outlawing nuclear tests, it was reported that an outline for negotiations emerged yesterday from a private Moscow meeting. The delegates of the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union met without certainty of a specific accord, but a joint communiqué said the talks had "continued in a friendly atmosphere." (1:8)

Squads of heavily armed policemen in Saigon stopped a Buddhist protest against religious discrimination by wading into a crowd of demonstrators and beating many of them. It was the first all-out use of force against the Buddhists in the troubled capital of South Vietnam. Eighty demonstrators were arrested. (1:7)

Secretary of Defense McNamara issued orders restricting participation of military personnel in racial demonstrations. He said that such participation was inappropriate for military men while Congress was studying rights legislation and while the Department was implementing proposals of the President's Committee on Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services. (1:1)

The potentially explosive racial issue in Cambridge, Md., eased with a 24-hour moratorium on demonstrations decreed by Negro leaders. The National Guard announced a relaxing of militia law rules immediately afterward. (1:2-4)

To reduce the flow of dollars overseas, the Federal Reserve Board raised its lending rate from 3 to 3-1/2 per cent. The raise was accompanied by authorization to banks to increase the interest they pay to their corporate depositors on short-term funds. The moves are expected to cause an increase in interest costs. (1:5)

The State and Agriculture Departments continued investigation of how 24,000,000 bushels of feed grain, invoiced to Austria as barter for strategic material, were diverted. Some Austrian importers were charged with mislabeling part of the shipments as originating in Argentina. (1:4)

Railroad executives said in Washington that Federal legislation was the only foreseeable answer to the threatened nationwide strike. Their statement was taken as an effort to persuade Congress that an emergency existed. The labor truce will run out July 29, 1963. (16:5)

Mundt and Korth clash over TFX contract. (12)

House committee kills public defender plan. (13)

House votes to broaden 1917 Sedition Act. (13)

Kennedy orders action on Passamaquoddy project. (16)

Biracial council is formed in Birmingham. (14)

Chicago hoodlum wins dispute with F.B.I. (29)

July 18, 1963

On another East-West issue, Mr. Kennedy declared the United States "cannot coexist in the peaceful sense" with Cuba so long as she remains a "Soviet satellite." (1:2-3)

Mr. Kennedy expressed a hope for peace in the religious crisis in South Vietnam, where the police were under orders to use force to break up Buddhist demonstrations. (1:4)

Apparently referring to Communist China, Pakistan's Foreign Minister, Z.A. Bhutto, warned that an Indian attack on Pakistan would involve the "largest state of Asia." His remark was believed to imply a Chinese-Pakistan understanding on defense. (4:3)

A Securities and Exchange Commission study accused the New York Stock Exchange of having failed in many ways to fulfill its obligations to protect the interests of investors. It accused the exchange of permitting member firms to impose excessive extra charges on small investors and to engage in activities that increase sharp swings in stock prices. The commission, in the second part of a massive study of securities markets, also charged that the exchange had paid inadequate attention to situations that offer opportunities of manipulation of stock prices. (1:8; Excerpts, 31-32)

The S.E.C. staff report was also sharply critical of "specialists," who, it charged, did not stabilize stock prices as effectively as the Stock Exchange has contended. (30:3-4)

The stock market took the commission's study in stride as it registered a slight dip. (1:5)

President Kennedy announced that budget deficits for the fiscal year 1963 would be much less than his Administration had estimated. He told his news conference that preliminary figures showed that the deficit in the administrative budget would be $6,200,000,000--$2,600,000,000 less than the estimated amount made in January. (1:6-7)

On the subject of civil rights, the President said that he approved of a march in Washington on Aug. 28 as a peaceable assembly "for a redress of grievances," He warned civil rights demonstrators to avoid violence" and he advised segregationists to "redress grievances," (1:7)

National Guard units in South Carolina were alerted and 125 state law enforcement officers were rushed to Charleston following a riot by Negroes Tuesday night. Despite the show of force, integration leaders vowed to continue mass demonstrations. (10:3)

U.S. appealing to Latin military. (7)

Kennedy again asks for a rail settlement. (9)

July 19, 1963

Delegates of the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain, meeting again yesterday in Moscow, were understood to be discussing an East-West nonaggression pact. The exploratory talks were in conjunction with the three-power conference on a nuclear test-ban treaty, which appeared to be proceeding without a hitch. The West has emphasized that a nonaggression treaty would have to be approved by the North Atlantic Council. (1:1)

