1-7 | 8-14 | 15-21 | 22-30

June 1, 1962

The Soviet Union, troubled by lagging farm production, announced sharp increases in food prices yesterday. The price of meat will rise 30 per cent and the price of butter 25 per cent. Moscow sought to justify the increases by declaring that funds could not be diverted from defense because "international reaction, with the United States in the lead, is conducting a frenzied drive for armaments and is hatching plans for a surprise nuclear and missile attack." (1:1)

In Washington, Secretary of State Rusk brushed aside Premier Khrushchev's denunciation of the European Common Market and his call for a world trade conference as signs of understandable concern by the Soviet leader about the economic vitality of the West. (1:2)

Mr. Rusk also said at a news conference that the prospects for creation of a neutralist coalition government in Laos should be clarified soon. (6:3)

Adolf Eichmann is dead. The former Gestapo officer was hanged in Israel's gloomy, fogbound Ramie Prison for the part he played in rounding up millions of Jews and transporting them to their deaths in Nazi camps. Cold and unyielding to the end, he rejected an appeal by a Protestant minister that he repent. (1:2-3)

The Administration held out hope for a faster-than-expected upturn in the nation's economy in the last three quarters of this year. The hope was expressed by Secretary of the Treasury Dillon and Budget Director Bell as a factor in the Administration's decision to stand by its forecast of a balanced budget in the coming fiscal year. (1:6-7)

As a means of reducing dollar expenditures abroad, the Pentagon is considering the rotation of some troop units in Europe on short tours without their families. (9:1)

President Kennedy directed the Government to undertake a major Federal office-building program that accords with the most advanced principles of modern architecture. The program, which calls for a large-scale redevelopment of Pennsylvania Avenue, may face stiff opposition in Congress. (1:2-3)

President Kennedy announced a $12,600,000 mass social experiment to strike at the roots of juvenile delinquency. The three-year project, which will use Manhattan's lower East Side as a giant laboratory, will be financed by Federal, city and private funds. (1:4)

White House tells why it cut newspaper list. (11)

June 2, 1962

Diplomats of the Netherlands and Indonesia may meet again in Washington soon to complete preliminary talks on settling their dispute over Netherlands New Guinea. Both sides have agreed in principle to negotiate on the basis of a plan advanced by a United States mediator. (1:6)

The Government estimated that fall-out from past nuclear tests might cause the death of about forty Americans a year from bone cancer and leukemia and cause serious genetic defects in about 110 children in the next generation. But the Government report emphasized that radiation received from nuclear fall-out is considerably less than that received from natural radioactivity in the earth and air and only a small fraction of the permissible radiation levels set by the Government for the whole population. The report said that about half of the fall-out exposure would come from the intensive Soviet test series last fall. (1:1; Text 6)

The first Federal construction plans for fall-out shelters were announced by the Pentagon. Twelve shelters that will house 1,750 persons will be built in Forest Service buildings that are to be constructed soon. (1:2)

June 3, 1962

Largely because of Moscow's apparent lack of interest in serious bargaining over Berlin, the Kennedy Administration believes its relations with West Germany are gradually improving again. Differences over the conduct of the Berlin negotiations persist, but the sense of urgency is fading. (1:7)

Iraq orders U.S. Ambassador to leave Baghdad. (1)

U.S. accedes to ban on dances in Saigon. (1)

U.S. aides in Laos fear new pro-Red attack. (2)

Connally defeats Yarborough in Texas run-off. (1)

June 4, 1962

One hundred and thirty persons were killed yesterday when an Air France Boeing-707 jetliner crashed and burned while taking off from Paris' Orly Airport for New York. Almost all of the victims were officials or members of the Atlanta Art Association who had come to Europe on an art tour. (1:8)

It was also the fourth crash of a Boeing 707, which has become the most common jet airliner in the world. (23:5)

In Dortmund, Germany, Chancellor Adenauer declared that the United States leadership of the free world was an "absolute necessity" for Western Europe. But by the same token, he said, Western Europe must retain its role as a "valuable and wanted" ally of the United States. He also indicated that he would not retire next year. (1:1)

