1-7 | 8-14 | 15-21 | 22-31

December 1, 1962

The United Nations General Assembly unanimously and enthusiastically elected U Thant yesterday as Secretary General until Nov. 3, 1966. (1:7; pg.2)

A luncheon conference in Washington between Anastas I. Mikoyan and Secretary of State Rusk covered a wide range of issues. There was no sign of any change in Soviet and United States positions. (1:8)

After a year-long debate involving intense political pressures, President Kennedy proclaimed tighter restrictions on oil imports to areas east of the Rockies. Under the new formula, the imports will be about 10 per cent less than previously scheduled. (1:4)

Another Administration concern is what budgetary steps it might take to put its moon-landing program on a top-speed schedule. The problem involves how to obtain extra funds for a lunar landing in late 1967 rather than mid-1968. (10:3)

Federal officials stressed a conciliatory approach in issuing the first regulations to carry out the President's order against discrimination in housing. Neal J. Hardy, Federal housing commissioner, said he was optimistic that most complaints could be settled without Government blacklisting. (1:1)

By a margin of 398 votes, John H. Chafee, a Republican lawyer, was elected Governor of Rhode Island, defeating Gov. John A. Notte, Jr. (52:2-3)

At least 25 persons were killed when a four-engine airliner with 51 persons aboard crashed and burned in a heavy fog while landing at Idlewild Airport. The plane, an Eastern Air Lines DC-7B en route from Charlotte, N.C., was approaching the field when it veered from a runway and struck the ground. (1:8)

December 2, 1962

W. Averell Harriman, who helped to hammer out the Indian-Pakistani accord, returned to Washington with a report that India recognized that she faced a long struggle with Communist China. United States officials reflected pessimism over prospects of an accord in the border dispute. (1:6-7)

Anastas I. Mikoyan left Washington for Moscow, affirming the goodwill of the United States and pledging that the same "will be evinced by us." The Soviet leader expressed optimism on a settlement on Cuba and future Soviet-United States relations, but American officials were more reserved. (1:4)

Japanese Cabinet officials will arrive in Washington today for talks with officials of their country's best customer, the United States. The Japanese are primarily interested in increasing United States-Japanese trade, but the Americans will try to keep the talks on a more global plane. (5:1)

A United States effort to resolve the Congo problem collapsed with a United Nations announcement that the McGhee plan was dead. Under Secretary of State George C. McGhee had suggested that the Congo might be unified by dividing revenues between the Central Government and Katanga Province and by giving greater autonomy to Katanga than the proposed constitution offered. (1:3)

Details of the Pentagon's long-awaited reorganization of the Army National Guard and Reserves will be announced this week. Over the protests of reserve leaders supported by Congress, eight guard and reserve divisions will be "realigned." The changes are expected to cut substantially the total of 700,000 men on drill-pay status. (1:5)

The space agency is considering a plan to set up an institute to train scientists for the astronaut program, thus far the exclusive domain of test pilots. The scientists would serve as co-pilots on flights and then be the main observers and experimenters after landings on the moon and planets. (62:1)

December 3, 1962

The Administration was reported yesterday to be anticipating a long, but probably inconclusive, round of talks with Moscow to redefine East-West issues in the wake of the Cuban crisis. Officials expect the discussions to be accompanied by an uncertain international calm, providing a respite from recent tensions but falling far short of major solutions. (1:8)

An American proposal for United Nations sponsorship of facilities to probe outer space will come before the General Assembly's Political Committee today. The Russians have said that all such research should be done by individual nations. (35:3)

President Kennedy will come to New York on Dec. 14 to discuss the state of the national economy in a major address to the Economic Club. The speech could provide early clues to the details of the program that Mr. Kennedy will ask Congress to adopt to spur economic growth. (1:2)

Peace Corps shifts emphasis to Latin America. (pg. 13)

December 4, 1962

Washington announced yesterday that Soviet jet bombers were being shipped out of Cuba in line with Premier Khrushchev's pledge to President Kennedy. The pentagon said patrol planes had spotted the Russian freighter Okhotsk sailing from Cuba with at least three dismantled Ilyushin-28's on a Cuban air base. (1:8)

The White House tried to quash a published report that Adlai E. Stevenson had "dissented" from the view of President Kennedy and other advisers that the first response to the Soviet arms build-up in Cuba should be a naval blockade. Press Secretary Salinger said Mr. Stevenson had "strongly supported" the President's decision. But the authors of the report, including one of Mr. Kennedy's close friends, said "there seems to be no doubt" that Mr. Stevenson preferred political negotiation to military action. (1:7-8)

