1-7 | 8-14 | 15-21 | 22-31

July 1, 1961

Allied officials worked on the text of a note to the Soviet Union expected to reject treaty demands concerning Germany but to leave the way open for negotiations on Berlin. United States sources stressed impending military reinforcements in Europe as a sign of Western determination. (1:8)

West Germany’s lower house of Parliament appealed to the world powers to work toward a German peace treaty based on equal rights and self-determination for all. (2:5-6)

President Kennedy sought to break a procedural impasse in East-West disarmament discussions in a personal talk at the White House with the chief Soviet arms negotiator, Valerian A. Zorin. (1:6-7)

Britain appealed to the United States, the U.A.R. and other friendly Governments in the Middle East to join her in restraining Iraq from attacking Kuwait. (1:5)

Kuwait applied for membership in the United Nations. (3:8)

Mr. Kennedy signed an omnibus housing bill designed to help moderate-income families, the elderly and the poor obtain good housing in decent neighborhoods. (1:3)

President Kennedy also signed with "great pleasure" legislation to increase Social Security benefits for more then 4,000,000 persons of retirement age. The law will also admit about 162,000 more elderly persons to the program. (20:2)

The President asked American business and private foundations to help recruit a top-flight staff to administer proposed $25,000,000,000 five-year foreign aid program. (3:1)

Four moving companies and five of their executives were indicted on criminal antitrust charges. They were accused of conspiring to fix rates on the moving of household goods. (1:1)

As the Presidential emergency board pressed for a settlement in the maritime strike, new stresses were appearing among unions. (1:1)

Democratic leaders were seriously considering state Controller Arthur Levitt as a candidate to oppose Mayor Wagner in the Sept. 7 primary. (1:2)

Phoumi Nosavan assures Kennedy on Laos. Page 2

De Gaulle calls for allied unity. Page 2

Nehru suggests curbs on Lisbon over Angola. Page 4

Kennedy returns tariff-rise recommendations. Page 3

Two of three satellites fail to separate. Page 5

N.E.A. votes support of 1954 integration ruling. Page 1

Four Congo high school students visit here. Page 3

U.S. goods a success at fair in Poland. Page 21

July 2, 1961

British forces moved in Kuwait yesterday by air and sea in response to an appeal by the sheikdom for aid against annexation by Iraq. Kuwait radio announced that troops from Saudi Arabia had also been invited in to "support us in these difficult times." (1:8)

A complaint by Kuwait that Iraq is threatening her territorial integrity will be considered today by the United Nations Security Council. (3:1)

British and the Soviet Union agreed in Geneva on instructions for the acquisition of equipment by the International Control Commission in Laos for policing the cease-fire. (2:5)

Qualified estimates at the United Nations indicate the United States will not again be able to prevent discussion of the admission of Communist China to the world organization. Through vigorous diplomacy Washington has been able to postpone such a debate for ten years. (1:7)

A United Nations agency announced the start next year of the first expansive survey of the Indian Ocean in an effort to provide new sources of food. (10:1)

The National Counsel of Churches acted to mobilize Protestants for passage of Federal aid to education that excludes all grants and loans to parochial schools. (1:4)

The Presidential intelligence board headed by Dr. James R. Killian Jr. is holding a series of meetings in Washington to develop proposals on reorganizing the Central Intelligence Agency. (9:3)

A sunny, breezy day lured President Kennedy for a cruise aboard the family cabin cruiser on Nantucket Sound. (1:3-4)

A new turn that could end the maritime strike soon was announced early today by Chairman David Cole of the Presidential inquiry board. (1:1)

U.S. seeks end of segregation at state job offices. Pg. 22

Piggy-back rates facing Federal court test. Page 34.

Philippines election race is due to be rough. Page 2

MacArthur leaves for visit to Philippines. Page 2

Kennedy’s envoy selections stir mixed reaction. Pg. 9

Levitt reported resisting offer of Mayoral race. Page 18

Atlanta schools are prepared to desegregate. Page 22

U.S. surgeon praises Russian who revives "dead". Page 5

U.S. willing to launch AT&T satellite. Page 8

July 3, 1961

British marine commandos backed by Centurion tanks moved out into the scorching Kuwait desert yesterday to meet any threat from Iraq. The Kuwaiti Government announced that Saudi Arabian troops had landed in Kuwait by air. (1:1)

An order for the withdrawal of the British forces from Kuwait was requested by Iraq at an unusual Sunday meeting of the United Nations Security Council. An indication that the Soviet Union might support Iraq’s claim to the sheikdom was seen in the Soviet delegate’s reference to Kuwait as an "area" not a country. (1:2-3)

Soviet education authorities are approaching the graduate student exchange program with greater cooperation and friendliness than previously. They will open research institutes to American scholars in the fall. (1:4)

The United States announced the approval of the first Alliance for Progress projects under President Kennedy’s special aid program in Latin America. The projects will provide funds, totaling $3,780,000, for Panama, Guatemala and Argentina. (1:5)

Ernest Hemingway, the Nobel Prize-winning author, was found dead at his home in Ketchum, Idaho. (1:5-7)

Agreements were signed freeing more than one-third of the nation’s strikebound merchant fleet. President Kennedy prepared to move to free the rest of the fleet by ordering court action for an injunction to force the remaining strikers back to work. (1:8)

Kennedy’s policy on judges faces critical test. Page 5

U.S. still studying New Haven RR loan. Page 15

July 4, 1961

Hammarskjöld indicated his displeasure yesterday over a report on reorganization of the United Nations staff by an eight-man review board. He said its instructions were to concentrate on economy and efficiency and instead had involved itself in politics. Hammarskjöld rejected Soviet demands to have United Nations jobs distributed on a political basis with equal shares for Communists, the West and neutralists as a violation of the Charter. (1:1)

The United Nations pressed for an early opening of the Congolese Parliament. (1:2)

Lieut. Gen. Chang do Young, ostensibly the most powerful figure in South Korea, relinquished all his titles. Maj. Gen. Pak Chung Hi, vice chairman of the ruling junta, who is believed to have been the chief architect of the May 16 coup, succeeded him as chairman of the junta. (1:5)

Iraq denounced British troops in Kuwait as a threat to her security and called on all Arabs to unite against such "imperialistic aggression." (1:4)

Tariffs in the seven-member European Free Trade Association dropped 10 per cent on imports from fellow members. (4:1)

The Kennedy Administration has asked Congress to authorize a special "anti-subversive" military program in Latin America. (1:1)

In stressing a vast water and power development in the West, the Administration is seeking to reverse what it terms the "no-new-starts" policy of the previous Administration. (1:6-7)

To maintain his national standing, Mr. Nixon must either run for Governor next year or master-mind an impressive Republican assault on the second-term designs of Gov. Edmund C. Brown. (1:8)

James R. Hoffa asserted that the American people were on the ’threshold of an uprising" over the problems created by automation and large-scale unemployment. He told delegates at Miami Beach that he planned to build a national political machine. (8:1)