A State Department advisory committee urged that the United States provide greater support to the International Atomic Energy Agency. The committee said the agency could now begin to help build atomic power plants because of an encouraging outlook for developing economically competitive electricity from nuclear power. (1:2-3)

The Soviet Government warned that the United States would seriously aggravate the world situation if it proceeded with its plans for high-altitude nuclear tests. (2:1)

June 5, 1962

A United States attempt to explode a nuclear device high over Johnston Island in the Pacific failed yesterday because of electronic trouble in a Thor rocket. The rocket and its nuclear warhead were deliberately destroyed in flight. Their pieces fell harmlessly into the ocean, and the A.E.C. said there was no chance of an explosion there. (1:2-3)

Moscow again raised before its people the specter of a surprise atomic attack by the United States. (6:4)

And at the Geneva disarmament talks, the Russians charged that Washington was moving the arms race into outer space. (6:3)

Premier Pompidou of France predicted a "rearrangement" of NATO to adjust to a changing balance of power between the United States and Europe. (1:4)

The ministers of the Common Market countries voted a set of higher tariffs aimed at the United States in reprisal for scheduled American increases on carpets and glass. (1:5)

In Washington, President Kennedy's foreign trade bill was cleared by the House Ways and Means Committee in a heavy bipartisan vote. (1:6-7)

Secretary of the Treasury Dillon said the Administration will seek a "top to bottom" income tax reduction in next year's tax bill. He said it would be coupled with revenue-raising measures to offset the cuts "in whole or in part." He said the bill will not be designed in nervous reaction to the stock market but rather in the light of economic conditions. (1:8; Text, 67)

Wall Street had another, but relatively mild, slump. (55:8)

Roger M. Blough, chairman of U. S. Steel, said there was "plenty" of evidence that business confidence in the Government was fairly low and he called for better relations. Asked if he felt bitter over the President's steel price action, he replied: "No, do you?" (55:5)

The Kennedy Administration received a disappointing report that business was not increasing its planned spending for expansion. (55:1)

But the White House had good news from the railroads, which agreed to higher wages recommended by a Presidential Board. (25:3)

Smoking study urged by Public Health Service. (20)

June 6, 1962

Acting Secretary General U Thant of the United Nations charged that the high altitude nuclear tests planned by the United States were "a manifestation of a very dangerous psychosis." (1:5)

In Washington, an official scientific panel criticized as inadequate the Government's present program for monitoring fall-out. (7:1)

Democratic Congressional leaders told President Kennedy at breakfast that they would welcome his planned request for tax cuts next year. "Congress is always receptive to this kind of proposal." Speaker McCormack commented. Republican lawmakers, however, warned that lower taxes would simply mean another budget deficit. As for the 1962 tax bill (which has no tax cuts) it was still bogged down in committee. (1:1)

President Kennedy renewed his dispute with the A.M.A. on the medical care issue by challenging it to say that it had always approved of, and still endorsed, the Social Security System. In response to an earlier charge by the President, the A.M.A. had replied that it never opposed Social Security. But Mr. Kennedy cited several instances yesterday when the A.M.A. had assailed it. (1:3; Text, 26)

Richard M. Nixon gained a substantial victory in the race for the Republican nominee for Governor of California. Mr. Nixon will now race Gov. Edmund G. Brown, a Democrat, in the November election. (1:2)

June 7, 1962

The Premier of Syria announced that his Government would begin negotiations for a partial restoration of his country's union with the United Arab Republic. He said he envisaged a federal union under which Syria would retain her sovereignty. (1:5)

NATO military leaders expect to reach the long-sought goal of thirty Allied combat-ready divisions in Europe within six months. The goal was originally set in 1954. (11:1)

A routine amendment to the foreign-aid authorization bill to bar aid to Yugoslavia ended in the Administration's first major defeat in Congress in the field of foreign policy. Rejecting a last-minute White House appeal that such countries as Yugoslavia and Poland be aided in maintaining "some freedom of maneuver against the Kremlin," the Senate voted 57 to 24 to bar foreign aid to Communist-dominated countries. (1:8; Text, 16)