Despite the apparent progress of the East-West talks and the ideological quarrel between Moscow and Peking, France remained skeptical about an early improvement in East-West relations. The French Government would like to see the Kremlin prove its good faith, particularly in Berlin. (2:1)

Thirty minutes after Syria's chief of state had left Damascus for a visit to Cairo, pro-Nasser revolutionaries tried to overthrow the Syrian Government. (1:2-3)

Seeking to improve the nation's balance-of-payments position, President Kennedy asked Congress to levy a tax on Americans who buy long-term foreign securities. The effect of the tax, to be made effective yesterday, would be to increase by about l per cent the interest cost to foreigners seeking capital in the United States through the sale of securities maturing in more than three years. The President told Congress that the tax, together with the discount rate increase announced this week, should reduce the balance-of-payments deficit by about $900,000,000 a year. (1:8; Text, 30-31)

Wall Street investors reacted to the President's proposal with deep disappointment. Foreign securities declined in price, while U.S. Government bonds advanced. (1:6)

Mr. Kennedy's proposed tax caused a selling wave in Canadian markets. The Toronto Exchange suffered the sharpest decline since the big drop of May, 1962. (1:7)

In Europe though, the President's decision to prepare for the first United States withdrawal from the International Monetary Fund won a particularly favorable reaction. (1:-8)

Evidence of improvement in the United States economy was cited in a Government announcement that the average earnings of factory workers in June rose to above $100 a week for the first time. The number of workers on nonfarm payrolls continued to rise at a better-than-anticipated pace. (1:7)

After nearly six months of complicated negotiations, the United States and Mexico announced a final accord for resolving the long-standing dispute over the El Chamizal border zone at El Paso, Tex. The accord, which must be ratified by the senates of both countries, involves the transfer of 437 acres of land to Mexico. (1:1)

Testifying before a Senate committee, Attorney General Kennedy denied that the Administration's civil rights bill would "improperly" interfere with the rights of states or of private property. (1:4)

The rulings of some Southern Federal judges appointed by President Kennedy have been sharply criticized by civil rights groups. (8:3)

Crime in the nation, according to the F.B.I., set a record last year and is increasing four times as rapidly as the population. More than 2,000,000 serious offenses--about four a minute--were recorded. (12:1)

U.S. irritated by Pakistan's hint of Chinese aid. (3)

Feed grain program offers higher payments. (23)

Kennedy mobbed by students at White House. (1)

July 20, 1963

Braving the July heat, about 6,000 Muscovites crowded the Kremlin's Palace of Congresses yesterday to hear and applaud Premier Khrushchev staunchly reaffirm his policy of "peaceful coexistence" as the best way to achieve world Communism. In a 90-minute speech televised throughout Eastern Europe, the Soviet leader also affirmed there was hope of achieving a partial nuclear test-ban treaty. He urged other East-West accords to assure European security and to guard against surprise attacks. The United States and British delegates to the test-ban talks are hopeful of concluding an agreement next week. (1:8; Text, 2)

Mr. Khrushchev's policy declarations also increased hopes of Washington officials that a test ban would be achieved. (1:6-7)

Communist China condemned the Kremlin's nuclear policy as "capitulation in the face of imperialist nuclear blackmail." Peking asserted that a nuclear war would serve to speed "the complete destruction of the world capitalist system." (2:6-8; Text, 2)

During his Kremlin speech, Premier Khrushchev interpolated bitter remarks about the Chinese Communists. (1:5)

Secretary of Defense McNamara expressed confidence that current United States military plans and secrets had not been compromised in the recent rash of spy cases. He declared that any information obtained by Col. Stig Wennerstrom, a Swedish official who confessed he had been a paid Soviet agent, would now be obsolete. (1:2-3)

The Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted to authorize birth control studies and "technical and other assistance" to countries receiving foreign aid. The proposal, by Senator J. W. Fulbright, the chairman, was approved without a recorded vote. (1:5)

A special panel submitted to President Kennedy a 15-page report that was said to outline the history of the railroad work-rules dispute without recommendations for its solution. The President will submit his own recommendations to Congress Monday. (1:1)

The President has sent a personal appeal to the presidents of the nation's school boards, asking for their help in solving the nation's "grave civil rights problems." (1:4)

Surpassing the previous mark of 59.6 miles, Joe Walker, a civilian test pilot, set a world aircraft altitude record of almost 67 miles in the X-15 plane. (8:1)

A Federal Court jury convicted Nelson C. Drummond, a Navy yeoman, of conspiracy to commit espionage for the Soviet Union. The jury of 10 men and 2 women had deliberated for 11 hours and 40 minutes. (1:2)

