1-7 | 8-14 | 15-21 | 22-30

November 1, 1961

Monday’s massive Soviet nuclear blast raised more than clouds of fallout and storms of protest. It also stirred up greater pressure yesterday for American resumption of above-ground tests. No decision has been made, but the consensus in Washington was that the Unites States would have no choice, if the arms race continued unabated. (1:8)

Concern that the Russians might be making progress in weapons development was increased by American detection of two more Soviet tests. (1:6-7)

Another indication that the West might resume atmospheric tests came soon after Queen Elizabeth rode in her coach to Westminster to open Parliament. After her speech, Prime Minister Macmillan told Commons that the United States and Britain might have to test such nuclear arms as an anti-missile missile to prevent aggression. (1:6-7)

Premier Khrushchev had good reason for his jovial mood at the final session of the Soviet Communist party congress. He emerged as much in control of the party as ever and Frol R. Koslov was confirmed as his undisputed second-in-command and heir apparent. (5:3)

Although Mr. Khrushchev triumphed on domestic policies, observers believed that he had lost stature within the Communist bloc by intensifying his ideological dispute with Peiping. (5:3)

Mr. Khrushchev’s bid to Finland for talks on joint defense against West Germany and its allies was viewed as a major diplomatic assault on the already nervous Scandinavian peoples, possibly aimed at disrupting NATO and making Finland support Moscow’s German policy. (1:1)

Augustus John--the grand old man of British painting--died at the age of 83. (1:3-4)

At one minute past midnight, the Interstate Commerce Commission’s new rules against bus and railroad segregation took effect. But even before then the Justice Department had moved to head off interference in Mississippi. Government lawyers asked a Federal judge for a temporary order to keep Mississippi authorities from enforcing state laws in conflict with ICC rules. The judge denied the request, but agreed to ask a special court to hear the suit. (1:1)

A study of the effects of major hydrogen bomb explosions indicates that they would greatly reduce the value of fall-out shelters in urban areas. The study found that there would be so many resulting fires and, in turn, fire storms, that the air would be poisoned with carbon monoxide and the oxygen would simply be used up. (15:8)

Both the White House and Pentagon were evidently embarrassed by remarks attributed to General Van Fleet, who was quoted as having said that Berlin, Laos and possible South Vietnam were lost to communism. He also allegedly said that he would have "fired" Adlai E. Stevenson as chief delegate to the United Nations after the failure of the Cuban invasion. According to an announcement Oct. 11, the general was to have begun serving Monday as an Army consultant on guerrilla war. (1:7)

Kennedy now meeting Cabinet every two weeks. (2)

November 2, 1961

Military Officials are pressing the Kennedy Administration to approve atomic testing in the atmosphere to develop a new arsenal of nuclear weapons, from bombs that would jam international communications to warheads that would knock down incoming missiles. (1:6)

Nonetheless, the United States again assured the United Nations of the West’s readiness to sign a treaty banning nuclear testing. (3:1)

West Berlin policemen began checking the identity of all Soviet bloc diplomats entering West Berlin in civilian cars. The identity controls were ordered by the Western allies after it became known that known that Soviet bloc diplomat’s cars were being used to carry East Germans into the Western sector. (1:7)

The Soviet people learned that Stalin’s body has been removed from the Lenin Mausoleum and buried near the Kremlin wall, behind the Mausoleum. Fur-hatted policemen in long coats stood by impassively as Muscovites gathered in knots to defend Stalin, to denounce him or to seek the reasons for the move. (8:3)

A new United States trade policy, calling for broad tariff reductions and a sharp departure from protectionism, was advocated by a top Administration official. Under Secretary of State George W. Ball told the final dinner session of the National Foreign Trade Convention of the "startling effects" of the European Common Market as the compelling factor in opening a new era of "Open competitive trading" among nations of the non-Communist world. (1:8; Text 17)

A proposal that the United States form a "trade partnership" with the Common Market was laid before Congress by two ranking officials of the Eisenhower and Truman Administration. (1:7; Text, 16).

President Kennedy’s economy appeal has produced a budget cut of $101,495,000 for health, education and welfare (1:4)

Clay’s presence gives a lift to U.S. Berlin welfare. (11)

China warns U.S. on sending troops to Vietnam. (22)

November 3, 1961

President Kennedy emerged from a meeting of the National Security Council yesterday to announce, in a clipped, solemn manner, that he had ordered preparations for resumptions of atmospheric tests that might be necessary to maintain United States superiority in nuclear weapons. But the President said that the approval for nuclear tests would be given only if an evaluation of the latest Soviet test series showed that they were necessary "to maintain our responsibilities to free world security." (1, Col. 1; Text, 2)

Shortly after his statement the United States announced that the Soviet Union had detonated two more atmosphere explosions in the Artic. (2:5)

An appeal to the atomic powers to refrain from nuclear tests was approved by the United Nations Political Committee in a 72-to-21 vote despite opposition by those powers. (3:1)

An East--West disagreement over the election of an Acting Secretary General of the United Nations was resolved. U Thant Burma will be elected today. (1:2-3)

Nobel prizes in science were awarded to a chemist and a physicist from the United States, Profs. Melvin Calvin and Robert Hofstadter, and a physicist from West Germany, Dr. Rudolf L. Moessbauer. (1:7)

In a statement to the Senate subcommittee, Maj. Gen. Edwin A. Walker disclosed his decision to resign from the Army. (1:5)

James Thurber, writer and humorist, died of pneumonia in New York. (1:3-4)

President Kennedy paid for a four-and-a-half-hour visit to New York to give a strong endorsement of Mayor Wagner’s bid for a third term at City Hall. (1:8)

Later the President flew to Trenton to address a cheering crowd of more than 12,000 at a rally for Richard J. Hughes, the Democratic gubernatorial candidate in New Jersey. (1:7; Text, 26)

Japanese problems outlined at parley with U.S. (5)

November 4, 1961

Gen Maxwell D. Taylor arrived in Washington yesterday and briefed President Kennedy for two hours on his mission to Southeast Asia. After the White House conference it was reported that the President remains strongly opposed to the dispatch of United States combat troops to South Vietnam. It was understood that General Taylor did not look favorably on the sending of the troops now but that he would probably recommend the dispatch of more Army specialists in anti-guerrilla warfare to train Vietnamese troops, communications and transport specialists and Army engineers to help combat flood problems. (1:8)