At the United Nations, American and Soviet delegates clashed on earth reconnaissance satellites. The Russians said such flights were espionage, violating international law and national sovereignty. For the United States, Senator Gore said that reconnaissance was just as legal as observation from the high seas. (4:3)

The Pentagon has dropped plans for early development of satellites to intercept hostile spacecraft. (5:3)

Uganda barred a United States Senator. The Government of the African nation said Senator Allen J. Ellender of Louisiana would not be allowed to enter because of his reported statement that Africans were not ready for self-rule. (1:5)

W. Averell Harriman was said to have told President Kennedy that the Indian border conflict would last long and require major American arms aid decisions. (1:3)

A Presidential emergency board saw no hope of averting a resumption of the longshoreman's strike when the Taft-Hartley injunction expires Dec. 23. Administration experts fear Congress may be provoked into barring transportation strikes and providing for compulsory arbitration. (44:3)

December 5, 1962

Another African state, Tanganyika, followed Uganda's lead in denying entry to Senator Ellender of Louisiana. (1:3)

Public and private White House assurances indicated that Adlai E. Stevenson would keep his United Nations post for the foreseeable future. Still unclear, however, was what role the White House played in an article implying Presidential dissatisfaction with him in the Cuban crisis. (1:3-4)

Prime Minister Nehru said India still expected Soviet delivery of "a few" MIG-21 jet fighters by year's end. But he added that Moscow had said there might be "some delay." (1:4)

With a Russian bear hug, Premier Khrushchev welcomed President Tito of Yugoslavia to Moscow and expressed confidence that their meetings would bring their countries closer. Mr. Khrushchev did not appear inhibited by Chinese Communist and Albanian attacks on Marshall Tito. (1:2-4)

The Pentagon began its long-planned and still controversial reorganization and cutback of Army National Guard and Reserve forces. The plan calls for revamping four out of 10 Reserve divisions and four out of 27 Guard divisions, with a shake-up of hundreds of smaller units. (1:8)

The Internal Revenue Service said it would somewhat ease its proposed limits on tax deductions for travel, entertainment and gift expenses. This followed a loud outcry by businessmen. (1:7; pg. 59)

U.S. urging Japan to expand European trade. (pg. 10)

U.S. scores U.N. resolution on natural resources. (pg. 12)

White House seeks jobs for defeated Democrats. (pg. 36)

December 6, 1962

President Kennedy sought yesterday to end speculation that Adlai E. Stevenson would be replaced as United States representative to the United Nations. In a letter to Mr. Stevenson, the President expressed his "fullest" confidence in him and voiced deep regret over a controversial magazine article implying that Mr. Stevenson had advocated a "soft" line toward Moscow in the Cuban crisis. Mr. Stevenson termed the article "wrong in literally every detail." (1:8)

The six nations of the European Common Market set the stage for an expected impasse in negotiations for Britain's entry. After a lengthy debate, they refused to make any basic charge in their position on how British agriculture should be integrated into the market's system. (1:5)

A United States-Soviet declaration urging nations to plan for economic and social adjustments that would follow world disarmament was unanimously approved at the United Nations. (1:4)

The United States and the Soviet Union reached an accord to cooperate in three peaceful uses of space: satellite weather observations and communications and studies of the earth's magnetic field. (16:1)

James C. Petrillo, former chief of the American Federation of Musicians, was defeated for re-election as head of his home local in Chicago. (1:8)

Governor Rockefeller lauded the announced economic aims of the Kennedy Administration but accused it of failing to act to achieve then. (1:1 pg. 28)

December 7, 1962

United States Navy planes have verified that 42 Soviet jet bombers are being transported home from Cuba aboard three ships. Coincident with the Pentagon announcement yesterday was a report from anti-Castro sources in Havana that Soviet troops were apparently bolstering Cuba's defenses. The troop units were building underground fortifications and airfields throughout the land. (1:8)

Britain has told the Common Market that if she is refused entry because of French and German intransigence, she will have to review all her commitments to continental defenses. Sources in London said Washington would have to take the same position if it were faced with a high-tariff, inward-looking trade bloc. (1:3)

India announced the severing of her consular ties with the Peking Government and told the Chinese to close their consulates in India. The Indian action was attributed to Chinese "restrictions" on the two Indian consulates. The only official office that each country will maintain in the other is an embassy with a skeleton staff. (1:5-6)

The Kennedy Administration has decided that the Air Force does not need the Skybolt ballistic missile as a strategic weapon. The decision to discard the 1,000-mile range missile may set off a national and international controversy since both the Air Force and Britain are still interested in it. (1:4)