The tax bill that President Kennedy wants Congress to enact next year caused new trouble for the one he wants enacted this year. Two Republican Senators said that Congress could not act intelligently on this year's bill while there was talk of big tax cuts being planned for 1963. (1:2)

The President told the 598 graduates at West Point that the problems the United States faces required them to be much more than professional soldiers. They must, he said, be diplomats as well. He said that in a world threatened with nuclear war, military officers had "a responsibility to deter war as well as to fight it." (1:4; Text, 26)

Senator John L. McClellan announced that his subcommittee would begin public hearings in the Billie Sol Estes case on June 27. More than 100 persons are expected to testify on the Texan's tangled operations. (24:3)

June 8, 1962

United States efforts to bring about a coalition government in Laos that would include pro-Communists have been coolly received by some anti-Communist leaders in Southeast Asia. But, at the same time, Washington's dispatching of troops to Thailand against a possible Communist threat from Laos has improved the West's position. (3:2-4)

Secretary of State Rusk's ten-day trip to Europe later this month will include meetings in Paris, Bonn and London. He will also stop briefly in West Berlin and pay courtesy calls in Rome and Lisbon. (15:3)

In a news conference dominated by economic issues, President Kennedy announced that he would ask Congress to enact "across-the-board" personal and corporate income tax cuts next year, to take effect on Jan. 1. In a long statement, the President sought to allay the recent excitement about whether the Administration had new economic plans in mind and to prod the Senate Finance Committee once again to speed action on the year-old tax bill that is now in its hands. (1:8; Trans. 14)

Congressional Republicans accused the Administration of "incompetence" in managing the nation's economy and of "bluster and whimpering" in its conduct of foreign affairs. The attack was made in a new statement of Republican party principles designed as a campaign weapon. (1:6-7; Text, 18)

The Senate approved a $4,662,000,000 foreign-aid authorization bill after modifying a total ban on aid to Communist-dominated countries it had voted Wednesday. The chamber voted, 56-34, to continue the President's authority to send surplus farm commodities to Yugoslavia and Poland but barred military aid, new loans or cash grants to the two countries. (1:6-7)

President Kennedy affirmed that he was supporting the reelection of Representative Charles A. Buckley of the Bronx despite Mayor Wagner's opposition. "We have a different opinion," the President said. (20:7)

President moves to act in Republic plant strike. (33)

June 9, 1962

A confident President de Gaulle predicted last night that the referendum in Algeria July 1 would result in an independent Algeria closely associated with France. In a televised address to the French nation, he discounted the terrorism by European extremists in Algeria. (1:8; Text, 9)

United States and Soviet experts in Geneva announced they had agreed on recommendations to their Governments for cooperation in space research. (1:2)

Edward M. Kennedy, 30-year-old brother of the President, won the endorsement of the Massachusetts Democratic convention for a seat in the Senate. (1:2-3)

Officials disclosed that President Kennedy himself took the initiative last Wednesday to modify the cutting operation performed by the Senate on his foreign aid bill. They said that a lack of Administration liaison on the bill had increased his displeasure over the operations of the aid agency. (1:5-6)

June 10, 1962

Washington's preoccupation with the problems of European unity was reflected in top-level conferences arranged for the visiting Belgian Foreign Minister, Paul-Henri Spaak. He conferred with Secretary of State Rusk and his aides and attended a "working lunch" with President Kennedy. (1:5-7)

Panama's President, Roberto F. Chiari, will arrive in Washington Tuesday for talks with Mr. Kennedy. The meeting may lead to negotiations for a revision of the 1955 Panama Canal Treaty. (26:1)

The United States commander in Berlin sent a strong protest to the Soviet commander against "lawless, irresponsible and dangerous incidents" perpetrated by East German personnel at the Berlin border. The protest specifically condemned East German guards for firing at a steamer on which fourteen East Germans fled to West Berlin. (1:4)

Savings and loan lobbyists have called off their fight against the tax withholding provisions of the Administration's tax-revision bill. The decision appreciably improves the prospects for approval of the beleaguered bill by the Senate Finance Committee, which has had it in hand since April 2. (1:1)