A court order temporarily halting the half-settled national maritime strike was issued last night by Federal Judge Sylvester J. Ryan. (1:8)

A Soviet history of China downgrades Mao. Page 2

China asks Laos neutrality debate at Geneva. Page 3

U.S. troops in Berlin told to be ready. Page 4

Kennedy confers with Goldberg and Killian. Page 11

White House gets a fine-arts trove. Page 21

Minnesota seeks check on Freedom Riders. Page 22

Meeting between Metropolitan and union not held. Page 13

Hong Kong urged to curb textile sales. Page 23

West’s capitals ponder monetary threat. Page 23

July 5, 1961

The British Government in House of Commons debate yesterday rejected any proposals for the future of Berlin and Germany that failed to include a provision for German reunification. This declaration by Prime Minister Macmillan would quash reports that Britain contemplated proposing that the East German Communist regime be recognized in exchange for a restatement of Western rights in Berlin and their guaranteed by the Soviet Union. (1:8)

Britain also disclosed that she was reinforcing her naval flotilla off Kuwait with a task force from the Mediterranean fleet. (1:7)

In a reply to an Independence Day message of congratulations from Premier Khrushchev, the President declared that the United States was still committed to the "revolutionary principles of individual liberty and national freedom." (4:4-5)

Reduced guest lists and no champagne were the order of the day at the 4th of July celebrations at United States embassies and consulates throughout the world. This is the result of the Kennedy Administration’s April directive restricting the use of federal funds for parties. (1:3-4)

Communist China owes the Soviet Union more than $300,000,000 as a result of Peiping’s failure to meet its export commitments to Moscow last year. (7:1)

The military government of South Korea, revamped on Monday, accused former Premier John M. Chang of having collaborated with Leftists and ordered stiffer penalties for all Communist sympathizers. (1:6)

Crews begun reviving some idle ships the day after a Federal court had ordered the eighteen-day maritime strike ended. (66:6-7)

Kennedy keeps tabs on citizens’ mail. (pg. 19)

Income ceilings eased in U.S. aided housing. (pg. 35)

July 6, 1961

Eighty Moslem dead and 266 wounded, these were the figures tabulated in a French military communiqué yesterday as darkness fell on Algeria after a day of nationalist strikes and demonstrations. Moslem shops, shuttered in protest against President de Gaulle’s threat to "partition" the African country. (1:8)

Paris authorities indicated that negotiations with Algerian rebel leaders would begin again within the next days. (2:6)

The Soviet Union and the UAR demanded at the United Nations that Britain withdraw her troops from Kuwait. (1:6-7)

The rocket flash, fifty miles high in the sky, marked the entrance of the young state of Israel to the space age. (1:7)

West Germany ended five months of hesitation and decided to join European efforts to build rockets. (10:3-4)

Communist affairs specialists in Washington have received new information on Albania’s "infidelity" to Moscow and her growing fondness for Peiping. (1:5)

East Germany announced plans for a major Government shake-up to find an "urgent" solution to the country’s economic problems. (6:3)

Labor Department data showed dramatic increases in employment and unemployment for June. Yet not enough jobs were available. The unemployment figures rose by 800,000 to 5,600,000 or the worst June since World War II. (1:6)

Cuban prisoners form own tractor fund group. (pg. 1)

U.S. assures Ghana of Volta dam loan. (pg. 8)

Drug pricing bill opposed by the A.M.A. (pg. 31)

F.T.C. changing rules to speed cases. (pg. 33)

July 7, 1961

Nikita Khrushchev moved to formalize Soviet responsibility for the defense of North Korea. The document Khrushchev signed was a ten-year military pact that pledged support for the North Korean Communist regime against attack "with all forces and by every means." (1:8)

Moscow apparently is subjecting Peiping to a deep chill in public and diplomatic relations, while working strenuously to counteract any tendency of Communist regimes in areas close to China, such as North Korea, to slip into Mao’s orbit. (2:2-3)

The Administration now has disavowed a plan to offer Communist China a seat in the United Nations General Assembly beside Nationalist China. (2:6-8)

Red China’s deputy foreign minister refused in Geneva to consider controls to guarantee the projected international pledge to respect the independence and neutrality of the Southeast Asian kingdom of Laos. (3:1)

A "clear-cut pattern of discrimination." Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy remarked as the Justice Department filed its first civil rights voting suits in Mississippi. (10:3)

A long tube that will carry a four-man crew will be built for the Navy as a drifting laboratory for secret research on underwater signals. (8:3-4)

James R. Hoffa pledged he would join a "splinter" federation if the merged labor movement broke up. He predicted the break-up within 18 months unless the labor federation readmitted the exiled Teamsters. (1:4)

The Government refused the New Haven railroad’s request for a $5,500,000 emergency loan. The line is expected to ask for a trustee to oversee its bankrupt operations. (1:1; Text, Page. 11)

Cairo is negotiating to buy U.S. rockets. (pg. 1)

Britain meets snags in Common Market entry. (pg. 1)

Korean death plot laid to General Chang. (pg. 2)

Poland is seeking large United States loan. (pg. 6)

U.S. acts to get housing for African diplomats. (pg. 1)

Walter opposes security aides named by Kennedy. (pg. 8)

July 8, 1961

Debate on the Kuwait issue ended in the U.N. Security Council yesterday with defeat of rival resolutions but general agreement that the latest Middle East crisis appeared to be subsiding. (1:1)

The United States and the Soviet Union exchanged new accusations over the stalemated negotiations to achieve a ban on nuclear weapons tests. Moscow rejected Washington’s proposals for inspection safeguards in a treaty. (1:2-3)

The East-West stalemate over Berlin and Germany will be discussed today by President Kennedy and three of his top advisers: Secretary of State Rusk, Secretary of Defense McNamara and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor. (1:4)

One area of agreement, the need for direct New York-Moscow air service, will be discussed by officials of both governments in Washington July 18. (38:4)

In Ciudad Trujillo, a surging anti-Government mob marched through the streets with incendiary candles. (1:2)

President Kennedy will officiate at a ceremony Monday to signal the start of a national campaign to win support for his hard-pressed foreign aid program. He will formally inaugurate a Citizens Committee for International Development, a group of prominent business, labor, education and foundation leaders. (5:6)

The chairman of Mr. Kennedy’s task force on Latin American, Adolf A. Berle, Jr., retired. He became the center of a major controversy within the Administration over lines of command and decision. (1:1-2)

James R. Hoffa was re-elected to a five-year term as president of the Teamsters union. (39:1)

Tin group seeks end of United States stockpile (pg. 22)

July 9, 1961

Premier Khrushchev announced yesterday that he had ordered the suspension of the Soviet armed forces reduction program and an increase in the current defense budget equivalent to $3,500,000,000. He said he had been "compelled" to act because of the Western military build-up. He indicated that he intended to keep Soviet troops in East Germany even after the signing of a peace treaty with its Communist regime. (1:8)