Kennedys see the newest one christened. (20)

Federal Power Commission seeks wider power. (30)

July 21, 1963

Delegates of the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain reached tentative agreement last night on a draft treaty to ban nuclear testing in the atmosphere, in space and under water. (1:8)

The Soviet-Chinese ideological talks ended in Moscow amid indications that no compromise had been reached. (1:6)

At the opening of an Indian trade fair in Moscow, Premier Khrushchev went out of his way to proclaim Soviet friendship and support for India, which is engaged in a bitter border dispute with the Chinese. (3:1)

The United States has cut off new grants for imports and public works in the Congo in an effort to force the Government there to undertake major economic reforms. (1:4)

South Vietnam's Government released 267 Buddhist priests and nuns from detention and dismantled barbed-wire barricades around Saigon's main pagodas. Nonetheless, Buddhist leaders declared there were other demands that the Government must meet before they agree to confer with officials on their bitter dispute. (1:7)

The solar eclipse thrilled thousands, while those unable to see it because of overcast skies witnessed the passage of the moon's shadow extending below the clouds. (1:2)

The moon's shadow, racing across Canada at about 1,700 miles an hour, was chased by an astronaut and 30 scientists aboard a jet airliner. They had about 142 seconds of total eclipse in which to take pictures and record other data. (52:2)

Secretary of Labor Wirtz resumed official efforts to mediate a settlement of the railroad work-rules dispute, which could erupt in a nationwide rail strike July 29. The peace-making effort, expected to continue through the weekend, is a final attempt to achieve an accord before President Kennedy sends recommendations to Congress Monday to dispose of the issues in the four year controversy. (1:L; Text, page 54)

The President named David Statler Black, a 35-year-old lawyer from Seattle, to a five-year term on the Federal Power Commission. He will succeed Howard V. Morgan who has accused the commission of inadequately protecting the interests of the consumers. (27:3)

Kennedys press new project for Virginia pupils. (pg. 42)

July 22, 1963

Barring some unforeseen obstacle, the United States expects that a treaty banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere, in space and under water will be signed in Moscow this week, possibly today or tomorrow. President Kennedy has alerted the Senate Democratic leadership to prepare for its speedy ratification. Anticipating a heavy schedule of work today on both foreign and domestic issues, the President cut short a weekend at Cape Cod and flew back to Washington last night. (1:8)

Delegates to the three-power talks in Moscow were understood to be trying to work out a compromise formula for an East-West nonaggression pact. Soviet officials have indicated a willingness to accede to Western insistence that the pact should not involve recognition of East Germany. The representatives of the United States and Britain were therefore said to be hopeful about framing an accord acceptable to West Germany and other NATO nations. (1:7)

In contrast, the failure of the Moscow conference of Soviet and Chinese Communist leaders was officially confirmed in Moscow and Peking. A joint communiqué acknowledged in effect that there had been no resolution of ideological differences. (1:8)

A conference of United States and Canadian officials ended with Washington's agreement to ease any barriers on the flow of capital into Canada by modifying its proposed tax on Americans' purchases of foreign securities. Canada had fought the proposals as a threat to her economy. (1:6)

Labor Secretary Wirtz announced that Government efforts to mediate the railroad work-rules dispute had ended in failure. The collapse of the talks means that President Kennedy will send to Congress today his recommendations for resolving the issues in the dispute, which threatens to erupt in a, national rail strike July 29. (1:1)

The civil rights issue has deeply divided the nation's Governors, who were preparing for the opening of their annual conference today. 14 Republican Governors resolved to demand a vote on the question, and a bitter floor fight is expected. (1:2-3)

President Kennedy plans to appoint Howard Jenkins, Jr., a Republican, to the National Labor Relations Board. He would be the first Negro to serve on the board. (1:1)

July 23, 1963

President Kennedy was reported yesterday to be studying plans for sending key Senators to Moscow for the conclusion of nuclear test ban negotiations. They would accompany W. Averell Harriman, the U. S. delegate to the talks with Britain and the Soviet Union, when he returns after a Washington briefing this week. The trip was planned to prepare the lawmakers for a fight expected over Congressional ratification-of a treaty. (1:1)

"Further progress" toward a treaty draft was reported in Moscow. Western delegates were said to be confident that a treaty would be signed but were not sure when. (1:2)

African spokesmen warned the Security Council to make Portugal comply with United Nations calls for independence for her African colonies. (1:2-3)