Public schools in the South have come through their first academic year without violence since 1954, when the Supreme Court declared racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional. The first seven years after the court's decision were marked by mob action, boycotts or bombings. (1:3)

June 11, 1962

The Greek Government appealed to farmers to limit wheat growing. It said a large crop deprived Greece of substantial United States aid in agricultural surpluses. (1:6)

The nation's space program, until now developed by a civilian agency, is undergoing a major change. After years of reluctance and opposition, the Pentagon has accepted the need for a military space program aimed at control of space as well as its exploration. Accordingly, the Air Force has been authorized to develop the technology required for a manned satellite program to prevent military control of space by the Kremlin. (1:8)

The Army is resuming a policy of assigning responsibility for troop indoctrination to junior officers on the company level rather than, as in recent years, to higher headquarters. The method is similar to that of the Marine Corps, which has been widely praised at a Senate inquiry. (1:6-7)

Three major aluminum companies have offered to buy the surplus aluminum in the Government's stockpile over a twenty-year period. The unusual offer was said to be similar to one rejected in 1959. (31:1)

The Kennedy Administration faces more difficulty in Congress this week, with the main battles expected in the House. Republicans see an opportunity to embarrass the Administration on the usually routine bill to lift the legal limit on the national debt. The Administration's farm bill, also scheduled for action, faces stiff resistance. (1:1)

June 12, 1962

United States officials were reported interested in the idea of "buying" concessions on Berlin by getting West Germany to extend financial credits to East Germany, which has been seeking about $800,000,000 worth. But Washington feels that Bonn is not eager about the plan. (3:1)

West Germany, meanwhile, was considering steps to ease its relations with the Soviet bloc. (3:5)

A hot sun blazed brilliantly on 12,000 graduates and guests on Yale's elm studded Old Campus as President Kennedy stood up under a canopy of Yale blue to appeal for business-Government cooperation. He called on business men to help find solutions to the problem of making the economy work at full capacity and he warned them against economic "myths." Alluding to recent stock market gyrations, he said it was false to attribute "any and all turns of the speculative wheel" to lack of confidence in his Administration. (1:8, Text, 20)

The President's speech was believed certain to trigger a debate on budget balancing. In conservative circles it is heresy to say what Mr. Kennedy said: that balanced budget thinking is laden with mythology and that budget deficits and inflation do not necessarily go hand-in-hand. (20:7)

Yale made the President a paper alumnus by giving him an honorary degree. He appealed directly to his new fellow alumni--including Roger Blough, head of United States Steel to "smoke the clay pipe of friendship." Mr. Blough got an immediate chance to do just that when he and other business leaders met with Mr. Kennedy to discuss international money matters. (1:6-7)

The House Ways and Means Committee changed the President's foreign trade bill to give Congress theoretical power to limit Presidential control over higher tariff petitions. (1:7)

As the same committee began private hearings on old-age medical care, the Administration indicated willingness to compromise on some features. (1:5)

Kennedy rules out new Coast ship strike. (7:5)

June 13, 1962

The problem of trying to prevent Moscow from becoming a major military supplier to India was receiving urgent personal attention from Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Macmillan. The Russians have offered India supersonic jet fighters, and the West is considering several counter-proposals, including an offer of British or French jets. (1:2-3)

Besides the problems of war and peace in the Indochina area, the United States also had to worry about the social life of its personnel there. South Vietnam's first lady bade the mushrooming American colony in Saigon to abide by the nation's new puritanical code and desist from dancing. (2:4)

United Nations sources said the organization would have to borrow $2,000,000 or $3,000,000 in the next few days to help meet bills for the Congo operation, the emergency force in Gaza and routine work. (1:2-3)

President Kennedy and Democratic Congressional leaders agreed that the Administration's bill for withholding taxes on interest income and for business tax incentives must be passed this year at all costs. The first step will be an intensified drive to win the support of several Democrats on Senator Byrd's Finance Committee. (1:8)