December 8, 1962

Chancellor Adenauer, chief of West Germany's Government for 14 years, will retire next fall. (1:8)

Prime Minister Macmillan rebuked Dean Acheson for belittling the will and resolution of Britain and her people. Mr. Macmillan said that the former Secretary of State's assertion, in a speech Wednesday, that Britain's attempt to play a separate power role is about to be played out "could be applied to the United States since it involved the West's doctrine of interdependence." (1:8)

President Kennedy made a three-hour tour of the underground command post of the nation's main nuclear striking force near Omaha, Neb. He then presented a plaque honoring the Strategic Air Command for its services in the Cuban crisis, which involved 48,532 hours of flight covering 20,022,000 miles. The President later flew to Los Alamos the Government's nuclear center, and to Albuquerque, where weapons are built around nuclear systems. (1:5)

Republican leaders, meeting in Washington, cited the Cuban crisis as the main reason for their party's defeats in last month's Congressional elections. (56:2)


The New York City newspapers went on strike December 9, 1962 and did not publish again until April 1, 1963. For that period our reference is the New York Times' Western Edition except for Sundays and holidays, when our source is The Washington Post.

December 9, 1962

Britain has air lifted troops to crush the revolt in Brunei. Brunei is an oil rich sultanate on Borneo. The Rebels are revolting for independence from Britain. (1:8)

The Republican National Committee charged that the "Cuba issue" would be dead now if the Kennedy Administration had carried out the policy of former President Eisenhower. (1:4)

President Kennedy is spending the weekend at Palm Springs, California. (2:4)

The Administration is readying a compact version of last session's New Frontier Program for the Congress convening in January. (2:3-4-5)

President Kennedy questioned government scientists on when it may be possible to send men to Mars, while inspecting Project Rover at Jackass Flats, Nevada. (2:4-5-6-7)

Tass asserted that Dean Acheson's West Point speech could mean the United States is preparing to sacrifice British interest at next week's NATO Council meeting in Paris. (2:8)

Printers walked out of four newspapers in New York in a contract dispute. Four other papers shut down operations voluntarily. A ninth published edition circulated only outside of the City brought the total to nine newspapers in New York that are not being printed. (3:1-2-3)

December 10, 1962

India accused Communist China tonight of having delivered "a sort of ultimatum" to the six non-aligned Asian and African nations participating in the conference opening tomorrow at Columbo, Ceylon. (1:8)

Reports reaching Washington indicate that neutral Asian countries have given scant support to India's case in the border conflict with Communist China. (1:7)

British troops battled in Brunei today to crush a rebellion avowedly aimed at wrestling that oil rich Sultanate and the adjacent crown colonies, Sarawak and North Borneo from Britain's control. Broadcasts said the rebels were losing but the general situation was described as serious. (1:5-6)

Two battles of critical importance are being fought in Yemen where Republican government recently overthrew the Iman for royal ruler. (1:5)

Eugene R. Black, who is retiring this month from the Presidency of the World Bank believes that the aid-giving nations must emphasize quality over quantity. (1:4)

The largest foreign assistance program in ten years, about $5,500,000,000 is being reviewed by Budget Director David E. Bell. Mr. Bell, the new Foreign Aid Administrator, will be in charge of spending these funds in the next fiscal year. (1:3)

The New York newspaper strike is now in its third day. The strike began at 2:00 A.M. Saturday when the New York Typographical Union No. 6 walked out at the New York Times, the Daily News, the Journal American and the World Telegram and Sun. The Herald Tribune, the Daily Mirror, the Post, the Long Island Star Journal and the Long Island Press voluntarily suspended publication shortly thereafter. The publisher of the Journal American has requested President Kennedy to have Secretary of Labor Wirtz come to New York to help settle the strike. (1:2)

A front page editorial in Pravda denounced the Albanian Communist, asserting that they had slandered the Soviet Union. (1:1)

Tanganyika became a Republic today. It remains in the British Commonwealth but has severed all direct links to the British crown. (1:2-3)

December 11, 1962

Secretary of State Rusk said today that the nations of the Western hemisphere could not accept as a normal situation "any Soviet military presence in Cuba." (1:8)

United Nations informed President Moise Tshombe of Katanga today that it was ready to invoke all measures short of war to end Katanga's succession from the Congo. (1:6-7)

The Soviet Union offered today to permit International teams to visit the "two or three" robot seismic detection stations it would accept on its territory under a treaty to ban nuclear testing.