Across First Avenue at his delegation headquarters, Adlai E. Stevenson exchanged views with a group of Negroes criticizing the United States attitude toward South Africa's policy of racial separation. Staging a two-hour sit-in, the group also charged that Washington was supplying arms to Portugal for use against independence drives. (6:4-7)

With a nationwide rail strike threatened for midnight Monday, President Kennedy asked Congress to let the Interstate Commerce Commission handle the 'Labor dispute. He proposed that the commission have power to decide on work-rule changes that would be in effect for two years or until labor and management agreed on their own. In the meantime, strikes and lockouts would be forbidden. (1:8; Text, pg. 12)

The Governors' Conference in Miami avoided a civil rights stand by voting to drop its resolutions committee. By a vote of 33 to 16, the Republicans lost an effort to force a rights roll-call but won a political triumph by forcing the Democrats to oppose it. (1:5)

Negotiations at the Justice Department between both sides in the Cambridge, Md. racial dispute were described last night as having made "considerable progress." Burke Marshall, civil rights chief in the department, conducted the session. (17:4)

Small Business Administration gets new head. (Pg. 59)

F.B.I. agent held in contempt for refusing to talk. (pg. 60)

July 24, 1963

The United States was reported yesterday to have persuaded the Soviet Union to sign a treaty for a limited nuclear test ban with no East-West strings attached. The Administration will promise to begin talks on nonaggression pact and other cold war issues. Hopes rose in Washington that a test ban accord would be signed separately, but there was some official hedging on predictions. (1:1)

The arrangements for a nonaggression treaty were said to be discussed in Moscow by the three: powers negotiating the test ban. The Soviet Foreign Minister was reported to be seeking assurances that negotiations on the nonaggression issue would begin if the Kremlin initialed a partial test ban. (4:4-6)

The Administration, in the person of Secretary of State Rusk, moved to head off Senate opposition to the treaty. He apparently told the Foreign Relations Committee about the final draft and gave assurances that nothing in it would hurt the United States. (5:3)

Optimism over a test ban has led Prime Minister Macmillan to hint that rumors of an East-West Summit meeting for September are true. (1:2)

In Paris, informed sources, said France's attitude toward her allies, including the United States, had been made more cooperative by the Moscow talks and the Chinese-Soviet schism. (6:4)

At the United Nations, the Soviet Union asked the Security Council to impose an economic and political boycott on Portugal. (1:2-3)

The United Arab Republic put a couple of new missiles on view -- one made in the Soviet Union and one a local product. (1:2-4)

President Kennedy asked Congress to do away with our quota system for admitting immigrants. In effect since 1924, the quotas would thus be reduced by 20 per cent in each of the next five years. With them would go the sharp curtailment of aliens from southern Europe and racial-origin restrictions on Asians. Officials thought Italy's immigration would rise most sharply if the quotas are rescinded. (1:8; Text, pg. 12)

Without yielding, the nation's railroads were under pressure from Congress to call off the deadline for changes in work rules so the lawmakers could act. They said they needed more time to consider the Interstate Commerce Commission's role as peacemaker in the dispute. (1:2-3)

The Securities and Exchange Commission approved in principle a majority of points made last week by its study group. These included the abolition of floor trading and reduction of commissions investors must pay. (1:7)

In Attorney General Kennedy's office, a formal agreement to end the racial struggle in Cambridge, Md., was signed. Under its terms, Negro desegregation demonstrations will be halted "for an indefinite period." The key to the settlement, reached after 72 hours of Federal intervention, was Negro acceptance of a possible referendum in the Eastern Shore town that would deal with desegregation of privately owned public facilities. (1:4; Text, pg. 16)

The Administration's rights program came in for partisan attacks for the first time before the Senate Commerce Committee, which heard testimony from Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., the acting Commerce Secretary. (17:2-3)

Mass demonstrations to impede construction projects where discrimination allegedly exists resulted in more than 150 arrests here. In Brooklyn and Queens, the arrests made a nine-day total of nearly 450. (1:5)

Contacts with Korth on TFX disclosed. (pg. 14)

July 25, 1963

After nearly three hours of intensive negotiations, delegates of the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain arrived last night at a formula for overcoming the final hurdle to concluding a treaty for a partial nuclear test ban. The Russians agreed that the accord should not be conditioned on the signing of an East-West nonaggression pact. The Western powers, in turn, pledged to undertake, in consultation with their NATO allies, substantive talks on the nonaggression issue. If the three Governments speedily approve this formula, a treaty to ban nuclear tests in the atmosphere, in space and under water could be initialed today. (1:8)