Premier Khrushchev appeared more concerned about the Berlin dispute. After a sixty-five-minute talk in the Kremlin, the President of the Council of the Inter-parliamentary Union quoted the Soviet leader as having said that Moscow wanted a proper settlement and, therefore, did not intend to act hastily. (1:6-7)

A six-week controversy at the United Nations ended with the unanimous election of U Thant of Burma as acting Secretary General. (1:5; Text, 2)

Mrs. John F. Kennedy will visit India and Pakistan for about two weeks, starting Nov. 20. The White House announced that the main purpose of her trip would be to visit "educational and research centers" and to see "historical art treasures." (1:8)

Kennedy and Senghor hold wide-ranging talk. (3)

U.S. and Japan join in pledge to aid needy lands. (5)

November 5, 1961

Diplomatic sources said yesterday that the Soviet leader had declared that Moscow would be prepared to extend its series of nuclear explosions if the United States resumed tests in the atmosphere. The warning was viewed as an effort to restrict the United Stated testing after the Soviet Union had achieved the technical objectives in its own series. (1:8)

The United Sates reported that the Soviet tests were continuing. Washington announced that the thirty-five device in the series had been detonated in the atmosphere. (18:1)

Moves by Communist authorities against Western rights in Berlin were highlighted by the chasing and blocking of four United Sates Army vehicles carrying uniformed soldiers on routine patrols. (1:6)

Washington was also unhappy about the handling and the outcome of the recent conflict and confusion over identification papers on Berlin’s intercity order. Many United States officials privately concede that the dispute reinforced the city’s division (1:7)

In another East-West dispute, the United States is expected to press the Government of South Vietnam to undertake major economic, social and military reforms to provide a basis for increased United States support against Communist attacks. (1:6-7)

The Navy has begun an intensive study of anti-submarine warfare that may eventually result in the establishment of a global ocean surveillance system. A three-man group, described as "the best the Navy has," has been visiting operational commands and facilities and is expected to make its recommendations in the next few months. (1:4)

A message from the Navy destroyer Laffey, one of the greyhounds of the fleet, signaled the beginning of a new era in surface sea power. The Life reported that her crew’s "wet hats are off" to the huge nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Enterprise, which outraced her during sea trials at a speed exceeding 10 miles an hour. (45:1)

The Army tersely announced it had accepted the resignation of Maj. Gen. Edwin A. Walker, effective immediately. (59:1)

November 6, 1961

A majority of NATO members have expressed have alarm to the United States over its recent display of force in escorting American officials into East Berlin. This was believe yesterday to be factor, if not the major one, in Washington’s decision to call off the Berlin command’s strong tactics after Soviet and American tanks had confronted one another on the intracity border. Worried NATO officials have asked whether the United States would risk war to protect its rights, not just in West Berlin, but in East Berlin as well. (1:1)

Toss said further Western nuclear tests might compel Moscow to extend its own program to keep the Allies from gaining a lead in the atomic arms development. Moscow accused that the United States might resume atmospheric tests. (1:2)

Although the Russians assailed American nuclear plans, they had 2,000 jamming transmitters in action to prevent the Voice of America from giving Soviet listeners their first word of their own country’s tests. Pitting fifty-two transmitters against Soviet jammers, voice officials believed that some of the broadcasts broke through. (1:1)

The Pentagon was braced for criticism. Officials expected attacks on Secretary of Defense McNamara’s decision not to spend funds appropriated from bombers and space gliders and on the issue of silencing officers who express Right Wing views. (1:4)

Richard P. Hughes, father of Jersey candidate, died. (37)

Dr. Channing Tobias, ex-chairman of N.A.A.C.P. died.

Kennedy’s labor-management panel works quietly. (59)

November 7, 1961

At meetings marked by sharp American and Soviet exchanges yesterday, the United Nations adopted two resolutions aimed at ending nuclear tests. The General Assembly voted overwhelmingly for an immediate voluntary test halt, despite warnings by all the atomic powers that they would not heed it. The split was dramatized by a line-up of ten Western and ten Soviet-bloc nations against seventy-one countries favoring the moratorium. In Political Committee, and American-British can for new test-ban negotiations was adopted easily. (1:1)

East German and West Berlin policemen threw 150 gas containers at one another across the wall that was built by the Communists. (3:1)

The United States Ambassador to Venezuela--Teodoro Moscoso of Puerto Rico, will become the Latin-American area administrator of the Agency for International Development. In effect, he will be head of President Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress. (1:7)

The President spent most of the day with Prime Minister Nehru of India, whom he said the world looked up to as it had to Abraham Lincoln, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Gandhi. In conversations at Newport, R.I., and later aboard the President’s plane en route to Washington, they concentrated on Southeast Asian problems. (1:2-3)

Tragedy again struck the super-carrier Constellation as the great ship underwent builder’s trials off the Atlantic Coast. A boiler room fire killed four men and injured nine others. Last December, when the warship was under construction, fifty civilian workmen died and more than 150 others were hurt in a fire. (1:6)

Fire raged in suburban Los Angeles, where it threatened the home of former Vice President Nixon and endangered hundreds of other residences in the area around Hollywood Hills. (1:4-6)

November 8, 1961

Mayor Wagner won a third term by piling up a plurality of almost 100,000 votes. (1:8)

Richard J. Hughes was elected Governor of New Jersey in an upset of national significance. The Democratic former judge had a plurality of about 10,000 votes over James P. Mitchell, former Secretary of Labor in the Eisenhower Administration and the favorite at the campaign’s outset. (1:4).