Charles C. Steele, acting leader of the United States delegation at Geneva, immediately denied that the offer contained anything new. (1:7)

The American Farm Bureau Federation, the countries' largest general farm organization, attacked the Kennedy Administration's farm and other economic proposals. The Federation is opposing all government controls and almost all federal spending. (1:2-3)

Representative Wilbur D. Mills, Democrat from Arkansas, Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, apparently has failed to be convinced by the Kennedy Administration that the national economy needs an early tax cut. (1:1)

Labor Secretary Wirtz and the head of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service will intervene in the New York printers strike. (1:2)

A United States district judge in Los Angeles extended for the full 80 day cooling off period an injunction against the International Association of Machinists Strike at the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation. The cooling off period is provided by the Taft-Hartley Act which was invoked by President Kennedy after a Union walkout November 28. The judge had originally issued a 10 day temporary restraining order on December 3. (1:1-2)

December 12, 1962

The minute man intercontinental missile was declared operational today in a ceremony in Malstrom Air Force Base; the Air Force revealed that twenty of the slender fifty-four foot rockets were in place in underground silos in Central Montana. Each is aimed at a specific target and ready for firing at a moments notice. (1:6)

Secretary of Agriculture Freeman linked the Administration's new wheat control program to international trade policies and warned producers that unless they approve it "we will have utter chaos." (1:2)

The Budget Bureau, with the support of the President's scientific advisors, is proposing a $180,000,000 cut in the requested budget for development of a nuclear rocket. Both the Atomic Energy Commission and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration are appealing the cut and the issue has been laid before the President for decision. (1:6-7)

Secretary of Labor Wirtz made no progress yesterday in settling the New York newspaper strike. (1:4-5)

December 13, 1962

In a major foreign policy speech before the Supreme Soviet, Mr. Khrushchev declared that the Soviet Union would resist the pressure of "dogmatists" within the Communist world who wanted to risk thermonuclear war with the West. Mr. Khrushchev also denied that he was defeated on the Cuba issue and he bid the U. N. to put a force in West Berlin but set no peace treaty deadline. (1:8)

President Kennedy lent support today to the idea of an emergency communication's link between the White House and the Kremlin. (1:6-7)

President de Gaulle and Secretary of State Rusk exchanged news today in Paris on the Cuban situation and East West relations but avoided the principle issue between Paris and Washington - The future role of France and her European allies in the possession of nuclear power. (1:5)

President Kennedy, in his news conference, said that he will talk in the future on clarifying his views on a planned tax cut next year. (1:1)

The Defense Department announced the second successful interception of an Atlas Intercontinental ballistic missile in flight by Nike Zeus antimissile missile. (1:1)

December 14, 1962

Secretary of State Rusk in Paris told the Atlantic Alliance that the U. S. and Russians now confer alone only on Cuban issues. (1:8)

United States is disturbed about the continued presence of the North Vietnamese troops said to be numbering 6,000 in the various parts of Laos. (1:5)

Edward F. Kaiser, President of Kaiser Steel Corporation, told President Kennedy of an agreement between his corporation and United Steel Workers of America on a plan to divide the gains of a rising productivity between the company and its workers. (1:1)

President Kennedy will discuss the first two years of his Administration Monday night in a joint television interview over-all the three national networks. (1:7-8)

December 15, 1962

In a speech to the Economic Club of New York, Mr. Kennedy pledged his Administration to a program of a tax cut to spur the economy in 1963. He retreated somewhat from a statement he made last year in a national television address that his tax program would be made effective as of January 1, 1963 and said only that it should take effect in 1963. (1:8)

Premier Fidel Castro demanded $62,000,000 worth of drugs, food stuffs and other necessities in negotiations with the privately organized Cuban Families Committee. The group was represented by James B. Donovan, New York lawyer. (1:6)

The United States achieved a significant first in the exploration of space today by sending a mariner space craft near the planet Venus to take man's first close up observations of a planet. (1:2)

The United States urged its European allies to provide more conventional military forces as the best, most flexible answer to potential limited Soviet aggression. But Washington holds open possibility of European atomic weapon rings. (1:1)

The Kennedy Administration faced the mounting domestic crisis today in addition to British protests over its decision to drop the Sky Bolt missile as a strategic weapon. (1:4)

President Kennedy attended ground breaking ceremonies for the New York World's Fair for 1964-1965. (8:3-4)

December 16, 1962

British Prime Minister Macmillan met President de Gaulle in Paris for what has been expected to be a formal and uneventful 2-day visit but discovered that the meeting had been converted into de Gaulle forcing Britain into a showdown on the Common Market. De Gaulle decided to reorient the talks to deal primarily with the shape of the "New Europe". (1:8)