Pravda gave prominence to a statement by Peiping’s Foreign Minister in which he denounced "gossip" about Soviet-Chinese Communist relations. (1:7)

Outer Mongolia, a contested area between Moscow’s and Peiping’s spheres of influence, has informed the United States of her readiness to establish diplomatic relations. (1:7)

The launching of the 265 pound Tiros meteorological satellite has been set to coincide with the hurricane season now starting. (39:3)

The acceptance of Mr. Beame, who is said to have been the Mayor’s original choice to run for Controller, represented the first crack in the heretofore solid opposition of the Brooklyn Democratic organization to Mr. Wagner. (1:1)

Dominican police battle new riots. Page 33

Negro is named assistant labor secretary. Pg. 1

Byrd machine challenged in Virginia Primary. Page 40

U.S. to propose Peace Corps plan to U.N. Page 53

Harlem area is aided by "Peace Corps." Page 52

Negroes sue to integrate South Carolina parks. Page 65

July 10, 1961

The Aviation Day display in Moscow, which included new supersonic fighters and bombers, was the first of its kind in five years and was regarded as a warning to the West of Soviet military strength as a showdown on Berlin nears. The military fly past marked the first public display of at least eleven new combat aircraft and large helicopter transports. (1:8)

General Norstad has told a House committee that NATO forces could give "a very good account of themselves" for a limited period of time. (1:7)

Chancellor Adenauer said the most important world issue was "controlled disarmament," not a German peace treaty as Premier Khrushchev had declared. (1:6)

What the Asians want to know is whether the United States is willing to fight or will just keep talking as the Communists advance. (1:5)

A staggering task for the Kennedy Administration is the appointment of 100 Federal District and Circuit judgeships. (11:1)

The National Science Foundation said that if the United States is to meet its scientific needs over the next decade, it must treble its investment in scientific education and research in the universities. (1:2-3)

Herbert H. Lehman interrupted an Adirondack vacation to make a personal denunciation of the Mayoral bid of State Controller Arthur Levitt. Mr. Levitt’s election would make Tammany leader Carmine G. De Sapio the undisputed political boss of the city and state. (1:1)

China says it backs world Communist policies. Page 4

Kennedy spends day at homework on Berlin. Page 12

Unpaid volunteers teach some Virginia Negroes. Page 21

Discoverer capsule caught in air over Pacific. Page 1

July 11, 1961

Secretary of State Dean Rusk set forth yesterday a new basic aid of United States foreign policy: to establish a common denominator of self-interest among all nations that do not want communism forced upon them. (1:6)

Adlai E. Stevenson declared the United States would regard a disarmament agreement as an "economic opportunity" rather then a "threat to our economic prosperity". (3:7-8)

The Soviet and British co-chairmen of the Geneva conference on Laos reported that they were deadlocked on how the talks should proceed. (11:2)

A basic agreement on political cooperation within the European Common Market was reached by the Foreign Ministers of the six-nation group. (1:7-8)

President Kennedy has ordered an urgent review to determine whether the United States should increase its military strength to meet Soviet threats on Berlin. (1:8)

The American Stock Exchange urged Congress to provide funds for the S.E.C. to conduct a broad investigation of nation’s securities markets. (1:4)

Mildred Cillars, who was known as Axis Sally during World War II, was paroled from a Federal reformatory at Alderson, W. Va. (14:2-4)

Pakistani President due in Washington today. Page 8

India to widen system of democracy. Page 10

Iraqi minister denies old seizure reports. Page 12

Washington apartments opened to African diplomats. Page 18

U.S. joins suit to stop racial arrests. Page 19

Kennedy names Negro as District commissioner. Page 20

House approves bill for U.S. park at Cape Cod. Page 20

Launching of Midas warning satellite fails. Page 5

Injunction in maritime strike extended 80 days. Page 62

July 12, 1961

In Washington yesterday, President Mohammed Ayub Khan of Pakistan was given an enthusiastic welcome, with ringing applause, rose petals and ceremonial hat. His busy day included a motorcade, a two hour conference with President Kennedy and a state dinner at Mount Vernon. (1:5)

Premier Khrushchev was entertaining President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana in Moscow. (1:7)

Tension and unrest were mounting in East Germany over Communist threats to seal off Berlin. Refugee officials said 2,600 East Germans had entered West Berlin since Saturday. (1:8)

An agreement was signed by communist China and North Korea. The military assistance pact was similar to a treaty signed last week by North Korea and the Soviet Union. (1:6)

A Paris tribunal sentences to death in absentia three former generals and five former colonels who have been fugitives since the collapse of the military coup in Algeria last April. (9:1)

The Pentagon disclosed it was studying plans to mobilize certain National Guard and Army Reserve units for a speedy build-up of military manpower to deal with the Berlin crisis. These plans would permit a sizable troop increase "within six months," and are among the "possibilities" now being explored by the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the request of President Kennedy. (1:8)

Mr. Kennedy’s long-range foreign-aid program hit a snag in legislative waters. A House subcommittee chairman announced that his group was suspending hearings on the request. (7:1)

The Tennessee Valley Authority announced a reduction in rates that will provide the lowest costs in the nation for electricity used in the average home. (1:1)

Whittaker Chambers is dead. He died of a heart attack Sunday at his farm in Maryland. (1:6)

U.S. plans more propaganda in Latin America. Page 3

Maryland apologizes to Africans over bias. Page 13

Byrd forces win Democratic primary in Virginia. Page 14

Kennedy rebuffed on tax curbs for entertainment. Page 15

Citizens Council accused in Negro vote case. Page 18

Four Freedom Riders jailed in Little Rock. Page 18

Lawyers urge stronger housing bail law. Page 64

July 13, 1961

President Mohammad Ayub Khan of Pakistan bluntly and eloquently told a joint session of Congress yesterday that the United States’ foreign aid program meant life or death to many nations. (1:6)

Some mild criticism directed at President and Mrs. Kennedy for their dinner for him at Mount Vernon on Tuesday as too fancy and costly. "No" said the White House, reminding people that President Washington excited unfavorable comment by riding in a coach considered too grand for a democratic country. (1:7)

President de Gaulle went on television to tell the nation it must speedily modernize its arms to be prepared for the East-West showdown over Berlin. (1:4)

The United States placed two experimental satellites into orbit, one, the 3,500-pound Midas, to detect enemy intercontinental missiles as they are launched. The other was the Tiros, a meteorological satellite that spots such storms as hurricanes. (1:8)

The Air Force wants Congress to invest more heavily in bombers and other manned aircraft. (1:7)

The problem of the Native American, the Indian, was the subject of an Administration-backed task force report which urged that the Government shift its emphasis from terminating its supervision over the Indian to spurring the development of Indian-owned resources. (37:2-3)

The N.A.A.C.P. urged President Kennedy to issue a "clear call" for civil rights legislation. (16:1)