As the communist world celebrated the forty-fourth anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution, Premier Khrushchev interrupted a conversation with foreign ambassadors to conduct an impromptu news conference at a reception in the Kremlin’s Palace of Congresses. He indicated that Moscow was ready for a respite in the Berlin dispute and in nuclear testing. The Soviet Leader counseled patience on Berlin "for the time being" and declared that Moscow would continue nuclear tests if the Western powers conducted further tests. (1:1)

Dr. Konrad Adenauer was elected Chancellor of West Germany for the fourth consecutive term, but his margin of victory in Bonn’s Parliament was only eight more that necessary. (4:3)

Shortly after his re-election, the White House announced that he would confer with President Kennedy in Washington Nov.20 and 21 for a "thorough review" of the Berlin crisis. (1:2-3)

Mr. Kennedy and Prime Minister Nehru agreed that the West’s right of access to Berlin must be guaranteed in any settlement of the dispute. (1:2-3)

The Atomic Energy Commission has adopted a policy that would enable universities to make a profit on their management of the commission’s national laboratories. (37:8)

Kennedy says our economy must be strong. (21)

Udall aide announces shift in power policy. (21)

November 9, 1961

The mountains around Quito, Ecuador, echoed with explosions yesterday as Air Force jets swooped down on the Legislative Palace to force an Army-backed judge to give up his claim to the Presidency. Shortly after the air attack, reported to have been made with rockets and machine guns, radio stations and loudspeakers announced that Chief Justice Camilo Gallegos Toledo had relinquished his claim in favor of the Vice President, Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy, a Leftist. (1:4)

The United Nations General Assembly, by 71-to-11 vote, asked the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union to resume negotiations at once for a treaty prohibiting nuclear tests. (1:2)

At least seventy-seven persons were killed when a chartered airliner carrying Army recruits to training camp crashed and burned near Richmond, VA. The four-engine Lockheed Constellation had taken off from Newark Air Port, made stops at Wilkes-Barre and Baltimore, and as en route to Fort Jackson, S.C. (1:1)

On the first anniversary of his election, President Kennedy looked back on some of his accomplishments in office and found them to be good. At his news conference he cited "important contributions" to national security, a series of other legislative achievements, and he defended his Administration against a charge of being "anti-business." (15:2; Text, 14)

The President also declared that the Soviet Union, with its latest nuclear series, had created more radioactive fall-out than the other nuclear powers combined. (3:1)

Mr. Kennedy announced that the former President Eisenhower had agreed to accept quasi-governmental service as board chairman of a new citizens’ committee responsible for the "People-to-People" program that Mr. Eisenhower originated. (1:1)

On the subject of foreign trade, the President said the United States should start now to reshape its policy to meet the challenges and obligations that it faces around the world. He predicted "serious economic trouble" if United States trade with the European Common Market were limited by tariff restrictions. But he also noted that Washington had obligations to other countries that depend on expert sales. (1:5)

Democratic leaders in Washington acclaimed Mr. Wagner the "undisputed leader" of the party in New York State. The party leaders from President Kennedy down also rejoiced over Democratic victories in Texas and New Jersey. (1:8)

Kennedy backs Adenauer on militarism charges. (5)

Kennedy hopeful on fall-out shelter date. (4)

Oklahoma Governor named to foreign aid mission. (11)

Kennedy rebukes Day on Negro mailmen. (22)

November 10, 1961

The Soviet Union has informally proposed a compromise solution of the Berlin dispute that appears to involve a retreat from the previous stand rejected by the West. Sources in Moscow reported yesterday that the Kremlin had indicated to the Western powers it was ready to negotiate on the basis of the following three points: First, there shall be a Big Four agreement on a stature for a free city of West Berlin guaranteeing its freedom and freedom of access of it. Second, East Germany shall conclude an agreement with Moscow pledging to respect the provisions of the agreement between Moscow and the West. Finally, the Western powers, together with West Germany, shall agree to respect the sovereignty of East Germany. Officials in Washington saw no significant retreat by Moscow. (1:1)

President Kennedy was concerned with the Berlin problems. After four days of talks with Prime Minister Nehru, the two leaders issued a communiqué asserting the West’s "legitimate and necessary right of access" to the city. (1:2; Text, 8)

An apparent demonstration of the West’s right of access to Berlin will be made today. The United States Army announced that a motorized infantry company would drive up the autobahn from the West German border to the city in a convoy exercise. (1:2-3)

Increased efforts by Washington to strengthen another part of the world against Communist threats also became known. The United States Air Force has inaugurated a huge supply and training program in South Vietnam. The program involves the movement of American instructors, equipment, and planes, but not combat units. (1:3)

Fears of unrest evaporated in Ghana as Queen Elizabeth received an enthusiastic welcome from many thousands of Ghanaians on her arrival in Accra. (1:4)

Tension eased in Ecuador, which had been on the verge of a wide-scale revolution. Dr. Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy assumed the Presidency with backing by all the armed forces and a Cabinet ranging from conservative to moderate Socialist. (1:5)

If Air Force Maj. Robert M. White had been flying from New York to Washington he would have made it in three minutes. He piloted the X-15 research aircraft 4,070 miles an hour and then made a perfect landing at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., with a shattered windshield. (1:4-5)

Irvin C. Scarbeck, a former official in the American embassy in Warsaw, was sentenced to thirty years in prison for passing classified material to the Polish Government. The sentence was the maximum permissible, but he could be paroled after ten years. (18:4-5)

White House sources said President Kennedy would appear before both the National Association of Manufacturers and organized and organized labor’s biennial convention to further his Administration’s emerging trade policies. (19:2-7)

U.S. is planning study in evaluating jobless. (22)

November 11, 1961

Reports from Moscow that the Soviet Government had put forward compromise suggestions for a Berlin settlement were received in Washington with considerable skepticism. On the basis of available information, officials felt that even if the suggested settlement were a genuine offer from the Kremlin, it still did not represent any perceptible advance over previous Soviet suggestions. (1:1)

The reported proposals were also received coolly by Britain’s Foreign Secretary. However, he emphasized Britain’s reliance on negotiations as a means of settling disputes with Moscow. (1:2)

For the last two week the Strategic Air Command has quietly expanded its air alert tests into polar regions and across the Atlantic. Thus, B-52 jet bomber, presumably armed with nuclear weapons, have been engaged in flights that range beyond the usual routes for strategic aircraft based in the United States. It has also become known that several jet tankers had been flown to base in Spain. (1:4)

At Cape Canaveral, an Atlas rocket carrying a squirrel monkey was deliberately destroyed less than one minute after its launching on a planned flight of 5,000 miles. The rocket had veered suddenly and scientists immediately blew it up. (1:2-7)