For Britain, the issue is whether this new era will leave United Kingdom in or out. With United States, the issue is whether the new grouping will be closely linked with the Atlantic Community, whether it will become isolationists (or "third force") or even whether it will open a flirtation with Communist Europe. (1:8)

North Atlantic Alliance countries wound up their 3-day Fall Ministerial Meeting with a tribute to the American stand on Cuba and a concession to appeals for strengthening conventional military forces. (1:5)

The United States and Britain doubt that there will be an early breakthrough in India's dispute with Pakistan on Kashmir. (1:6-7)

Mariner II sailed steadily into a never-ending orbit of the sun still sending back scientific data about the mysteries of deep space. (1:6-7)

Postmaster General Day announced that American Artists will receive cash awards for the design of a special postage stamp to mark the 100th Anniversary of the National Academy of Sciences. (1:8)

A Flying Tiger Lines Super Constellation flying from Boston to Los Angeles crashed among homes and industries in the crowded San Fernando Valley. 9 persons were killed. (1:2-3-4)

President Kennedy is going on T.V. to give an accounting of his first two years in office. (4:3-4)

Carroll Kilpatrick, a staff reporter for the Washington Post, in a news analysis reported that President Kennedy impressed the critical economic club of New York when he addressed them in New York on December 15. (4:1-2)

December 17, 1962

President de Gaulle and Prime Minister Macmillan separated tonight after two days of talks apparently without reaching a political decision to facilitate Britain's entry into the European Common Market. (1:8)

President Kennedy is scheduled to fly to the Bahamas in midweek for discussions with Prime Minister Macmillan. The President faces a crucial parlay. The Sky Bolt is high on their agenda. (1:7)

Attorney General Robert Kennedy's quick visit to meet with President Joao Goulart is coming at a moment that many observers consider critical in Brazil-U.S. relations. President Kennedy has expressed the preoccupation of the U. S. Government with the Brazilian situation on two occasions during the past week. He said the United States could do nothing to help Brazil while the inflation in this country was running at an annual rate of 50%. (1:5-6)

A new satellite was hurled into orbit today to study the tiny meteorites that may cause a major hazard to man's space flights. (1:2)

December 18, 1962

President Kennedy told a nationwide television audience that Cuban consultation had made a Soviet-American understanding less likely in the foreseeable future. (1:8)

Switzerland is going to join the Council of Europe. Switzerland officials say neutral policy will not be compromised by entering the semi-political alliance. (1:5)

A Federal jury convicted the Communist party of the United States today of failing to register as an agent of the Soviet Union. Judge Holtzoff imposed the maximum fine of $120,000. (1:1)

A new vote of controversy has been injected into the formation of a privately owned communications satellite corporation with the disclosure that General Lauris Norstad was being considered as its President. The proposal to name a military man has run into opposition both within the executive branch and Congress with the result that probably no definite job offer will be made to General Norstad. (1:2)

For the first time Premier Ahmed Ben Bella publicly thanked the United States today for its food relief program which is helping feed more than 3,000,000 Algerians. (1:6)

President Kennedy said he would send legislation to Congress proposing the establishment of a National Academy of Foreign Affairs that ultimately would take on some of the characteristics of the universities. (1:3-4)

Premier Dia of Senegal was overthrown today. He went into hiding after losing in a power struggle with President Senghor. (1:1)

December 19, 1962

President Kennedy is in Nassau, conferring with Prime Minister Macmillan. The Sky Bolt dispute and the Congo are put on top of the agenda. The President and Prime Minister also plan to review post-Cuba stands toward the Soviet Union. (1:8)

In England, 103 conservative members of Parliament, nearly one third of the body, have now signed a motion urging the Prime Minister to insure in his talks with President Kennedy that Britain remains an independent nuclear power. (1:6-7)

Britain has made a proposal to the European Economic Community that if accepted, should greatly improve the chances of the United States and other outside nations to maintain a large volume of agricultural exports to the community. (1:7)

President Kennedy has ordered a United States military team to fly to the Congo this week to study means of restoring stability to that troubled country. (1:5)

At Geneva United States, Britain and the Soviet Union abandoned today their attempt to reach an agreement to end nuclear testing by January 1. The Soviet Union proposed a test ban as of January 1 without a pact. The West opposed this plan. (1:4)

The National Space Agency was having problems on how to release the Mariners scientific results. The problem was: should the scientific results be given first to the scientific community or to the public.