At the White House, eight major defense contractors signed nondiscrimination employment pledges. (14:1)

U.S. aid project is opened in Poland. Page 3

R.F. Kennedy warns of delinquency wave. Page 31

Virginia primarily keeps Byrd group in control. Page 61

Freedom riders choose jail rather than quit. Page 14

Quill supports Wagner in election. Page 19

Norfolk hotel to accept Negro labor delegates. Page 16

U.S. Treasury repays loan for New Haven. Page 41

July 14, 1961

Chancellor Adenauer pointed yesterday to the new flood of refugees from East Germany. Officials said more than 1,400 East Germans were registered in West Berlin and West Germany in the last twenty-four hours. (1:8)

Moscow and Belgrade appeared bent on improving relations. A harmonious joint communiqué ended a cordial Kremlin visit by Yugoslav Foreign Minister Popovic. (1:7)

The Pakistani leader, President Ayub, warned against any U.S. military aid to India. (1:5)

The Kennedy Administration’s proposal to convert the Hanford reactor into the world’s largest atomic power plant was narrowly defeated by the House. Lobbying by private utilities, coal interests and unions was said to have been intense. (1:2)

The Government’s mail-fraud case against Teamster President Hoffa was thrown out of Federal court on a legal technicality. However, the judge left the way open for new prosecution. (1:1)

Controller Gerosa of New York announced he would run for Mayor as an independent in the general election. This insured at least a three-way race for the Mayoralty. (1:1)

Dr. Robert Soblen was found guilty of wartime espionage for the Soviet Union. The defendant, given a year to live with leukemia, is unlikely to receive a death sentence. (6:3)

Indian plan on Laos presented at Geneva. Page 2

Foreign students trample lawn at White House. Page 1

Kennedy rejects G.O.P. compromise on aid. Page 4

United States issues rules on Negroes’ job rights. Page 10

U.S. and Dutch fail to reach airline accord. Page 45

Four Freedom Riders released by Little Rock. Page 11

U.S. monetary stock rose in week.

July 15, 1961

Allied planners were weighing a proposal for East-West agreement against nuclear attacks on cities. Major changes are under way in the Soviet armed forces, where all units are getting rockets and small, independent nuclear detachments are being formed. (2:4)

Maj. Uri Gagarin had lunch with Queen Elizabeth II in Buckingham Palace. The adulation shown him in Britain has led some to worry about the nation’s values. (3:1)

In East Germany restive farmers have threatened to break up collective farms in protest over the regime’s agricultural system. (1:5)

The West German Defense Minister was in Washington to buy arms, including missiles. (1:2-4)

In an effort to block another Soviet goal, Secretary Rusk threatened to use a veto against Moscow’s bid to replace the U.N. Secretary General with a three man directorate. (1:6-7)

President Kennedy was said to have rejected a plea to help settle Pakistan’s feud with India over Kashmir. But Mr. Kennedy reiterated support for a U.N.-supervised plebiscite. (1:6)

The Government’s efforts to plug a half-billion-dollar leak of income tax revenues took a step forward when a House committee approved withholding taxes for dividends and interest. A sixth of each dividend or interest payment would be deducted and turned over to the tax collector. (1:1)

Chairman Fulbright said he would seek an early vote on the President’s request for borrowing authority not subject to annual Congressional approval. (2:1)

India cautions Britain on joining market. Page 3

India offers fifteen-point Laos peace plan. Page 3

South Africa puts off a Mennen Williams visit. Page 4

New Latin accord is offered by United States. Page 10

Britons criticize U.S. shipping policies. Page 42

Kennedy appoints liberal to Tariff Commission. Page 3

Kennedy proclaims "Captive nations Week." Page 4

Powell warns craft union son anti-Negro bias. Page 20

Pure water bill is sent to the White House.

C.A.B. head criticizes foreign airlines, Page 42

July 16, 1961

The United States and Britain called on the United Nations yesterday to halt alleged Soviet obstruction of efforts to ban nuclear tests. In a joint note they asked the General Assembly to take up the issue on an urgent basis at its next session. However, further talks by the three powers at Geneva were not ruled out. (1:8)

A strongly worded American note accused the Russians of trying to "sabotage" the Geneva parley. The message rejected Soviet demands for a joint Western, Soviet and neutral directorate of a test ban. Washington coupled this with a statement of willingness to keep negotiating despite "the lateness of the hour." (5:1)

The United States is planning to press the issue of self-determination in Communist Eastern Europe. Moscow talks constantly about freedom of choice outside Europe but rigorously bars it in the Soviet bloc. (1:6-7)

Disclosure that the Army is below authorized strength "shocked" Chairman Vinson of the House Armed Services Committee. Mr. Vinson demanded remedial action. (1:4)

A Pentagon panel is completing studies that may lead to a unified supply service for all the armed forces. (1:5)

President Kennedy sent Congress a charter plan that would let residents of the District of Columbia elect a mayor, a non-voting delegate to the House and a legislative council. (42:2)

Senator Joseph R. McCarthy’s target, Reed Harris,  is returning to Federal service as the "righthand man" to Edward R. Murrow, director of the U.S.I.A. (1:3-4)

General Douglas MacArthur will be the President’s guest Thursday at a White House luncheon, their second meeting this year. (42:4)

Red China and North Korea assail Yugoslavia. Page 9

U.S. sources liken India’s Laos plan to Red’s. Page 18

Taiwan restive over U.S.-Mongolia talks. Page 19

South Korean junta plans to free prisoners. Page 20

Robert Kennedy cautions Khrushchev. Page 40

U.S. adding curbs to entertaining by envoys. Page 35

Kennedy conducts No. 1 lobby on Capital Hill. Page 43

Frederick Stueck of F.P.C. commits suicide. Page 36

Columbia displays atomic project papers. Page 54

U.S. libraries report new surge of interest. Page 59

Tomb of 457 A.D. found at site of Maya city. Page 3

Electronic data-retriever to aid C.I.A. Page 31

Two astronauts on diet for flight this week. Page 37

July 17, 1961

Senator Fulbright urged African and Asian neutrals yesterday to speak out firmly for the right of self-determination for all peoples. Neutral nations might play a great role in averting trouble over Berlin, the Senator said, if they insisted that both East and West respect a people’s right to determine its own form of society. (1:8)

An East Berlin publication said the Communists would declare West Berlin a free city when the Russians and East Germans signed a peace treaty. It also said East Germany would try to control the internal affairs of West Berlin. (3:6-7)

Although there was no "war" atmosphere in Washington so far, officials made clear that they expected the President to declare at least a partial national emergency over Berlin. But no decision has been made on calling up extra troops. (1:5)

President Kennedy has decided on the first revision of his Administration. He would change the top officials of the C.I.A. but would also decide on the future direction of the State Department. One factor is a major conflict of personality and policy between Under Secretary Chester Bowles and the White House. It is believed Mr. Bowles will be asked to resign and accept an ambassadorship. (1:6-7)