The Atomic Energy Commission’s director of weapons development said that "significant advances" in the design of both strategic and tactical weapons could be achieved with further atomic testing. (1:3)

Former Presidents Truman and Eisenhower had their first talks in nine years. (1:2-4)

A library and museum to house the papers of the Kennedy Administration will be in Cambridge, Mass. The library, like that of the President’s predecessors, will be financed by voluntary contributions. (11:2-3)

Sources close to the President also said that he would take as active a part in the 1962 Congressional campaign as international problems permit. Mr. Kennedy’s decision is based on his understanding that the Democratic majority in the House faces a tough flight and his pleasure in the personal contact and uplift he derives from campaigning. (1:5)

U.S. acts to bar strike by Pan Am pilots. (48)

November 12, 1961

The twenty nations of the Atlantic community plan to announce this week their intention to achieve by 1970 a 50 percent increase in their combined economic output. Barring some unforeseen hitch, this goal will be set by the ministerial conference of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, which will meet in Paris Thursday and Friday. If the goal is realized, the combined gross national product of the Atlantic community would rise from about $866,000,000,000 a year to $1,300,000,000,000. The gross national product of the United States alone would increase from a present level of $520,000,000,000 to $780,000,000,000. (1:1)

Sources in London reported that British diplomats, seeking a key to a Berlin settlement, were paying discreet but earnest attention to suggestion that all or part of the United Nations headquarters be moved to West Berlin. Their interest has been heightened by Premier Khrushchev’s expressed willingness to consider the idea. (6:3)

Informants in the Soviet capital said that Georgi M. Malenkov, Vyacheslay M. Molotov and Lazar M. Kaganovich had been expelled by their Communist party cells and had appealed the decision. (1:2)

The President placed a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery. (1:8; Text of Address, 52)

A warning that forcible interference with United States’ rights and obligations would bring war, a war that the United States would win, was made by Secretary of Defense McNamara. He addressed a segregated audience in Atlanta after having crossed a Negro picket line protesting his appearance. (79:3)

In the Administration’s aid program for under-developed countries, Government surplus food will be used instead of dollars whenever possible. The State Department has instructed United States Ambassadors to use the surplus food to pay the wages of workers on development projects and for national school lunch programs. (46:1)

In the coming week the United States will attempt two capsule launchings to explore the safety of man in space. (44:1)

November 13, 1961

A heated debate is expected today at the First United Nations Security Council meeting in nine months on the complicated issue of the Congo. The eleven-member Council will seek to avert the threat of full-scale civil war. But most delegates are said to be reluctant to take any action that might involve the United Nations in further military operations there. (1:1)

To rebut charges of the "the instability, the unreliability of the German people," Chancellor Adenauer declared that his new coalition Government in Bonn would pursue the same foreign policy as before. He said that Bonn would "meet fully" its military obligations to NATO. (1:1)

Informants in Saigon reported that United States Air Force jets were flying reconnaissance missions over South Vietnam to pinpoint build-ups and movements of Communists rebel forces and their bases. Officials in Washington declined to comment. (1:2-3)

An immediate start on a radically revised program to modernize the nation’s system of air-traffic control was ordered by President Kennedy. The new concept is keyed to use of the automatic radio transmitters as beacons. Each plane under air-traffic control would carry a beacon that would radio the plane’s attitude to traffic-control centers. A report to the President said that tests of the beacons could start in eighteen months and that the system could be fully operational in five years. (1:8)

Problems with a space capsule forced Project Mercury scientists to postpone for at least a week plans to rocket a chimpanzee three around the earth. The delay apparently ended United States hopes of placing a man in orbit this year. The manned flight is now postponed until early 1962. (1:4)

The Kennedy Administration has taken all but the final decision to place before Congress in January a revolutionary foreign trade program. The program is directed at forestalling a division of the non-Communist world into competing and mutually harmful trading blocs, stimulating the economic systems of the United States and its trading partners and maintaining a lead over Soviet production for decades to come. (1:5)

November 14, 1961

With little hope of success, Washington and London asked the Russians yesterday for renewed nuclear test-ban talks at Geneva on or about Nov. 28. However, the United States stressed it would not enter into any uninspected, voluntary test halt during such talks. Moscow was expected to reject the proposal. Thus, the West seemed to be trying to place the psychological burden on Moscow for sending a block treaty and for causing for continued testing. (1:1; Text, 2)

The West German Ambassador to Moscow was to fly home today to face the possible loss of his post for using "unauthorized initiative" in proposing Berlin settlement terms to Premier Khrushchev. Bonn was worried by reports that its envoy’s action had made the Allies suspicious that West Germany was trying to deal separately with the Russians. (1:2-3)

The Soviet security police got a new chief, Vladimir Y. Semichastny, whose relatively minor position on the Communist party’s Central Committee indicated that the once-dreaded police apparatus had been further downgraded. (5:3)

South Africa was condemned in the United Nations General Assembly’s political committee for its racial separation policies. But attempts to have the country ousted from the world body and to impose sanctions against it failed to get enough votes to insure accomplishment of those ends. (1:5)

Saigon--the quiet, tropical capital of South Vietnam--is suddenly teeming with American officers. But United States spokesmen insist it is only coincidence that so many military men have arrived so soon after General Taylor’s survey of what the country needs to combat Communist guerillas. (23:3)

The United States’ balances of payments--the difference between the dollars it spends and receives in world trade--worsened last summer. It rose to an annual rate of $3,000,000,000 compared to $1,400,000 last winter, as the result of less foreign investment here and a rapid increase in imports caused by American recovery. (1:7-8)

Ambassador Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, one of the nation’s mist distinguished diplomats, died of a heart attack at the age of 64. He had cancer. (39:2-3)

In the White House, a select audience of musicians, art patrons, diplomats and officials listened to a concert who had not officially played in this century since 1928. (1:4-5)

Mayor Wagner was among the guests who enjoyed the White House concert. His pleasure may have been heightened by the fact that he had just take over as New York State’s chief dispenser of patronage for the Kennedy Administration. The Mayor said that all future Federal appointments in the state would be cleared through him until a permanent arrangement was made. (1:1)

Prized copy of Torah is presented to Kennedy. (6)

Opponent of free trade sees Kennedy today. (11)

Nixon attacks Kennedy and Brown on jobless. (28)