The terms of the nuclear accord were outlined before three Senate committees by Secretary of State Rusk. After the briefing, some key Senators seemed convinced that a partial ban would make the world a great deal safer, but a smaller group still expressed cautious skepticism. (1:6-7)

In Western Europe, the French Government plans to reject today a United States backed study of NATO's strategic needs and resources. France is opposed to the study, Paris officials said, because it would empower an international commission to veto a government's policies. (1:4)

Addressing the United Nations Security Council, Portugal challenged her African accusers to visit her African territories to see the reforms she has put into effect since 1961. (1:5)

Acting in retaliation for the freezing of Cuban accounts in United States banks, the Cuban Government expropriated the United States Embassy building and grounds in Havana. The decree was protested by the Swiss mission, which has represented Washington since 1961. (1:5)

The nation's railroads will reply today to urgent Congressional requests to delay for 30 days new work-rules changes that would touch off a rail strike Tuesday. The changes would abolish thousands of jobs. (1:1)

Secretary of the Navy Fred Korth has offered to resign if it can be shown that he acted improperly in awarding the TFX airplane contract. He made the offer in an apparently bitter exchange with Senator Karl Mundt during a Senate hearing. (6:4-7)

The Administration has agreed to broaden the constitutional base for its proposed ban on discrimination in public accommodations. It would rely on the 14th Amendment, involving citizens' equal protection of the laws, as well as on the interstate commerce clause. (1:2)

Partisan maneuvering on civil rights continued almost to the final gavel of the Governors Conference in Miami Beach. Republicans forced into the record a minority report stressing the absence of antidiscrimination provisions in Administration bills. (10:4)

TV film portrays Kennedys in racial crisis. (pg. 1)

Defense move to dismiss Hoffa case fails. (pg. 28)

July 26, 1963

Six initials sealed yesterday one of the most important East-West accords since World War II. The initials, signifying pledges by the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain to prohibit nuclear testing in the atmosphere, in space and under water, were W. Averell Harriman's "W.A.H.," Andrei Gromyko's "A.G." and Viscount Hailsham's lone "H." The three men initialed the treaty in the white marble conference room of a 19th-century Moscow mansion. Lord Halisham looked vigorous, but Mr. Harriman and Mr. Gromyko were drawn and tired after 10 days of hard bargaining. (1:5-7)

The three officials also made public a communiqué that termed the partial test-ban treaty "an important first step toward the reduction of international tension." It said the delegates "look forward to further progress in this direction." (1:8; Text, pg. 8)

The historic agreement was hailed in Western capitals and in Moscow. (9:1)

The Kennedy Administration has no illusions that the cold war is about to end, but it is pleased and hopeful that the treaty may lead to more important East-West accords. (9:8)

In a radio and television address tonight, President Kennedy will caution the nation against expecting too much from the signing of the partial test ban treaty. (1:7)

In a report to Paris on the Moscow negotiations, Mr. Kennedy expressed hope that President de Gaulle would join in the agreement. (1:5)

The Senate is expected to approve the nuclear treaty by the required two thirds majority. Democratic leaders are trying to muster as near a unanimous vote as possible. (1:6)

The Joint Chiefs of Staff are also expected to endorse it, despite what one of them described as the "risk" inherent in any treaty with the Soviet Union. (9:2-4)

Despite the shifting desires and fears of both sides, the nuclear agreement is the first advance since World War II along the tortuous path to disarmament. (10:2-7)

The accord may allay widespread concern about fallout, which, since 1945, has become sometimes an almost hysterical fear around the world. (10:4-6)

Policing the partial test ban is an exceedingly difficult business that has been generally underestimated. (10:1)

In London, Dr. Stephen Ward entered the witness box at his morals trial for the first time. (4:4; i)

The nation's railroads put off until Aug. 29 work-rules changes that would trigger a rail strike. By then, they hope, Congress will act to prevent a strike and provide a solution to the bitter four-year dispute. (1:1)

In a letter, Attorney General Kennedy said the Justice Department had no evidence that leaders of the civil rights movement were "Communists or Communist controlled". The charges were made by Governors Barnett of Mississippi and Wallace of Alabama. (1:2)

The resignation of Postmaster General J. Edward Day has been accepted by President Kennedy. In a letter to the President, Mr. Day said he was leaving because of "an unusual opportunity" as head of the Washington office of a Chicago law firm. (1:1)