Mr. Kennedy will return to the fight for his foreign-aid program today in a new series of White House meetings with influential lawmakers. (1:4)

Despite the brisk pace of industrial recovery from the recession, a confidential survey made for Labor Secretary Goldberg indicates there will be little improvement in unemployment in the next six months. (1:1)

U.S.-Soviet arms talks resume in Moscow today. (pg. 1)

O.A.S. team to ask continued watch on Dominicans. (pg. 9)

President gets report on radio satellites. (pg. 9)

July 18, 1961

In similar notes, the United States, Britain and France categorically rejected Premier Khrushchev’s latest proposals on Berlin and Germany. (1:8)

The Western Allies apparently are moving to increase the tactical ground and air forces opposing the huge Communist military establishments in Europe. (1:6)

President Bourguiba of Tunisia warned that he would give France until tonight to promise to evacuate the Bizerte naval base and accept Tunisia’s claim to part of the Sahara. (1:4) The Tunisian declaration caused an open breach with the Algerian nationalists who earlier had issued a joint announcement with France on the resumption Thursday of Algerian peace talks. (1:5)

The government chiefs of the six European Common Market countries began arriving in Bonn for a conference aimed at giving political flesh to their economic union. (6:6)

Generalissimo Franco marked the 25th anniversary of the start of the Spanish Civil War with a military parade through the heart of Madrid. Large crowds watched the three-hour display in silence. (6:4-5)

The White House said that Mr. Bowles would remain as Under Secretary of State. Thus, the President put off a change in the high command of the State Department that Administration sources believe to be inevitable. (1:8)

A new appointee to the White House’s official family was Frank Pace, Jr., a former Secretary of the Army, who was named a member of Mr. Kennedy’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. (12:3)

Unfavorable weather over Cape Canaveral forced the postponement of the nation’s second manned flight into space until tomorrow morning at the earliest. Virgil Ivan Grissom, a 35-year-old Air Force captain who flew 100 fighter sorties in Korea, is assigned to "fly" the two-ton Mercury capsule, named Liberty Bell 7. (1:2)

Ty Cobb, the No. 1 immortal in modern baseball’s Hall of Fame, died in Atlanta at the age of 74. (1:3-4)

Tanganyika gets U.S. pledge of economic aid. (pg. 7)

Peace Corps project for Punjab is pushed. (pg. 13)

Kennedy sees Senators on foreign-aid program. (pg. 4)

Former S.E.C. chairman resigns as a member. (pg. 14)

July 19, 1961

The United States has warned the Soviet Union that it will defend its rights in Berlin. In a note to Moscow made public yesterday, Washington reaffirmed the West’s willingness to negotiate but also challenged Premier Khrushchev to discuss a German settlement on the basis of self- determination. Similar notes were sent to the Soviet Foreign Ministry from Britain and France. (1:8; Text, pg. 4)

The tension between France and Tunisia increased as Tunisian troops and civilians besieged the French base at Bizerte and volunteers were reported to have moved into the French-held Sahara. (1:6-7)

Britain, which is not a member of the Common Market, plans to draw a substantial, and undisclosed, sum from the International Monetary Fund as part of its emergency program to strengthen sterling and correct unfavorable economic tends. (1:6-7)

President Kennedy called the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the White House for a special conference late yesterday and ordered a meeting of the National Security Council today. All the emergency defense measures under consideration would cost $4,300,000,000 in addition to the $43 billion defense bill now before Congress. (1:7)

Mr. Kennedy’s aid-to-education bill was dealt a virtually fatal blow by the House Rules Committee. It voted 8 to 7 to table the measure. (1:5)

An appraisal of Mr. Kennedy’s first six months in the White House found that on the home front he had kept his campaign promise to "get the country moving again," but not nearly so far or as fast as he had hoped. (17:1-2)

The 290-mile Rocket flight to be made by Air Force Captain Virgil I. Grissom was re-scheduled for 9 A.M. today. (1:8)

Mrs. Angier Biddle Duke, wife of the State Department’s Chief of Protocol, two other socially prominent women and their pilot were killed when a taxi-service plane crashed in residential Jackson Heights, Queens. (1:2-4)

U.S. and South Vietnam agree on aid program. (pg. 3)

Dominican President invites O.A.S. to return. (pg. 7)

Reorganizing of U.S. Maritime agencies urged. (pg. 58)

July 20, 1961

Fighting broke out yesterday between the French forces at the big Bizerte naval base near Tunis and Tunisian troops. France reinforced her garrison by parachute drop. (1:8) France said again that she did not intend to negotiate withdrawal from the large Mediterranean base at gun-point. (1:6-7)

President Kennedy said he would call on the Allies to increase their defense measures. Defense Secretary McNamara to fly to Paris this weekend to discuss with NATO members emergency measures to meet a Berlin showdown. Kennedy to address the nation Tuesday night on the general problem that the United States faces in the security field in the summer of 1961. (1:5; Text, page 6)

Austria’s argument with Italy over Alto Adige was taken to the U.N. Last year the General Assembly urged the two parties to negotiate or arbitrate the issue. (1:7-8)

The Secretaries of State and Treasury sent a letter to all members of Congress urging them to support the program that was "compelled by our commitment to our own Freedom." (1:4; Text, pg. 4)

The President upheld the right of all Americans to travel "freely" in the United States "for whatever reasons they travel," but stopped short of endorsing the Freedom Riders. (1:2)

Welfare Secretary Ribicoff, who refused to become involved in the controversy over the Newburgh, N.Y. relief code, gave New York State approval to revive work projects for persons on relief. (1:3-4)

Weather cancelled Astronaut Grissom’s flight into space for the second straight day. (12:2)

Meanwhile, President Kennedy’s plan for the even more dramatic moon shot won resounding approval in Congress where a joint committee voted to let him spend every penny he asked for this year to get the program moving. (12:1-2)

President Kennedy, reopened his press conference after it was over to make a special pleas for physical fitness, urged every school in the country to provide its students with fifteen minutes of vigorous exercise each day. (1:5)

Delegates somber as talks on Algeria resume. (pg. 3)

Kennedy will not go to August Uruguay parley. (pg. 12)

President says he has no plan to replace Bowles. (pg. 8)

National output rises to a record rate. (pg. 14)

New Haven Railroad seeks new U.S. loan. (pg. 55)

Chicago cab men turn down Hoffa in vote. (pg. 25)

July 21, 1961

The French broke the Tunisian blockade of the Bizerte naval base. Tunisia severed diplomatic relations with France and, later, French armor moved to seize Bizerte itself. (pg. 1)

Paris sent Tunis a note offering to discuss a cease-fire, but Tunis refused. (1:7; pg. 2)

Tunisia accused France of aggression and called for a Security Council meeting, which will begin today. (1:6; pg. 3)

The Tunisian Ambassador rejected a U.S. plea for a solution outside the U.N. (3:1)

Kuwait was admitted to the Arab League. (5:5)