The policy question of how the communications satellite system being developed by the United States could be merged into a truly international enterprise is beginning to trouble the State Department and some of the nation's closest allies. (1:2-3)

Secretary of Commerce Hodges indicated that the Administration would recommend tax cuts effective January 1 despite the evidence of Congressional resistance to quick action. (1:1)

85% of South Korea's voters went to the polls yesterday and approved a new constitution for South Korea by a vote of 4 to l. (1:6-7)

The Philippines has imperiled its ties to Malaya by supporting the revolt in Brunei. (1:2-3)

December 20, 1962

In Nassau President Kennedy and Prime Minister Macmillan made an agreement today to wash out the controversial Sky Bolt missile program and seek other ways of sharing the British nuclear striking force of their own. (1:8)

In Geneva the United States rejected the Soviet Union's appeal for an un-policed moratorium on nuclear testing starting on January 1 in the absence of an agreement on the test ban treaty. The U. S. declared Moscow's record of broken pledges rules out a moratorium not calling for inspection. (1:6-7)

Secretary-General U Thant submitted to the United States today a preliminary list of military equipment needed for the United Nations Congo force. (1:5)

The Mona Lisa arrived in New York en route to Washington, D. C. (1:2-4)

December 21, 1962

In Nassau Kennedy and Macmillan have agreed that U. S. will sell Britain the Polaris medium range missile instead of the Sky Bolt airborne missile. Also, Britain will abandon its resistance to the creation of a cooperative nuclear striking force within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. (1:8)

The United States and the Soviet Union have decided to submit separate statements to members of the Security Council giving their versions of the crisis produced by the installation of Soviet missiles and jet air craft in Cuba. (1:5)

The Board of Directors of Pan American and TWA airlines have agreed to a merger. Approval is required from the stockholders, the CAB, and the President. (1:2-3)

Budget Director Bell has chopped $200,000,000 from foreign aid requested by the AID, which he will take over tomorrow. President Kennedy has not yet approved this cutback. (1:1)

Control over Project Hanna, the flashing light Geodetic Satellite was transferred today from the Defense Department to the Civilian Space Agency in response to Scientific and Congressional Demands. (1:2-3)

A survey of federal agencies released today shows that the government expects to obligate $14,700,000,000 for research and development during the fiscal year 1963, which ends next June 30. (1:3)

A United States proposal to send United Nations observers to Angola and Mozambique was withdrawn in the General Assembly today after it failed to obtain African-Asian support. (1:6)

December 22, 1962

In Nassau Kennedy and Macmillan proposed a joint NATO atomic force and have asked France to take part. England will commit its Polaris weapons to the West's school. (1:8)

The Kennedy Administration has approved a 5,700,000,000 Budget for the civilian space program in the coming fiscal year. About 75% of the fund will go into the effort to put a manned expedition on the moon. (1:1)

President Kennedy intends to ask Congress to repeal the Section of the new Trade Expansion Act that denies most favored nation treatment to imports from Poland and Yugoslavia. (1:3)

Adlai Stevenson predicted today that a settlement of the Cuban crisis would come before Christmas but he warned that "time is running out" in the Congo and that unification of the country cannot be postponed. (1:6)

December 23, 1962

Reflecting on the Nassau Pact with Britain, President Kennedy expressed amazement over the critical tone of a part of the British press to the defense arrangement he made this week at Nassau with Prime Minister Macmillan, and the President expressed shock and dismay over some American broadcasts report that the pact represents a deal with Britain to support American policy in the Congo. (1:8)

In the President's view, three fundamental objectives he has worked for were served: 1. There was a clear recognition of the indivisibility of nuclear war. 2. The emphasis on a multilateral defense arrangement should help prevent a proliferation of nuclear weapons by further development of independent national nuclear forces. 3. There was further recognition of a Kennedy Administration dogma that atomic weapons are not universal deterrents but must be augmented by strong conventional forces. (1:8)

The controversial Sky Bolt air-launched missile scored its first success after failing in its first five tests, but White House and Pentagon officials indicated it would not alter U. S. plans to abandon the weapon. (1:5-7)

Zorin, Russia's permanent United Nations representative, has been relieved of his post and will be replaced by Nicholas Fedorenko. (1:7)

A U. S. official source said the first plane load of Cuban invasion prisoners was expected to be flown to Florida at 8:30 EST Sunday. (1:4)

President Kennedy said in a recent press conference that Congress is not appropriating sufficient funds for the interest of the District of Columbia. (1:1-3)

President Kennedy is in Palm Beach, Florida for a Christmas vacation. (2:4-7)