White House sources admitted that a little-noticed part of the Trade Expansion Bill "has just about tied the President's hands" in trying to spur a degree of independence from Moscow for Poland and Yugoslavia. The section directs him to end "most favored nation" status for both as soon as "practicable." (1:4)

June 14, 1962

President Kennedy has joined Premier Khrushchev in welcoming the formation of a neutral coalition government in Laos, but he warned the Premier that "no untoward actions anywhere" should disrupt the progress to date. In a note published yesterday, the President replied to the Soviet leader's suggestion that other East-West problems might be solved now in a similar way by saying, in effect, that Laos was only a beginning--a "milestone" on a road requiring further cooperation. (1:8)

In New Delhi, Prime Minister Nehru hinted that he was disposed to accept a Soviet offer of MIG fighter planes. He said that MIG's appeared to be the "most suitable" planes to meet India's defense needs. (1:5)

President Kennedy and President Roberto F. Chiari of Panama agreed to arrange high-level talks on Panama's objections to some aspects of the Panama Canal treaty. But their joint communiqué after two days of meetings seemed to rule out the likelihood that the treaty would be revised again in the near future. (1:8; Text, 14)

The Senate decisively overrode Administration objections by providing extra funds to speed development of the RS-70 reconnaissance-strike bomber. By a 74-13 vote, the chamber agreed to add $320,000,000 for the controversial project requested by the Air Force. The action came as the Senate approved, 88 to 0, $48,429,221,000 in defense appropriations for the next fiscal year--the largest military budget in peacetime. (1:1)

June 15, 1962

An hour-long Soviet attack on the United States chilled the atmosphere at the Geneva disarmament talks just before the conferees departed for a one month recess. (2:4)

South Vietnamese Army units, carried by United States helicopters, opened an offensive against a long-impenetrable jungle sanctuary for Communist guerrillas. Meeting only light opposition, the Government force seized what was called a "major Communist headquarters" loaded with equipment. (1:4)

Washington received bitter warnings from its Ambassadors to Yugoslavia and Poland of the drastic consequences of Congressional moves to deprive those two countries of special aid and trade benefits. (1:2)

President Kennedy, who has been accused of being harder on business than on labor, issued a stern warning to the flight engineers' union to refrain from striking against three major air lines. He spoke at a news conference after the union turned down his proposal to submit its dispute to a three-man arbitration panel for a final decision. As the Government's efforts to settle the contract dispute collapsed, 1,700 members of the union prepared to strike against Eastern Air Lines, Pan American World Airways and Trans World Airlines. A top union official said that a strike against one of the carriers would be called within forty-eight hours. (1:8; Trans. 10)

Once again the President's news conference was dominated by economic issues. Mr. Kennedy suggested that the country should not be concerned over whether he should be in the White House but over "the necessity of attempting to work out economic policy which will maintain our economy at an adequate rate of growth." (1:6)

The stock market broke to the lowest point in almost four years. It was the fourth successive sharp drop and took the average substantially below the closing level on May 28, the day of the sharpest break since 1929. (33:8)

After a two-day, sharply partisan debate, the House voted, 211 to 192, to raise the national debt limit to $308,000,000,000--a record high. (1:7)

Kennedy denies Laos developments set a pattern. (6)

Kennedy seeks G.O.P. support for farm bill. (1)

Senate passes all-channel television measure. (1)

June 16, 1962

The Soviet delegate remained silent as the four other permanent members of the United Nations Security Council urged India to negotiate with Pakistan on their fifteen-year-old dispute over Kashmir. (1:5)

For the Third time, the flight engineers union rejected President Kennedy's proposal that all issues in its dispute with three major airlines be arbitrated. But the union said it would not call a strike against any of the lines - Eastern Air Lines, Pan American World Airways and Trans World Airlines - before 2:30 P.M. today. (1:1)

The Public Health Service recommended an expanded vaccination program to protect against expected outbreaks of Asian flu next winter. The agency suggested that all persons over 45 be vaccinated this fall. (21:2)

The long strike against the Republic Aviation Corporation in Farmingdale, L.I. was ordered ended by a Federal judge in Brooklyn. The order was drawn up at the direction of President Kennedy. (1:2)