Soviet Ambassador Menshikov expressed confidence that East-West talks would ease the Berlin tensions that he said could lead to World War III. Then, he sailed from New York to report Moscow to worsened U.S.-Soviet relations. (4:5)

Although the President does not intend to declare a national emergency over Berlin, the Government has initiated plans to permit a larger draft and to improve National Guard and Reserve readiness. (1:5)

In almost party-line voting, Senate committee members gave President Kennedy his first major victory in the Congressional struggle over his long-range foreign aid program. They approved his request to make long-term loans totaling nearly $9,000,000,000 to under-developed area in the next five years and to borrow the money from the Treasury. (1:1)

By executive Order, the President shifted operation responsibility for civil defense from the O.C.D.M. to the Pentagon in the first step toward a larger program to protect civilians against nuclear fall-out. (1:8)

As the result of critical memorandum from Senator Fulbright, the Pentagon has limited the freedom of officers to advocate Right-Wing political theories in official appearances. Now, they must get policy guidance from Washington. (1:2)

General MacArthur said it was good "to feel a part of the current scene" at a luncheon with President Kennedy and other high officials at the White House, his first visit there in seven years. (8:6-7)

Higher taxes to meet extra spending in the Berlin crisis have been recommended by the Treasury. The additional cost is expected to be about $2,000,000,000. No decision has been made on the tax proposal. (1:6)

Kennedy beaten on plan to revamp N.L.R.B. (pg. 9)

A.M.A. forms a political action committee. (pg. 20)

July 22, 1961

Capt. Virgil I. Grissom, the nation’s second space explorer, returned yesterday from a sixteen-minute ride that rook him 118 miles into the sky and 303 miles out into the Atlantic, but it ended in an unplanned swim. (pg. 1:6-7)

President Kennedy, who watched the space flight on television, congratulated the astronaut in a telephone call. Mr. Kennedy later signed a bill authorizing $1,784,300,000 for expanding space projects and to make a start toward sending a man to the moon. (10:5)

Denouncing United States leaders for creating "military hysteria" over Berlin, Moscow’s newspaper Invested declared that the Soviet Union had a larger and faster fleet of rocket-launching nuclear submarines than the United States. (1:5)

The United States and the World Bank will grant Argentina $204,500,000 in loans for industrial development. The United States has also agreed to help Argentina expand her exports to this country. (1:1)

The President has personally intervened in an effort to salvage at least part of his school-aid program. Mr. Kennedy and his Congressional lieutenants are working to combine some relatively non-controversial feature in a new bill. (19:3)

Lost capsule contained valuable equipment. (pg. 10)

U.S. to sponsor free airlift for 20,000 Cubans. (pg. 1)

Civil defense to remain under civilian control. (pg. 11)

Mrs. Angier B. Duke is buried in Southampton. (pg. 21)

July 23, 1961

Both France and Tunisia accepted a call by the Security Council yesterday for an immediate cease-fire in the struggle for control of the French naval base at Bizerte. The Council’s resolution called on both sides to retire to the positions they held before the battle began last Wednesday. (1:8; Resolution, pg. 2)

France offered to confer with Tunisians on a formal cease-fire. (1:6)

President Bourguiba made plain that Tunisia would keep pressing for a French evacuation of the Bizerte installation. (1:7)

The British Foreign Secretary noted that Mr. Khrushchev had said West Berliners should be able to decide their own future and that Allied troops could remain. (25:1)

Impelled by Soviet pressure on Berlin, President Kennedy has decided on a step-by-step plan to bolster the political, economic, and military strength of the Western alliance, to improve the West’s ability to wage all kinds of war anywhere in the world. (1:4)

Defense Secretary McNamara and General Lemnitzer left for Europe to discuss the President’s plan with NATO officials. (27:1)

Moscow’s recent display of aerial might is seen by most observers as a show of force linked to the Berlin crisis. The new Soviet aircraft have aroused great interest and divided the Pentagon. Some Navy men consider the Russian aircraft "nothing new", but the Air Force says the new types show major Soviet technical advances. (26:1)

Capt. Virgil I. Grissom acknowledged that he had removed two safety devices from the mechanism that prematurely blew out his hatch cover, causing his space capsule to sink. But he said he was positive that he had not deliberately pushed the activating plunger. And he was "pretty certain" that he had not accidentally grazed it. (1:2-3)

The Air Force selected fifty test pilots for military man-in-space missions.

There are signs that the Air Force will have a freer hand in manned space ventures. (33:3)

By telephone from Hyannis port, President Kennedy spoke with Prime Minster Diefenbaker of Canada and opened a new transcontinental communications network between Alaska and the United States. (56:3)

A break-through in the long war against organized crime and racketeering is at hand, the Department of Justice believed. Officials credit two factors: the Criminal Division’s new "clearing house" on crime information and hope for Congressional passage of new anti-racketeering laws. (37:1)

Havana limits U.S. airlift of Cuban refugees. (pg. 1)

Bolivian president gains over Communists. (pg. 19)

Goldberg panel to curb abuses at missile bases. (pg. 32)

Pravda deplores Soviet lag in oceanography. (pg. 71)

July 24, 1961

Paris sources said yesterday that the Government did not consider itself bound by the UN Security Council’s appeal for the cease-fire and withdrawal of troops of both sides to positions held before the outbreak of violence. However, French troops were reportedly withdrawing from the downtown sections of Bizerte. (1:8)

On President Bourguiba’s urgent invitation, Secretary General Hammarskjöld left for Tunis in a bid to settle the dispute over the Bizerte base and Sahara territory. (1:6-7)

French troops continued to ring Bizerte. (13:7)

Despite the Tunisian situation, the Algerian rebels appeared ready to continue peace talks with France. It was believed that fear of UN intervention in North Africa might have increased both French and Algerian readiness to achieve a settlement. (3:6)

As two United States missile-detecting and weather satellites orbited the earth, Moscow denounced them as espionage devices. (1:4)

Any money request by President Kennedy to Congress is expected to get prompt and favorable consideration. Well-placed sources say the President will seek up to $3 billion to bolster conventional forces in Europe. (1:8)

Mr. Kennedy will speak to the nation Tuesday night on Berlin and defense. (7:3)

A drive to organize Southern state and city officials for political action has been opened by conservatives, former Dixiecrats and leading segregationists. (1:1)

Ulbricht demands more food production.