December 24, 1962

First Cuban war prisoners liberated from Fidel Castro's jails in exchange for medicine and food reached U. S. soil today. The plane carried 107 of the 1,113 captives being freed. A vessel carrying $11,000,000 cargo of food and drugs has docked in Havana. (1:8)

The Administration believes that the crises in Cuba and on the Indian-Chinese border brought it some unexpected diplomatic benefits at the United Nations this year. Washington believes that it has made some gains with neutral members. (1:7)

Britain will build a squadron of ten to twelve submarines to carry the Polaris missiles. (1:5-6)

Secretary of Agriculture Freeman has told President Kennedy that 1963 may be the "make or break" year on the Administrations farm policy. The first need is a favorable vote by farmers in a National referendum to be held next spring on the Administration's new wheat production control program. (1:3)

The Longshoremen have turned down a plea from President Kennedy and went on strike along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. (1:1)

A Federal Judge in Nashville declared a mistrial today in the conspiracy trial of James R. Hoffa. He said Labor Associates of Mr. Hoffa had attempted to tamper with the Jury. (1:2)

India is looking to the United States for sharp increases in aid to help preface the threat from Communist China to develop her economy. (1:5)

President Kennedy announced his intention to appoint Dr. Stafford L. Warren as his Special Assistant to develop and coordinate programs to combat mental retardation. (1:1)

The Kennedy Administration now faces Congressional criticism over a bomber gap in defenses similar to the Democratic charge against Republicans two years ago of a missile gap. The Administration's abandonment of the Sky Bolt ballistic development, its refusal to invest more money in the Nike Zeus Anti Missile Program and its withholding of appropriations for the RS-70 former project are regarded as symptoms of a broader issue. (1:6-7)

December 25, 1962

All 1,113 Cuban prisoners have reached the United States and an early return of 23 Americans is seen. (1:8)

President Kennedy said he was "extremely pleased" that the Cuban prisoners had been released. (1:6-7)

The Kennedy Administration had thrown its full support into the venture of a group of generous men and corporations who raised the $53,000,000 in supplies that bought their freedom. (1:1-2)

James P. McGranery, 67, United States Attorney General during the Truman Administration, died of a heart attack in Palm Beach, Florida. (1:8)

50,000 union seamen announced they would honor the picket lines of 75,000 Longshoremen currently striking Atlantic and Gulf Ports. (1:5)

The International Longshoremen's Association rejected President Kennedy's final plea for a postponement of the strike. (1:5)

Evidence concerning 3 alleged attempts by Teamster officials to bribe jurors in the conspiracy trial of Teamster's President James R. Hoffa will be presented to a special Federal Grand Jury in Nashville, Tennessee, shortly after the first of the year. (1:2-3-4)

President Kennedy has summoned his top physical and economical advisers for a conference in Palm Beach Wednesday to put the finishing touches on a tax cut proposal he will submit to Congress next month. (2:213)

December 26, 1962

The National Maritime Union, whose fifty thousand members work on ships sailing from Atlantic and Gulf ports, announced yesterday that it would honor the picket lines set up by striking longshoremen. (1:8)

1,113 Cuban invasion prisoners were reunited with their families in Miami. In addition they are expecting the arrival of one thousand of their relatives that Castro also threw in as a Christmas bonus. (1:6-7)

The Administration is planning to cut overseas dollar expenses $1,000,000,000 more in the next two fiscal years, beginning July 1, 1963. (1:2-3)

Tax and education experts in the Government are meeting with President Kennedy today in Palm Beach. (1:2-3)

The Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy made public today a long standing complaint that the Navy and the Defense Departments were violating the Atomic Energy law and giving away vital secrets and permitting foreign nationals to visit United States nuclear submarines. (1:2-3)

Warren Robinson Austin, the first United States delegate to the United Nations, and former United States Senator from Vermont, (Republican) died today at his home. He was 85 years old. (1:4-5)

General Lucius D. Clay, Attorney General Robert Kennedy, and others, raised almost $3,000,000 in cash this week to make possible completion of the Cuban Prisoners release. (1:7-8)

December 27, 1962

The Soviet Union is carrying on intensive barrage of nuclear explosions apparently as a prelude to a formal proposal for a new moratorium on tests starting January 1. (1:8)

President Kennedy met today in Palm Beach with Senator Mansfield to discuss the President's policies for 1963. In addition, Mr. Kennedy met with leading policy makers of the Treasury and Budget Bureau. (1:1)

President Kennedy has informed House Democratic leaders that he wants supporters of his medical care program to fill the two Democratic vacancies on the House Ways and Means Committee. (1:2-3)

Pakistan announced that she had reached an agreement in principle with Communist China on the alignment of the Himalayan border. (1:4)

In Moscow the Soviet Foreign Ministry today called on the United States Embassy to halt the alleged espionage activity of the staff members.