June 17, 1962

United States officials in Berlin disclosed that two American students have been held in prison by East Germany for some time. The students, both Californians, are said to be accused of trying to help East Germans flee to the West. (1:2-3)

India's apparent readiness to buy jet fighter planes from the Soviet Union has caused a great deal of agitation and bitterness in Washington. (22:1)

Secretary of Defense McNamara made the first detailed, public explanation of the United States' reasons for so strongly urging upon its Allies that the West's nuclear deterrent should be "indivisible." In a commencement address at the University of Michigan, Mr. McNamara said that "relatively weak national nuclear forces" would not be "sufficient to perform even the function of deterrence." (1:1)

Defying President Kennedy, the flight engineers' union announced that it would call a strike today in its dispute with three major airlines. But the union said that it would not disclose immediately whether it would strike one, two or all three of the lines, nor the time of the walkout. (1:5)

U. S. to help Iran build port and roads. Page 2

June 18, 1962

The leaders of the European terrorists in Algeria proclaimed last night a new truce ordering members of their Secret Army to "suspend combat and to halt destruction." They broadcast the declaration after Dr. Chawki Mostefai, leading nationalist member of the transitional executive council, agreed to three concessions the terrorists had requested in month-long talks with nationalist leaders. Dr. Mostefai, who made it clear that he spoke for the nationalist leadership, promised a general amnesty for crimes committed by European terrorists prior to yesterday if the terrorism did not resume. He also pledged that Europeans would serve in the new Algerian police forces and he accorded the Secret Army a degree of public recognition by stating that he had negotiated with its representatives. (1:8)

In defiance of President Kennedy, the Flight Engineers International Association announced that it would strike against Trans World Airlines at 2 P.M. tomorrow. The union said that it did not plan to call strikes against the two other airlines with which it has contract disputes. (1:1)

The Kennedy Administration's year-old drive to open industrial jobs to Negroes is a subject of controversy. The politically volatile dispute centers on reconciling the "compulsory" program run by the staff director of the President's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity and a "voluntary" approach being pressed by a member of the group who is a close friend of Mr. Kennedy. (1:4)

The outlook for the President's legislative program has been buoyed by signs of unaccustomed accord between Northern and Southern Democrats on several key issues. Although major elements of the Kennedy program are still in serious trouble, significant numbers of Southern Conservatives have provided the margin of victory for the Administration on some crucial votes. (1:5)

The heart of the President's proposed $695,000,000 civil defense program has been cut out by a House subcommittee. Meeting in closed session, it eliminated the entire $460,000,000 requested to launch a nation-wide fall-out shelter program. (1:6)

June 19, 1962

A pirate broadcast over the sound channel of the Oran television station last night appeared to herald an open split in the Secret Army in Algeria. The leaders of the European terrorist group in Oran rejected the truce announced Sunday night by the organization in Algiers, declaring that "the fight continues." The Oran leaders called themselves the "high command" of the Secret Army and referred to the Algiers leaders who had negotiated the truce with the Moslem nationalists as a mere faction. (pg. 1:8)

The Cabinet crisis in South Korea appeared ended for awhile when Gen. Chung Hee Park, chief of the ruling military junta, assumed the Premiership. (7:2-5)

Secretary of State Dean Rusk, who left Washington for a visit to five European capitals, described the trip as an effort to work out "the next steps" to make the free world more prosperous and secure. He said that a "ferment" of creative activity should not be confused with policy differences. (1:6-7)

The Supreme Court ruled that Federal courts have no power to halt strikes called in violation of collective bargaining agreements. (1:1)

Menzies discusses trade bloc with Kennedy. (pg. 1)

June 20, 1962

Premier Nikita Khrushchev said he saw no reason to go to war over Berlin and he set no deadline for a settlement. He did predict, however, that the Western occupation of West Berlin would end at some time in the future. He also restated to a Rumanian audience his threat that Americans would eventually fall under communism. (1:7)

Thailand retaliated sharply against what Government sources termed unwarranted American intervention in a dispute with Cambodia. As a result, an immediate boycott was placed on Thai participation in Southeast Treaty Organization meetings and the Geneva conference in Laos. In Washington, United States Government sources denied any involvement in the dispute. (1:7)