Bolivia’s slump is challenge for United States. (pg. 9)

July 25, 1961

The battle of Bizerte was viewed as a tragedy for everyone except the Communists. (3:5-6)

President Kennedy’s speech tonight on the Berlin crisis will inaugurate a new flexible policy, not only for Berlin but for the whole "cold war" front, including political and economic programs of the Government. (1:5)

An armed passenger took over an Eastern Air Lines plan carrying thirty-eight person and forced the pilot to fly from Florida to Havana. A United States jet fighter tried unsuccessfully to thwart the flight. (1:7)

The Kennedy Administration came out in favor of private ownership and operation of a communications satellite system capable of linking "the farthest corners of the globe." (1:1; text, pg. 12)

As a prelude to a manned lunar expedition the United States will send a highly complex satellite more then 500,000 miles into space. The national space agency announced that it would attempt to launch the Ranger satellite (Ranger I) "within a few days." (12:4)

President Kennedy’s foreign aid program which includes an authorization for $8,800,000,000 in long-term development loans was formally approved by a 13 to 4 vote of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. However, several Senators who voted for approval served notice that they would join an expected floor effort to strike out the five-year borrowing authority. (1:4)

Katanga accepts Soviet offer of aid. (pg. 4)

Stevenson says Latins back Cuba. (pg. 11)

Brazil plans tie with Soviet "very shortly." (pg. 11)

Yuri Gagarin is hailed in Havana. (pg. 11)

Ribicoff outlines plan on medical care of aged. (pg. 17)

July 26, 1961

In a firm tone President Kennedy spoke to the nation last night on the Berlin crisis. He asked for an over-all increase in the nation’s military preparedness to meet a Soviet threat he described as "world-wide". The President proposed adding 217,000 men to the armed forces and increasing expenditures by $3,457,000,000, including $207,000,000 for civil defense. He said he was requesting no new taxes at this time, but he indicated they might become necessary later. (1:8; Text, Page 10)

The measures that Mr. Kennedy outlined will bring military appropriations to Korean War levels and provide a 1,000,000-man Army for the first time since 1956. (1:4)

Mr. Kennedy’s disarmament adviser left Moscow unexpectedly to fly to the Black Sea retreat of Premier Khrushchev. The main subject of their talks will be disarmament. (1:7)

Government scientists told a Congressional hearing no solution was in sight for developing reliable methods of detecting clandestine nuclear explosion underground or in space. (11:2-3)

The conflict over Bizerte appeared to have acted as a catalyst in the peace talks between the French and the Algerian rebels, who reached an accord "in principle" on the procedure of their discussions. (6:1)

An Administration program to provide $180,000,000 in grants to help states, communities and nonprofit organizations improve their health service facilities was approved by the House. (16:2)

Congressional leaders received an appeal from a railroad industry spokesman, who declared that "a crisis of monumental proportion" might befall segments of the industry unless relief was provided. (20:3)

Cuba releases 37 but holds seized plane. (pg. 1)

Cuba shows Soviet-built jets at fete. (pg. 3)

Nigeria’s Prime Minster meets President Kennedy. (pg. 8)

July 27, 1961

President Kennedy’s demands to build up a fighting force to deter war over Berlin, but to win it if such a war comes, won swift bipartisan support in both House of Congress yesterday. The Administration raised the August draft call for the Army from 8,000 to 13,000 men, as the President was asking for $3,500,000,000 in additional funds for more troops, weapons and civil defense. (1:8; Text, pg. 8)

Draft boards felt the first effects of the President’s address Tuesday night. They were bombarded by calls from young men and their parents, wives and sweethearts seeking information. (1:6-7)

Foreign reaction varied, but most of it was favorable. (11:1)

The Portuguese Government in Angola and its other African territories announced it would grant constitutional equality to about 10 million Africans. (1:1)

Premier Castro said Cuba would eventually have a single political party to construct a Socialist state. He spoke at a rally celebrating the 8th anniversary of his 26th of July Revolutionary Movement. (1:4-5)

France snubbed Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld on his bid to go to Paris to inform himself on the French view in the Bizerte dispute and accused him of favoring the Tunisians. (1:5)

Israel outlines a new comprehensive program for her economic development with particular attention given to the Negev desert region. (6:5-6)

The White House issued a new code of ethics for Federal employees. Among other things, it prohibits them from disclosing "official information." (1:4)

President Kennedy’s catch-all farm bill passed the Senate, with a new program for cutting the nation’s wheat surplus and reducing the government’s bill for storing and handling that huge surplus. (13:4)

The administration also moved to reassure Congress that its "power of the purse" would not be diluted by passage of the President’s foreign-aid program of Treasury-financed long-term loans. (7:2-3-4)

The Federal space agency is forced to use a helicopter with marginal weight-lifting abilities to recover astronauts and their space capsules because, the agency says, the Navy will not guarantee that carriers will be in the task force used to make such recoveries. This was one of the reasons given for the loss of Captain Grissom’s space capsule last Friday. (12:2-3)

Kennedy plan asks shelters in cities. (pg. 1)

Kennedy asks $10 million for warning system. (pg. 10)

Railroads able to meet limited emergency. (pg. 11)

White House raises estimate of recovery pace. (pg. 13)

Gizenga backers win top posts in parliament. (pg. 2)

Castro wants planes back in return for airliner. (pg. 4)

Peru’s lag on aid stirs U.S. concern. (pg. 5)

Japanese Reds assert U.S. is main enemy. (pg. 6)

U.S. sues to integrate Montgomery airport. (pg. 31)

July 28, 1961

Secretary Rusk told newsmen that the nation’s "diplomatic posture need not be" defensive, that the West "would not necessarily wait for" Soviet initiative in Berlin negotiations and that the range of "possible negotiations is fairly wide." (1:8)

A cautious hint of progress in another area of tension, disarmament,  came from the American negotiator, John J. McCloy in Moscow. "Maybe we are further along," he commented after reviewing the subject with Premier Khrushchev. (1:6-7)

Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld was discouraged over his peace efforts in Tunisia after receiving diplomatic slaps from the French. (1:7)

The Security Council will take up the Bizerte situation again today and is expected to hear a report by Mr. Hammarskjöld on his Tunisian visit. (4:5)

The Italian Government charged that recent bomb outrages in Alto Adige and other parts of Italy were organized by Austrian nationals on Austrian territory. (7:2)

Premier Castro’s offer to exchange an American airliner for Cuban planes held here was rejected by Secretary Rusk. He said the return of Cuban planes seized to satisfy legal claims was a court matter. (1:7-8)

Secretary McNamara said only sparing use would be made of requested authority to activate reservists and to extend military training obligations. He also said the Government would try to pass over those who had completed regular, full-time enlistments. (1:5)

The House Foreign Affairs Committee endorsed the President’s long-range foreign-aid program. (1:4)

A flurry of Southern Democratic opposition failed to keep the Senate from confirming the appointments of two members, one a Negro, and the staff director of the Civil Rights Commission. (9:4)

A peaceful integration program arranged by whites and Negroes got under way in Dallas. (1:4-5)

The Federal space agency will sign a contract today to launch the first privately owned satellite for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. (7:1)

Bonn weighs recall of reservists to NATO. (pg. 2)

Rusk hails Korean junta’s democratic trend. (pg. 2)

Nigerian leader opposes Soviet plan on U.N. (pg. 4)

U.S. said to have invited Brazil’s President. (pg. 7)

Hoffa rebuffed in union vote in California. (pg. 22)