The House Foreign Affairs Committee, voting 17-to-12, approved a ban on economic or military aid to Indonesia unless the President finds it vital to United States security interests. (1:4)

Rusk weighing extradition of Perez Jiminez. (pg. 2)

Luckert denies politics in TFX contract. (pg. 6)

July 27, 1963

Speaking to Americans last night in a "spirit of hope," President Kennedy termed the limited nuclear test-ban treaty a "victory for mankind" in its pursuit of peace. In a nationwide radio-television address, he described the agreement to prohibit nuclear tests everywhere but underground a "shaft of light cut into the darkness" of cold war discords. Warning that the East-West accord would not "cause the Communists to forgo their ambitions or eliminate the dangers of war," the President said it was nevertheless "a step toward peace -- a step toward reason". (1:8; Text, pg. 2)

Premier Khrushchev also described the treaty as a step toward peace, but he reiterated his opinion that a nonaggression pact was needed to assure peace. (1:6)

A West German spokesman said that a nonaggression pact should be designed to solve the problems" responsible for tension in Europe." In Bonn's opinion, the main problems are the partition of Germany and Communist pressure in Berlin. (1:7)

A violent 20-second earthquake devastated Skopje, Yugoslavia's fourth largest city. At least 500 persons were killed and 3,000 injured. Hundreds of buildings were destroyed in the 5:15 A.M. disaster. (1:2-4)

The United States, Britain and France told the United Nations Security Council they would not vote for an African-Asian resolution to order a partial embargo against arms shipments to Portugal. (1:3)

Fidel Castro called for Cuban-style revolutions throughout Latin America. Addressing a mass rally in Havana, the Premier declared the rebellions would be supported by the Kremlin. (6:7-8)

Swiss officials said they would not abandon the United States Embassy in Havana, which Cuba has expropriated unless physically forced to do so. (1:4)

At the request of a Senate committee, Secretary of Labor Wirtz began a new effort to mediate a settlement in the bitter railroad work-rules controversy. Mr. Wirtz said that President Kennedy believes the four-year dispute should eventually be resolved by collective bargaining. (1:1)

A 32 per cent rise in sugar prices and the first general price increase for cigarettes in more than five years helped push the Consumer Price Index to a new record in June. The index rose four-tenths of 1 per cent to a level of 106.6. (1:2)

Voting 3-to-2, the Civil Aeronautics Board canceled Northeast Airlines' New York-Florida route. The board also announced it would restore the airline to subsidy status to prevent its bankruptcy and preserve its New England service. The board's minority accused the majority of showing favoritism to the remaining two airlines in the prized New York-Florida run. (1:1)

Industry officials called the decision a constructive move to reduce heavy competition. (21:4-5)

The Mayor of Atlanta urged a Senate committee to approve legislation to eliminate segregation, "slavery's stepchild." Ivan Allen Jr. expressed pride in Atlanta's efforts to desegregate public places, but he said "it has been a long, exhausting and often discouraging process." (1:5; Excerpts, pg. T)

The Government announced stern measures to prevent racial discrimination in union-management apprenticeship programs it sponsors. Spokesmen for labor and management said the new regulations could destroy the programs. (1:3)

Any areas near military bases that practice "relentless discrimination" against Negroes are to be designated as "off limits" to servicemen, under a new directive by the Defense Department. (1:4)

F.C.C. criticizes space satellite corporation. (pg. 9)

July 28, 1963

Looking tired but happy, W. Averell Harriman returned yesterday from the nuclear test-ban negotiations in Moscow with a report that Muscovites had reacted to the new treaty with "real rejoicing." It was "fairly plain," he added, that Premier Khrushchev had wanted to show the Chinese Communists that his peaceful coexistence policy could "produce some results." The Under Secretary of State delivered a personal message from Mr. Khrushchev to President Kennedy during a talk at the President's summer home at Hyannis Port, Mass. Mr. Kennedy's aides reported that public reaction was running more than 40 to 1 in favor of his appeal for ratification of the treaty. (1:8)

The United States is now launching a major probe of Soviet intentions to determine how much East-West collaboration the Kremlin is prepared to consider. (1:6)

In conjunction with this, United States officials also began a series of consultations with their allies to find a basis for a new understanding with Moscow on European security. It might lead to talks on a limited military disengagement in Central Europe. (1:7)

The Indian Government announced it would sign a nuclear test-ban treaty "as soon as it is available for signature." (13:1)

The death toll in the earthquake that ravaged Skopje, Yugoslavia, rose to more than 1,000. The bodies of probably 1,000 other victims were trapped in the rubble of smashed apartment houses and homes. (1:5)

