JFKWHP-KN-C19046 (crop): Judicial Reception, 10 October 1961

The President's brother, Attorney General Kennedy, picked his chief lieutenant for a stepped-up nation-wide drive against organized crime -- Edwyn Silberling, a special prosecutor in Suffolk County. (1:7) – February 2, 1961

New air of urgency grips Justice Department. (38) – February 5, 1961

Seven executives of leading electrical manufacturing companies were sentenced to jail for violation of the antitrust laws. Federal District Judge J. Cullen Ganey sent each to prison for thirty days and levied fines totaling $931,500 on corporations and individuals. (1:4-5) – February 7, 1961

Attorney General Kennedy formally announced that the Justice Department was preparing damage suits against electrical equipment companies convicted of price fixing and bid rigging. (1:1) – February 10, 1961

The President joined his brother, Attorney General Kennedy in urging Congress to take prompt action on an omnibus bill for fifty-nine new Federal judgeships ’ nine on the Court of Appeals, and fifty in the District courts ’ to east the case load. (1:4) – February 11, 1961

Progress on Capitol Hill was the extraordinary speed of the Senate Judiciary Committee in voting to create sixty-nine new Federal judgeships, ten more than President Kennedy had requested. (1:1) – February 28, 1961

The Justice Department disclosed that the ultra-conservative John Birch Society was "a matter of concern" to Attorney General Kennedy. A society spokesmen said that one of the group’s major aims was the impeachment of Chief Justice Earl Warren for voting "in favor of Communists and subversives." (1:6) – April 1, 1961

The Justice Department asked the Federal courts to force the reopening of public schools in Prince Edward County, Va. For two years whites there have attended a private system and Negroes have had no schools. (1:1) – April 27, 1961

The President proposed to Congress a five-year program of "total attack" to prevent and control youth crime, treat offenders and train youth workers. The President also issued an Executive Order creating a Committee on Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Crime to coordinate Federal efforts with those of cities and states. (1:1; Texts, Page 14) – May 12, 1961

Congress was asked by Attorney General Kennedy to give the Justice Department more power to go after hoodlums and racketeers who "have become so rich and powerful that they have outgrown local authorities." (18:3) – May 18, 1961

In the final day of the Supreme Court’s term, the justices overruled a 1949 decision and held that the Constitution forbids the use of illegally seized evidence in state criminal trials. The vote was 5 to 4. (1:8; Text, pg. 22) – June 20, 1961

Four moving companies and five of their executives were indicted on criminal antitrust charges. They were accused of conspiring to fix rates on the moving of household goods. (1:1) – July 1, 1961

A break-through in the long war against organized crime and racketeering is at hand, the Department of Justice believed. Officials credit two factors: the Criminal Division’s new "clearing house" on crime information and hope for Congressional passage of new anti-racketeering laws. (37:1) – July 23, 1961

The most controversial of Attorney General Kennedy’s bills to combat organized crime and racketeering was modified and passed by the House. The measure would permit the Federal Government to run down fugitives from prosecution under state laws. (20:1) – August 24, 1961

The Kennedy Administration, with the advice and consent of the Senate, concluded in the final weeks of Congress the greatest expansion of the Federal Judiciary in history. Sixty new circuit and district judges were nominated and confirmed. Seventeen more nominations reached the Senate too late for action, but the President will soon substitute recess appointments for those. (1:2-3) – September 29, 1961

The American Communist party has formally notified the Justice Department of its refusal to register as an agency of the Soviet Union under the Internal Security Act. In disclosing the Communists’ position, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy declared that "we will enforce the law." (1:5) – November 19, 1961

The Justice Department is changing its position on wiretapping by state and local law-enforcement officials. The department now believes that such tapping should be allowed only in seeking evidence of certain serious crimes and then only under specified procedural safeguards. (24:4) – December 18, 1961

Negro groups and the Justice Department were dismayed when the Supreme Court refused to order a temporary halt to the prosecution of Freedom Riders in Jackson, Miss. (1:2) – December 19, 1961

The Justice Department asked a Federal court to strike down a Louisiana law requiring voter applicants to pass a Constitution interpretation test. In the Department’s first broad attack on the constitutionality of a state voting law on its face, it said that the test was a device to keep Negroes from registering and voting. (1:1) – December 29, 1961