November 15, 1961

Relying mainly on hearsay evidence, four United Nations investigators reported yesterday that Patrice Lumumba, the Congo’s first Premier, was "in all probability" killed in the presence of President Tshombe of Katanga Province and two aides on Jan. 17, 1961. The report said the "weight of evidence" was against the Katanga government’s version, which had said Mr. Lumumba and two companions were slain by tribesmen on Feb. 12 after they had escaped from custody. Some of the blame was also put on President Kasavubu of the Central Government for turning Mr. Lumumba over to his "bitterest political enemies." (1:8; Text, 14)

Also at the United Nations, the General Assembly’s Political Committee overrode Western objections and adopted two resolutions to outlaw nuclear arms in war and ban nuclear tests and stockpiles in Africa. Asian, African and Soviet bloc members produced enough votes to insure final approval. (1:5)

The White House and the Kremlin had varying ideas on an American-sponsored international scientific meeting designed to spur cooperation in the use of weather satellites. After first accepting a United States invitation, the Russians spurned the parley without explaining why. (7:2)

In Hawaii, the American admiral in charge of the West’s antisubmarine network in the Pacific said the present system of protecting the United States against undersea attack was outmoded in the atomic age. He warned that submarine hunters were trying to find "today’s quarry with yesterday’s equipment." (13:1)

President Kennedy has ordered increased efficiency and economy in Federal offices outside Washington. To accomplish this, he directed that Federal Executive Boards be formed in Civil Service Districts to cut costs and improve the Government’s contact with the people. (1:1)

Kennedy promises all "possible aid" to Korea. (1)

U.S. denies delay on Tito aid plea. (11)

Kennedy greets poster girls in retardation drive. (38)

November 16, 1961

Acting Secretary General U Thant authorized the United Nations officials in the Congo to take "Every measure possible" to restore law and order in the provinces affected b the mutiny. He ordered the commander of the U.N. Congo force and the organization’s representative in Katanga to return to New York for consultations. (3:1)

The General Assembly’s Political Committee, the United States and the Soviet Union individually urged that disarmament talks be resumed immediately, and Moscow proposed that a treaty be prepared by June 1. But hopes for an early start in negotiations were dimmed by a harsh exchange between the two powers. (1:5)

President Kennedy named a twenty-three-member committee of Federal, state and local officials and citizens to help find jobs for nearly a million unemployed youths. The group will be headed by Secretary of Labor Goldberg, who recommended its establishment. (1:1; Text 22)

Politics will be on the President’s mind when he leaves Washington today on a three0day tour of the Far West. Along the route, which includes Seattle, Phoenix, San Diego and Los Angeles, Mr. Kennedy will honor two potent Senators, boost a political war chest for California Democrats and take the political pulse of three states. (11:1)

November 17, 1961

The General Assembly heard a stinging attack by Britain on "disgraceful" Soviet deceit on the issue of colonialism. (5:1)

The twenty nations of the Atlantic community agreed on a ten-year program to increase economic output by 50 per cent. The goal was somewhat less than that favored by the United States, which had in effect urged such an advance in nine years. (1:4)

Chancellor Adenauer, who was preparing for talks with President Kennedy next week, said that NATO should be able to order the use of atomic weapons without the prior authorization of Washington. The Chancellor also disclosed that Ambassador Hans Kroll would return to Moscow in a few days. (1:6)

Sam Rayburn, who was Speaker of the House for seventeen years, died in his sleep at Bonham, Tex. He was 79 years old. President Kennedy said that "this country has lost a devoted servant and the citizens of this country an unflinching friend." (28:7-8)

Mr. Rayburn’s successor as Speaker will almost certainly be John W. McCormack of Massachusetts, according to the near-unanimous consensus of political experts. (29:1)

President Kennedy told a convocation at the University of Washington that it was "a test of our national maturity" to accept the prospect that negotiations on Berlin and other world problems might not lead to victory or defeat. (1:5; Excerpts, 16)

The Civil Rights Commission reported that police lawlessness and brutality remained "a serious problem throughout the United States." A commission study found that "Negroes feel the brutality" and it recommended corrective action by both Congress and the Administration. (1:2; Excerpts, 22)

Kennedy approves defense aid for Vietnam. (1)

Now U.S. Controller assured of unit’s freedom. (49)

November 18, 1961

In a forthright session with the press yesterday, Secretary of State Rusk said that the Communist-built wall across Berlin certainly should not be accepted as permanent. But he indicated that the United States considered its removal more of an objective than a condition for negotiations with Moscow. He also said that he expected "extremely productive" consultation among the Western Allies in the next four weeks to develop a common position on Berlin and Germany. (1:1; Excerpts 6)

An account of the controversial conversation between Premier Khrushchev and West German Ambassador Hans Kroll on Nov. 9 disclosed that Dr. Kroll had suggested an arrangement for a "grand reconciliation" between Moscow and Bonn for settling the Berlin and German problems. (1:1)

In a diplomatic initiative of its own, the Soviet Union has informed Finland that it wants the Helsinki Government to send a delegation to Moscow "as soon as possible" for mutual defense talks. (1:4)

The new Soviet approach to Finland, following Moscow’s resumption of nuclear testing, reinforced the opinion of Western observers in Moscow that the Kremlin had decided to give more weight to military considerations in formulating foreign policy. (7:3-4)

Sweden and five other nonaligned nations proposed a United Nations inquiry into the possibility of a "nonnuclear club." In a joint resolution to the General Assembly’s Political Committee, they said that the members would be the powers ready to pledge not to manufacture or acquire nuclear weapons or allow them to be stored on their soil. (4:3)

The United States’ program for high efficiency in pushbutton warfare was also on the rise. A Minuteman missile was fired from a ninety-foot-deep pit and streaked 3,000 miles. (1:3)

Secretary of Defense McNamara emphasized that the Pentagon had "no present plans" to call to active duty any additional large numbers of men from the Reserve forces, including the National Guard. He expressed satisfaction with the progress of the current military build-up. (1:2)

President Kennedy invaded the conservative stronghold of Phoenix, Ariz., to tell Americans they could take pride in helping to preserve world peace. "Other countries look to their own interests," he said. "Only the United States bears this kind of burden." The occasion was a dinner honoring the state’s 84-year-old Senator Carl Hayden. (1:7)