President Kennedy, voicing his sorrow over the earthquake disaster to President Tito and the people of Yugoslavia, offered United States aid in any way that was needed. Mr. Kennedy ordered a United States Army field hospital, with full staff and equipment, flown from West Germany. Before dawn today 27 transport planes had taken the 120-bed hospital to Belgrade, whence it was going overland by truck convoy to Skopje. (3:1)

The Kennedy Administration has approved changes in the Alliance for Progress to increase Latin America's participation and responsibility in guiding the 10-year program. Some shifts in the leadership of the program are also expected. (1:2-3)

Government efforts to mediate the railroad work-rules controversy continued under more pressure from Congress for a negotiated settlement. Secretary of Labor Wirtz held two sessions with officials of labor and management, but prospects for an accord were no brighter than before. (1:2-3)

The nation's balance-of-payments deficit, according to a study by the Brookings Institution, has prevented the United States from reaching full employment and has impaired its foreign aid program. The study concluded that new international financial machinery was needed to handle the problem. (1:4)

The National Urban League, the nation's least turbulent civil rights organization, opened its 53d annual convention in Los Angeles with mounting militancy. (1:2)

A resolution calling upon all Roman Catholics to support the President's civil rights program received preliminary approval at an emergency meeting of the National Catholic Conference for Racial Justice. (1:3)

A full-scale inquiry into the proliferating research programs operated by the Government is being planned in the House. The investigation, as projected by the House Rules Committee, would seek a clear picture of the volume, scope, cost and conduct of the $14 billion-a-year projects. Projects of the national space agency are already under pressure in Congress. (1:1)

U. S. denies debt in Cuban exchange. (pg. 24)

Freeman may depart as agriculture head. (pg. 36)

Massachusetts Senators protest Northeast curb. (pg. 54)

July 29, 1963

Secretary of State Rusk and Under Secretary W. Averell Harriman will go before the foreign relations panels of the Senate and the House today to explain the nuclear treaty to ban all but underground tests. The Administration is eager to win broad political support for the accord and the legislators want a firsthand briefing. (1:8)

When Mr. Rusk flies to Moscow late this week for the formal signing of the nuclear treaty, he will carry a cordial message from President Kennedy to Premier Khrushchev. Mr. Rusk will lead a sizable delegation of Administration officials and members of Congress, including some Republicans. (1:6-7)

Mr. Harriman, who negotiated the treaty with the Russians and the British, will also return to Moscow for the signing ceremonies. Some officials believe the 71-year-old diplomat may be the ideal man for the new phase of East-West diplomacy because of his long experience with the Russians. (2:4-5)

The achievement of an East-West nuclear accord has enabled Prime Minister Macmillan to regain the initiative in the leadership crisis in Britain's Conservative party. His political fortunes have risen sharply since the Profumo scandal threatened to topple his Government last month. (1:6-7)

In Korea, two United States soldiers were killed and a third was wounded in a machinegun and grenade attack just south of the demilitarized zone. The United Nations command said that seven ambush positions had been found near the scene of the attack and that "we can assume there were seven North Korean soldiers in the raiding party." (1:7)

George F. Kennan led a group of 40 United States Embassy employees in Belgrade in donating blood for the victims of the earthquake. This was one of his last acts before leaving Yugoslavia after serving two years as the United States Ambassador. (4:4-6)

Full constitutional government was restored in Peru as President Fernando Belaunde Terry assumed office before a joint session of Congress. (7:3)

A debt-conscious Congress looks forward to the probable postponement of an Administration request to raise the ceiling on the national debt for a few months. Secretary of the Treasury Dillon is expected to tell a House committee today that the Government will be able to live under the present ceiling of $309 billion beyond Sept. 1. (1:1)

A manufacturer's announcement disclosed that some of the nation's latest intercontinental ballistic missiles were equipped with decoys or other devices for eluding defensive weapons. (10:3-4)

On Cape Cod, the President and most of the Kennedy clan celebrated the First Lady's 34th birthday with cruising, swimming and a full day in the sun. Caroline, the President's 5-year-old daughter, jumped over the side of the Honey Fitz to join her father, swimming in Nantucket Sound. (1:3)

Twenty-two autos for every mile of road in U. S. (pg. 1)

Catholics will integrate four Louisiana schools. (pg. 9)

Obituaries: Mark W. Cresap, Jr., ex-Westinghouse president. (pg. 19)