December 28, 1962

France probably will turn down President Kennedy's offer of Polaris missiles in exchange for French cooperation with an integrated French-British-United States nuclear force within the Atlantic Alliance. (1:8)

A Congressional subcommittee urged Western Europe today to reduce tariffs and to take other measures to help United States eliminate the deficit in its international payments. (1:6)

Premier Khrushchev has called on Chancellor Adenauer to help bring about a German peace "settlement through the temporary stationing in West Berlin of troops under the United Nations flag." (1:7)

The Defense Department has granted a budgetary reprieve to Pluto the project to develop a nuclear powered ram jet missile that could fly at supersonic speeds around the world, with a multi-megaton warhead. (1:4)

At Palm Beach President Kennedy met with leaders in the Bay of Pigs invasion who were recently released by Cuba. (1:2-3-4-5)

At Palm Beach, President Kennedy and officials of the Defense Department and Military Services met to discuss a year end review of the military situation. LeMay still backs the Sky Bolt but McNamara says the end of the project is planned. An increase in defense spending is expected. President Kennedy also met with Mrs. Meir and they talked about world affairs. (1:1)

The Washington Star quoted James B. Donovan today as saying that he alone, not Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy had charge of the operation that brought 1,113 Bay of Pigs prisoners back to the United States. (1:1)

December 29, 1962

Chancellor Adenauer rebuked Russia's offer saying that it was a threat to peace. In discussing the accusation by Khrushchev in a letter he calls upon the Premier to take action to ease the tension. (1:6-7)

The Government is planning to put important new emphasis on exports in an effort to ease the balance of payments problem. (1:4)

President Kennedy met with Health, Education and Welfare Secretary Celebrezze in Palm Beach. Medical care and school aid bills were the primary topics of conversation. (1:1)

Secretary of Labor Wirtz has entered the six-day-old longshoremen's strike. (1:2-3)

Castro has cancelled his offer to permit 1,000 more relatives of Cuban refugees to leave Cuba. (1:7)

Dr. Frances Kelsey, who kept thalidomide off the American market, has been named Director of a new federal office which will decide which drugs are to be tested on human beings. (1:4-5)

In a report compiled by the National Institutes of Health, the principal research of the United States Health Service, showed that the Federal Government was financing well over half of the known research dealing directly or indirectly with birth control. (1:1-2)

December 30, 1962

President Kennedy promised a highly emotional crowd of Cuban exiles in Miami that the flag of the Bay of Pigs Brigade will be returned to a "free Havana." (1:8)

In his Miami speech, President Kennedy announced that the United States would try to support many "within the government, army and militia of Cuba who favor freedom and are determined to restore that freedom to Cuba." (1:6-7)

President Kennedy appeared to be winning his fight against renewed conservative control of the House Rules Committee. Some liberals wondered, however, whether in attempting to nail down his victory, Democratic leaders may have further crowded prospects for early passage of Mr. Kennedy's controversial health care plan for the aged. (1:6-7)

The Japanese Government appropriated 277,777 to start construction of an atomic-powered ocean survey ship. (1:5)

President Kennedy has approved in principal a new pay raise for the 1.6 million classified and Postal employees, that would cost about $500,000,000 annually, starting January 1, 1964. (1:1-2-3)

December 31, 1962

The United Nations Command has set up its offensive in Katanga today and vowed it would continue until the Province's succession was ended. President Moise Tshombe of Katanga has left the country. (1:8)

In Washington Government officials took a "wait and see" position on the Congo. (1:6-7)

Castro's rule in Cuba is four years old today. (1:2-3)

Cuba announced that additional relatives of the ransomed and invasion prisoners could leave only if Pan American Airways resumed service to Cuba. (1:1)

California now claims to be the first in the country in population, claiming that it has 17,393,000 compared to an estimated 17,341,000 for New York. (1:2-3)

Dr. James A. Van Allen discoverer of the earth's circling radiation belts that bear his name, voiced strong criticism today of President Kennedy's Science Advisory Committee. He said that the data on the radiation belts reflects hasty judgments by government insiders. (1:2)

The Space Agency has finally resolved the long standing conflict of interest problem involving General Electric Company and the program to land a manned expedition on the moon. The Agency has redefined the space contract. (1:1)

President Kennedy, writing in the current issue of Look Magazine, said that history "has already refuted the myth of the inevitability of Communist victory". (1:7-8)