Nearly 2,000 elderly persons attending a White House Regional Conference in New York heard a pledge by the Kennedy Administration that it would "never stop working" until a medical-care-for-the-aged bill was enacted under Social Security. (1:5)

Panamanians demand end of U.S. pact. (9)

United States stamp to honor Hammarskjöld. (26)

November 19, 1961

The Dominican Government announced yesterday that Gen. Rafael L. Trujillo Jr. had resigned as chief of the armed forces and sailed for Europe. The announcement came several days after two of his uncles had returned to the country. There was fear in Ciudad Trujillo that the two elder Trujillo might attempt a military coup to seek reestablishment of the kind of dictatorship the slain Generalissimo Trujillo had imposed on the Dominican Republic for thirty years. (1:8)

In Washington earlier, Secretary of State Rusk warned that the United States was considering "further measures" to make sure the Trujillo family did not "reassert dictatorial domination." The new measures, it was believed, could range from a total economic boycott to the landing of marines in the Dominican Republic. (1:7)

Finland proposed that Premier Khrushchev received President Urho Kekkonen for a discussion of the Soviet demand for joint defense talks. The Finnish Government, which fears for its neutrality, sees a talk between the two leaders as the only chance to avoid the military consultations. (6:1)

President Kennedy took the occasion of a Democratic Party dinner at the Hollywood Palladium to speak out against ultra-conservative organizations. The President’s statement did not mention the John Birch Society or the so-called Minutemen by name but he left no doubt about whom he meant. He scored those groups "on the fringes of out society" who sought "to escape their own responsibility by finding a simple solution, an appealing slogan or a convenient scapegoat." But he declared that most Americans realized that "our peril" came from without, not within. (1:1; Excerpts. 54)

Earlier in the day Mr. Kennedy joined former President Eisenhower and Truman and Vice President Johnson at the funeral of Sam Rayburn. (1:2-5)

The latest official intelligence estimates indicate that the United States leads the Soviet Union in intercontinental ballistic missile power. The estimates were, in part, the basis for recent statements of military confidence by President Kennedy and Secretary of Defense McNamara. (1:4)

The American Communist party has formally notified the Justice Department of its refusal to register as an agency of the Soviet Union under the Internal Security Act. In disclosing the Communists’ position, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy declared that "we will enforce the law." (1:5)

November 20, 1961

As United States warships patrolled the coast of the Dominican Republic yesterday, two brothers of slain Generalissimo Trujillo left by plans for Miami, thus ending what was considered a serious threat to the Government of President Joaquin Balaguer. The brothers’ return to the country last week was believed to have signaled an attempt to reimpose by force the Trujillo dictatorship on the country. Dr. Balaguer said the brothers had agreed to leave after the show of force by U.S. naval units. (1:8; Text 4)

Administration officials, led by Secretary of State Rusk, greeted Chancellor Adenauer on his arrival in Washington for three days of intensive talks with President Kennedy. The two leaders will seek to evolve a unified Western position for possible negotiations with Moscow on Berlin. (1:3)

The State Department was sharply criticized by Senator Henry H. Jackson in a final statement on a two-year Senate inquiry into national policy machinery. Senator Jackson, chairman of the study, accused the department of failing to look ahead and of a tendency to react rather than to take the initiative in foreign affairs. The study also recommended that Congress improve its methods of dealing with national security problems. (1:1)

The former chief of the foreign aid program, Henry R. Labouisse, was report to be President Kennedy’s choice for Ambassador to Greece. Mr. Labouisse would replace Ellis G. Briggs, who will probably become Ambassador to Argentina. (1:8)

November 21, 1961

For nearly two hours yesterday afternoon, President Kennedy and Chancellor Adenauer met privately in the President’s study to seek a common approach to the problems of Berlin and Germany. Details of their talk were not disclosed. (1:8)

Truncheon-swinging West Berlin police drove back thousands of young West Berliners who tried to storm the Communist-built wall on the East Berlin border. The harried police also fought a tear-gas grenade duel with their Communist counterparts while East German troops and workers extended their network of antitank barriers. (1:6-7)

As the price for removing the Berlin wall, it was learned that premier Khrushchev had called for a "general understanding" between East and West Germany that presumably would include means of keeping East German refugees from reaching the West. (3:1)

India accused Communist China of "further aggression" across their frontier. In a strong note, New Delhi charged that Chinese troops had set up three new outposts within India. (1:8)

The House Un-American Activities Committee asked the Attorney General to prosecute Maurice H. Klein, former personnel director of the National Security Agency, for alleged perjury and other criminal offenses. It was disclosed that Mr. Klein was forced to resign from the highly secret agency teen days ago on the ground that he had falsified his employment application. (18:3)

November 22, 1961

Moscow surprised the West yesterday by accepting the American and British proposal to return to Geneva next week for further nuclear test ban talks. However, the Russians indicated they might set off more blasts if "any power" tested while negotiations went on. This seemed to be a bid for a new voluntary moratorium. Washington welcomed the Soviet acceptance, but served the right to test during the talks. (1:8; Soviet text, 2)

Disarmament and nuclear tests also were discussed by President Kennedy and India’s United Nations delegate, V.K. Krishna Menon, at a meeting arranged by Prime Minster Nehru in hopes of easing American irritation over Mr. Krishna Menon. (1:4)

The President also met again with Chancellor Adenauer. They agreed there should be East-West negotiations on Berlin, but only after the extent and terms have been defined. (1:5)

The Army expects to resume in January its enlistment of six-month volunteers who will take further Reserve or National Guard training after their return to civilian status. A popular program among men seeking the least amount of active duty, it was suspended at the start of the Berlin build-up. Its renewal results from lower draft calls and expanded training facilities. (1:1)

The director of security of the National Security Agency has resigned at the request of the Defense Department, it was announced today. The step was taken under a directive prohibiting taking of gifts or favors from persons doing business with the government. (8:3)

Mr. Khrushchev’s son-in-law, Izvestia editor Aleksei I. Adzhubei, has been granted a private meeting with President Kennedy in Hyannis Port on Saturday. It will be the President’s first exclusive interview to a Soviet newsman. (6:3)