July 29, 1961

Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld told the United Nations Security Council yesterday that on his visit to Bizerte he had seen French military forces policing the city in violation of Tunisian sovereignty. He said that testimony he considered reliable indicated that French troops also had violated the cease-fire called for by the Council last Saturday. (pg. 1:8; pg. 2)

President Bourguiba declared that the only thing the United States should do was to help Tunisia obtain "the complete evacuation" of French forces from her territory. (3:1)

The French-Algerian peace talks broke down in disagreement over the Sahara. (1:6-7)

Britain told her partners in the European Free Trade Association that she would seek membership in the Common Market. She won their approval in principal. (1:4)

President Kennedy’s request for more weapons and troops was overwhelmingly approved by the Senate. (1:2-3)

The Senate also passed six bills recommended by the Attorney General to combat organized crime and racketeering. (17:1)

The Pentagon announced it was arranging special assistance for Cuban refugees who want to join the U.S. armed forces. This was part of the United States’ effort to relieve the pressure of jobless Cuban refugees in Miami. (9:1)

The Administration invited twelve companies to submit bids to build a multi-ton space craft that would carry a three-man expedition to the moon before 1970. (13:6)

President Kennedy joined his wife in Hyannis Port, Mass., to help celebrate her thirty-second birthday. (17:3)

French launch a new bathyscaphe. (pg. 3)

Robert Kennedy to visit Ivory Coast for U.S. (pg. 4)

Katanga officials deny seeking Soviet aid. (pg. 4)

U.S. Army in Europe curtails troops’ free time. (pg. 5)

U.S. sending jets and pilots to Germany. (pg. 5)

U.S.-Soviet disarmament talks still stalled. (pg. 6)

U.S. outlines bill for "tax haven" levies. (pg. 19)

Congress urged to smash power of TV Networks. (pg. 21)

Minow angrily denies interest conflict in TV case. (pg. 39)

F.A.A. report seeks Mitchell airport sponsor. (pg. 21)

Landis noted progress in air talks with Soviet. (pg. 38)

Ocean research bill passed by the Senate. (pg. 19)

Oil producers hope Russians will raise prices. (pg. 23)

Italian-Soviet oil deal is explained. (pg. 23)

July 30, 1961

When Soviet readers get their copies of Pravda today, they will find there is a restatement of the Soviet Communist thesis that this generation can avoid nuclear war. In its final version, edited by Premier Khrushchev, the declaration is part of a fundamental program to guide the Soviet bloc for years to come. It is the first basic party program since Lenin’s of 1919. Although the document forecasts ultimate capitalist downfall, it also calls peaceful coexistence "an objective necessity." (pg. 1:8)

John J. McCloy, President Kennedy’s disarmament negotiator, has been called home from Moscow to report on his recent talks with Premier Khrushchev on disarmament and Berlin. (1:7)

With the French again attending but not voting or debating, the United Nations Security Council failed to pass three proposals aimed at settling the French-Tunisian dispute over Bizerte. (1:4)

A hope that such a session would bring the Algerian problem would be brought before the Assembly was viewed as one reason why the Algerian rebels broke off their peace talks with France. (3:3)

In Tunis, the Secretary General of the Arab League conferred with officials on how to help oust the French from Bizerte. (1:5)

Cuba said she would take legal steps to put the case of a seized American airliner before the Security Council. (1:6-7)

Pentagon officials stressed that President Kennedy’s plans for a military expansion would be concentrated first on improving the training and combat readiness of the armed forces here at home. Some troops and unites may be sent abroad but major reinforcements are unlikely to be deployed in Europe before late fall at the earliest. Mr. Kennedy wants to avoid the appearance of provocation by massing forces near possible combat zones. (1:2-3)

Former President Truman declared that the Russians were bluffing on Berlin and that Moscow was too scared of the Chinese to risk war. President Kennedy’s defense address, he said, called the bluff. (35:6)

World’s astronomers fear that an Air Force plan to experiment in global communications by girdling the earth with a belt of needles will interfere with telescope and radio telescope scanning. (48:1)

Peaceful coexistence of the Socialist and capitalistic countries is an objective necessity for the development of human society. From draft program of the Soviet Communist party published in Pravda. (1:8)

Iran’s new five-year plan is outlined. (pg. 7)

Yuri Gagarin is hailed in Brazil. (pg. 14)

Johnson turns on a light for India. (pg. 22)

Repatriation of Koreans troubles Japan. (pg. 23)

U.S. prestige suffers slight decline in India. (pg. 23)

U.N. to aid marine research off Peru. (pg. 24)

Lenin’s Communist program was unfulfilled. (pg. 36)

Dallas following long-range integration plan. (pg. 36)

U.S. weighs new rules on watered hams. (pg. 46)

U.S. super-highway opens in St. Louis. (pg. 52)

North Carolina college admits first Negro. (pg. 57)

Cardinal Tardini, Vatican Secretary of State dies. (pg. 1)

July 31, 1961

The first Soviet Communist party blueprint since 1919 filled nine pages of the Soviet Union’s major newspapers yesterday and for five hours Soviet broadcasters read the 50,000-word document. (pg. 2:1)

As one of the chief authors of the historic document, the Soviet leader was regarded as enhanced in stature in comparison with the Chinese Communist party chairman, Mao Tse-tung. (1:8)

The Soviet program has mirrored more sharply Soviet-Chinese differences in both domestic and foreign policy. (1:7)

The program also appears to depart from the pro-consumer orientation hinted at by Mr. Khrushchev earlier in the year, giving Soviet leaders more leeway in future economic planning. (2:6-7)

The Soviet Union staged a navy show of about sixty warships off Leningrad. Despite an official boast that missile-armed atomic submarines are the backbone of the Soviet navy, none was shown. (1:5)

The failure of the United Nations Security Council to act in the Bizerte crisis has aroused bitterness among Tunisians. The next step will be an appeal to the General Assembly, where the Tunisian Government is convinced it can obtain favorable action on its demand for a complete withdrawal of French troops. (1:4)

President Kennedy’s long-range foreign-aid proposals are expected to encounter stiff floor opposition, especially in the House. (1:2-3)

Fowler Hamilton was reported to be strongly favored by the White House to succeed Allen W. Dulles as director of the C.I.A. (1:1)

The Senate has hired a French maitre d’hotel to break the corn pone-and-bean soup monotony of its dining room cuisine. (1:7)

The 100,000 voluntary health and welfare agencies in the nation were warned to clarify their financial reports. (1:2)

Israel begins work on $75,000,000 port. (pg. 4)

Nigerian leader sides with Tunisia on Bizerte. (pg. 6)

Nuclear risks key topic at sea insurance parley. (pg. 40)

Spellman scored on school-aid stand. (pg. 16)

Christian church assailed on being segregated. (pg. 16)

International Monetary Fund maps expansion. (pg. 29)

U.S. men whip Poland, 121 to 91, in track meet. (pg. 26)