July 30, 1963

At an Elysee Palace news conference yesterday, President de Gaulle of France said he would not join in the partial nuclear test ban treaty. In his eighth such conference since 1958, he said France would stay out of the pact while the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union continued to produce nuclear arms. The President called instead for limitations on nuclear delivery systems and rejected an East-West nonaggression pact. (1:6-8; Text, pg. 10)

The Soviet press in Moscow compared the Chinese Communist leaders who had denounced the test ban pact to the "worst" of capitalist "extremists." (11:3)

In Washington, W. Averell Harriman said Premier Khrushchev was not too worried about China's nuclear capability. After secret Senate testimony, Mr. Harriman said that he had discussed the subject of Peking's armament with the Soviet leader. (1:6-'T)

As part of a project to gain access to Africa, the Russians were reported to be building a jet airport for Yemen. A related aim of the project would be to give more direct access to Cuba and Latin America, something the United States is watching with concern. (1:7-8)

At the United Nations, progress was reported on a compromise resolution directed at independence for Portugal's African colonies. The United States and Norway met with African representatives and agreed on Secretary General Thant's role in persuading Portugal to comply. (1:5)

A group of Philadelphia Negro ministers and lay leaders announced a nonprofit project to train and retrain minority group members for the "industrial market on an intensified and vast scale." (15:1-7)

The ultraconservative John Birch Society reported in Boston that its annual income from contributions and dues had increased in 1962 by about $200,000. (32:2)

President Kennedy announced that the Weather Bureau would have a new chief. The appointee is Robert M. White, president of a research center. He replaces Francis W. Reichelderfer, who is retiring after 25 years on the job. (1:1-2)

Korth's TFX role is called "shocking." (Pg. 7)

Distressed areas measure pushed in the House. (pg. 30)

July 31, 1963

The United States indicated readiness yesterday to retaliate against the Common Market for its tariffs that prevent most U. S. poultry from entering West Germany. After legal steps, such retaliation would be a levy on market imports equal in value to the chickens. The Market's Council of Ministers rejected a U. S. request that it change its tariff policy on chickens, one regarded as a test case. (1:8)

Secretary of State Rusk will fly to Moscow this weekend to sign the three-power nuclear test ban treaty. The Administration is having some difficulty mustering bipartisanship in Mr. Rusk's entourage. Diplomatic obstacles also seem to be looming over talks Mr. Rusk will have on a nonaggression pact. (1:7)

After a six-week recess, the 17-nation Geneva disarmament conference resumed in an optimistic atmosphere brought on by the nuclear pact. (2:6-7)

French Government sources said Paris would watch President Kennedy's news conference today for signs of willingness to hold East-West discussions on disarmament measures, particularly a ban on nuclear delivery systems. (2:1)

The Security Council suspended debate on independence for Portugal's African colonies after the United States refused to accept a partial arms embargo on Portugal. (1:6-7)

After the third U. S. soldier was killed by North Koreans, Washington expressed concern that current clashes in Korea may mean new Communist pressure in Asia. (1:5)

H. A. R. Philby, an alleged British spy for the Soviet Union, was given political asylum by the Kremlin. The former journalist, "third man" in the Burgess-MacLean case, also received Soviet citizenship. (1:8)

Three Southeast Asian nations, the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaya, opened their talks on the formation of the new Federation of Malaysia. (1:4)

The Atomic Energy Commission approved a bill to allow individuals to own fissionable material. The Government would continue to regulate use of the material -- including uranium and plutonium. (1:3)

The design and construction of nuclear submarines is undergoing a re-evaluation. It was begun after a Navy court of inquiry found that the submarine Thresher was lost on April 10 probably because of engine room flooding. (1:6)

A nuclear physicist from the United States and one from the Soviet Union shared a $75,000 award and received gold medals for their independent discoveries -- about 20 years ago -- of a concept that has improved "atom smashers." (1:3-4)

A top level national committee to handle racial discrimination in the construction industry was formed. Set up by labor and management, the group's first task will be to plan for equal apprenticeship opportunities for Negroes. (1:2)

Representative Emanuel Celler agreed to incorporate a Fair Employment Practices Commission provision into the Administration's civil rights bill, but said he would not guarantee that his Judiciary Committee would approve it. (13:2-3)

A boycott of New York City's schools was threatened by the N.A.A.C.P. unless the Board of Education announces an integration plan by Sept. 1. Such a boycott might coincide with a possible teachers' strike. (1:2)

Justice Department opposes merger of banks. (pg. 33)