President praises work of interfaith group. (18)

White House names special art panel. (18)

November 23, 1961

Three days of intensive discussions at the White House ended yesterday with agreement by President Kennedy and Chancellor Adenauer on a Western negotiating position on Berlin and on additional military steps to back up this position. Concessions were made by both leaders, and particularly Dr. Adenauer. The most immediate result of the discussions was the apparent end of a "crisis of confidence" between Washington and Bonn over Berlin, while the long-range results was a definite hardening of the West’s position in dealing with Moscow. (1:8; Text of communiqué. 4)

A Moscow military court heard two West German university students testify that they had accepted an intelligence assignment from alleged United States agents only to fulfill a dream of visiting the Soviet Union. The two men pleaded guilty to having photographed military installations. (3:1)

Cuba asked the United Nations Security Council to condemn the United States as an aggressor and to demand the withdrawal of its forces off the coast of the Dominican Republic. The Dominican representative replied that his country "does not feel menaced" and that his people were "not amused at being made the pretext for a new cold war scandal." (1:6)

The Cuban charges also brought before the Council of the Organization of American States, which took no action. The United States indignantly called accusations "a new low of irrelevance, hypocrisy and slander." (35:1)

The Pentagon issued instructions to the military departments that stressed the right to reservists to win deferments and exemptions from active duty for reasons of family hardship. A memorandum, signed Deputy Secretary of Defense Roswell L Gilpatric, reiterated most existing policies but it also underscored some points in response to criticisms. (1:1)

Mr. Kennedy announced the creation of a Freedom from Hunger Foundation to work with the United Nations in an effort "to eliminate hunger and malnutrition from the earth." (1:4)

Swing to resign Jan. 1 as immigration chief. (27)

November 24, 1961

The Kennedy Administration has reaffirmed a policy of the Truman and Eisenhower Administration that negotiations with the Soviet Union can be conducted only from a "position of strength." This decision was reported yesterday by qualified sources after three days of discussions between President Kennedy and Chancellor Adenauer. The sources said that Washington would support an increased and reinvigorated military build-up of the Atlantic Alliance in Europe and arrange for further arms deliveries to West German forces. (1:8)

President Kekkonen of Finland flew to the Siberian city of Novosibirsk to confer today with Premier Khrushchev on Moscow’s demand for military consultations. Dr. Kekkonen will seek to preserve Finnish neutrality by obtaining a political understanding in place of the military talks. (1:5)

Several months of uncertainty over continued United States aid to Yugoslavia ended with an announcement that Washington was ready to negotiate the sale of surplus food-stuffs to the Tito regime. The question is important to Yugoslavia because of a summer drought that cut her grain harvest. (1:7)

An announcement of a resumption of diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil after a fourteen-year lapse was greeted by Brazilian Deputies with boos, jeers and cries of "Shame!" (1:8)

At his home on Cape Cod, President Kennedy reflected the holiday mood at a roast turkey dinner for thirty-three, including twenty-eight members of his family. (21:1)

Former President Eisenhower used the occasion of a one-hour television interview to urge officers of the armed services to shun partisan politics. Speaking as a General of the Army, he said it was "bad practice--very bad" for an officer to express opinions on political or economic matters "that are contrary to the President’s." (1:2-3)

United States will aid men rejected in draft. (20)

November 25, 1961

The United Nations Security Council authorized the Acting Secretary General last night to use force to arrest "mercenaries" and other foreign advisers serving in the Katanga Provincial Government. The vote on the African-Asian resolution was 9 to 0, with Britain and France abstaining. After conferring with the State Department, Adlai E. Stevenson told "with the greatest reluctance" in view of the rejection of Key United States amendments. (1:8; Text, 6)

Britain’s entry into the Common Market would be followed by an open debate on the trade status of Europe’s three neutrals, Switzerland, Sweden and Austria. They plan to apply for associate status in the market, which may not be granted. (1:5)

Eighteen top Administration officials flew to Hyannis Port for talks with President Kennedy on civil defense and two other sensitive issues--the defense budget and foreign trade. The information officially released was scant, but it became known that the Administration had decided on a program emphasizing community fall-out shelters instead of family shelters. It was also understood that a long-range plan was favored in part to end a crisis atmosphere. (16)

Twelve more major defense contractors have agreed to sign White House "plans for progress" aimed at giving Negroes and other minorities equal access to jobs and promotions. Administration spokesmen said that the twelve represented a "broad cross-section" of the defense industries. (21:3)

November 26, 1961

Soviet-Finnish political talks have achieved for Finland a postponement of military consultations on what Moscow has called a danger of attack by West Germany. (1:8; Text, 4)

Moscow’s pressure on Finnish neutrality has made many Austrians uneasy. The misgivings, particularly among the Socialists, arise from a fear that Kremlin might some day present Austria with a note accusing her of failing to enforce her neutrality and demanding political guarantee. (3:1)

The prospects for East-West negotiations on Berlin were viewed as measurably improved as a result of the current talks between President de Gaulle and Prime Minister Macmillan at the British leader’s estate, in Sussex. (1:5-7)

The fourteen-year dispute over Kashmir will be submitted to the United Nations. President Ayub Khan of Pakistan said that he had made this decision because of India’s reluctance to negotiate directly. (1:6)

Secretary of Defense McNamara has moved to discourage appeals to Congress by military service spokesmen whose proposals have been rejected by the Pentagon. In a new directive he dropped a previous statement saying that each of the military departments shall maintain legislative liaison with Congress. He also ended separate liaison between the Pentagon controller and Congress. (1:1)

"He is a young President of a great country. All of you should be proud of that."-- Aleksei I. Adzhubei, editor of Invested, after an interview with President Kennedy. (1:7)

November 27, 1961

Intensified Communist pressure on the West’s position in Berlin was indicated in a speech by Walter Ulbricht, chief of the East German Government. Herr Ulbricht declared that "it is high time" that the Western Powers respected the sovereignty of the East German regime and signed treaties with it to gain free access to West Berlin. And, in the speech published yesterday, he warned that the Communist plan for a "peaceful solution" of the problem "is entering its final phase." (1:1)

In embattled South Vietnam, the ruling circles appear to have hardened their resistance to Governmental reforms reportedly demanded by the United States as a part of an effort to defeat Communist rebels. (1:1)

Adlai E. Stevenson flew to Trinidad for an evening conference with President Frondizi of Argentina. The talk may lead to wider South American support for proposals before the Organization of American States for an inter-American defense system against Communist penetration and reported Cuban subversion. (1:2-3)

President Kennedy announced he was replacing Chester Bowles as Under Secretary of Sate. Nine other changes in the White House and State Department staffs also were announced in the first big personnel shift of Mr. Kennedy’s ten-month-old Administration. The vacation White House at Hyannis Port said that Mr. Bowles "is moving to a new, high policy-making position, details of which will be announced shortly." His successor in the State Department’s No. 2 position will be George W. Ball, who has been Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs. (1:8)

Washington officials said that a compromise Executive Order to bar discrimination in Federally aided housing had been hammered out by an Administration group two weeks ago. Spokesmen for civil rights groups have expressed concern because the President has not signed it. (1:5)

Senator Styles Bridges of New Hampshire, one of the most influential Republicans in the nation, died in his sleep at his house in Concord, N.H. Senator Bridges, who was 63 years old, had suffered from coronary attack Sept. 21. (1:4-5)

Pentagon drafting ethics code for research firms. (1)

President appoints director for aid to Africa. (24)

November 28, 1961

On the eve of renewed nuclear talks in Geneva, the Soviet Union yesterday proposed an immediate ban on atomic weapons tests in the atmosphere, outer space and under water. There would be no international controls. Moscow asked that France join the talks and sign the proposed treaty. The Soviet plan also suggested a voluntary halt of underground tests pending agreement on a control system as part of a general disarmament pact. (1:8; Text 12)

Washington was skeptical and viewed the bid as a new move for an indefinite, uncontrolled test moratorium. (1:7)

In Geneva, the world’s great manufacturing nations endorsed without formal action a plan that could ultimately lead to the near elimination of tariffs on industrial products. Under the proposal, tariffs would be lowered on whole categories of items at one time. Adoption depends mainly on the United States. (1:5)

President Kennedy announced that Chester Bowles would be his special representative and adviser on African, Asian and Latin-American affairs. Mr. Bowles, who is being relieved as Under Secretary of State, accepted the appointment during a meeting with the President. The White House said the new post was a "greater responsibility" for Mr. Bowles and "second to none in importance." Government sources insisted that Mr. Bowles had not been relieved for lack if ability but because he was considered better suited to the job than to his present administrative work. (1:1)

November 29, 1961

Readers went to Moscow newsstands yesterday to buy copies of Izvestia, which carried the full text of an interview given by President Kennedy to its editor, Alexei I. Adzhubei, Premier Khrushchev’s son-in-law. In their talk, the President told the Soviet people that they could live in peace and plenty if their Government stopped trying to promote conspiratorial communism abroad. Mr. Kennedy also used the rare opportunity to give the Russian public his unfiltered views on Berlin, nuclear tests and other major issues. (1:8; Text 18-19)

In Washington, the President hailed Izvestia’s accurate publication of the interview. It was noted that the text took up a third of the paper’s front and all of the second page. (1:4)

While it was too early to assess Soviet readers’ reactions, Moscow observers felt that independent thinking would be spurred by some of Mr. Kennedy’s ideas, such as these: No one will ever invade the Soviet Union and Washington opposes West German possession of an independent nuclear striking force. (19:6)

The Pentagon disclosed the Administration’s plans for a Regular Army with sixteen combat divisions instead of the present fourteen. This would make permanent President Kennedy’s policy of expanding the ground forces to cope with limited war situations. Officials said the Army probably would total 960,000 men, compared to 870,000 under the Eisenhower Administration. (1:1)

A secret report to Defense Secretary McNamara urges creation of a supreme commander for all United States commands everywhere. The proposal already has caused much heated discussion at the Pentagon. Some experts view it as a long step toward setting up the controversial office of a single Chief of Staff. (1:2)

President Kennedy broke away from the traditional Democratic tie to silver and told the Treasury to stop selling the metal, which it was almost out of anyway. And he said he would seek repeal of the law requiring the Treasury to buy silver. To the man on the street, it means that eventually he will notice that none of his currency is marked "Silver Certificate." (1:7-8)

Kennedy to speak today at O.A.S. meeting (28)

November 30, 1961

President Kennedy showed particular concern yesterday over reported complaints of discontent and low morale among military reservists. Speaking with feeling, he expressed the hope that reservists called to active duty in the recent military build-up would be released before their twelve-month obligation expired. The President told his news conference he recognized that many of the reservists were "bound to be unhappy" because of their great sacrifice while the country was not at war. But he emphasized that the armed forces had been increased "to prevent a war, not fight a war." (1:8, Text 14)

Most of the questions at the news conference were devoted to foreign affairs and East-West tensions. The President said that there could be no real lessening of these tensions until there was a "negotiated and mutually satisfactory agreement" on the issues of Berlin and Germany. (1:7)

In an effort to ease one source of tension--travel curbs-- the United States will soon give some Communist diplomats and correspondents at the United Nations a little more freedom of movement. (1:7-8)

Another concern of President Kennedy is inter-American solidarity as well as his Alliance for Progress programs in Latin America. With those in mind, he has tentatively decided to visit Colombia and Venezuela next month. (1:5)

A male chimpanzee named Enos flew up to 17,500-mile-an-hour orbits around the earth. The 5-year-old chimp, described as "meditative" and a "hard worker," worked levers on a dashboard in response to flashing, colored lights, and after the flight he was reported to be "excitable but in good shape." But the flight, in a Project Mercury capsule, was out short one orbit ahead of schedule because of mechanical trouble, and whether the next Mercury mission would be a manned flight was left undecided. Nonetheless, the national space agency announced that when a manned flight is made, the astronauts will be John H. Glenn Jr., a 40-year-old lieutenant colonel in the Marine Corps. (1:5-6)

The Administration has tentatively decided on a foreign trade progress that includes a package of broad tariff-cutting authority combined with Federal aid for industries, workers and areas hurt by imports. (1:3)

Russians react favorably to Kennedy interview. (3)

Kennedy to seek broader civil defense plan. (15)

Kennedy modifies 1949 view on China’s fall. (16)