In Paris, Secretary of State Dean Rusk held an exploratory talk with President de Gaulle on the discord over nuclear arms. The talk may lead to a meeting between President Kennedy and General de Gaulle. No date was proposed, however. (1:6)

The Federal Government sought to crack down on nutritional quackery, an estimated $500,000,000 a year business. Proposals announced by the Food and Drug Administration would overhaul the special dietary food regulations. (20:3)

The drive to ransom 1,179 survivors of the ill-fated invasion of Cuba last year entered its third month with a promise of support from numerous world figures. A sponsors' committee has been formed that includes more than fifty persons of prominence in the United States and Europe. Last night the announcement of the creation of the sponsoring committee awaited only the acceptance of the chairmanship by "a person of considerable prominence." (9:1-4)

U. S. to waive restriction on Saigon aid. (pg. 1)

June 21, 1962

Following a number of brief gun battles across the Berlin wall, Western policemen built sand bag barricades and dug protective emplacements. Western officials emphasized that the work done was entirely defensive to prevent Eastern policemen from inflicting damage at will. On the other side of the wall, 600 East Berlin policemen strengthened fortifications. (1:4)

U. S. intelligence sources in Washington have reported the largest buildup of Chinese Communist troops in coastal area opposite the offshore islands and Taiwan since 1958. The report started that both ground and air forces were involved. The Administration has concluded that the size of the force would be consistent with an attack on the offshore islands. (1:6-7)

The second consecutive failure of an attempted U. S. high altitude nuclear explosion has caused speculation as to whether such a shot could be accomplished in the present test series. A Thor-missile and its nuclear warhead were destroyed two minutes after launching in the Pacific in a similar failure to that earlier this month. (1:8)

The Flight Engineers' International Association and T.W.A. were said by authoritative sources to be near agreement on the main points of a new contract. Meanwhile, President Kennedy headed off a strike against American Airlines for at least sixty days by invoking emergency powers. (1:2-3)

Kennedy bids students discard outmoded ideas. (pg. 14)

Administration discourages '63 recession talk. (pg. 15)

June 22, 1962

President Kennedy's legislative program was dealt a stunning blow as Republicans and dissident Democrats killed his farm bill. The controversial measure had appeared to be on the verge of passage when the House voted 215 to 205, to send it back to committee. The surprise action came after an intensive Administration lobbying campaign for the bill, which would have imposed the strictest production controls in history on major crops. Forty-eight Democrats joined the nearly solid Republican ranks of 167 to pull the upset, while only one Republican joined the 204 Democrats voting for it. (1:8)

The Senate-House deadlock over appropriations bills continued despite expressions of concern by Government officials over shortages of operating funds. (1:7)

After twenty-four hours of almost continuous negotiations led by Federal mediators, an accord was reached to avert the threatened strike against Trans World Airlines. The Kennedy Administration hopes that the agreement, which provides for gradual reduction of jet cockpit crews from four men to three will set a pattern for the solution of other labor problems arising from technological changes. (1:6)

A Federal grand jury in El Paso, Tex., handed up a new indictment of twenty-nine counts against Billie Sol Estes. The indictment involves sixteen counts of mail fraud, twelve counts of illegally transporting securities in interstate commerce and one count of conspiracy. (8:3)

In Washington, two Republican Senators on a panel investigating the Estes case accused Secretary of Agriculture Freeman of sanctioning an attempt to dig up information about them in a move to thwart the investigation. (1:7)

Mrs. Kennedy reopens White House library. (pg. 27)

U. S. gold loss halted for fifth week. (pg. 31)

June 23, 1962

All 112 persons aboard a French airliner were killed early yesterday when the jet crashed into a hillside while trying to land in a storm at Guadeloupe in the West Indies. (1:2-4)

French and United States investigation teams were sent to Guadeloupe to seek the cause of the disaster. The crash was the fifth Boeing 707 disaster since February 1961, but authorities have apparently found no pattern of failure in the craft, the most widely used jet in commercial aviation. (10:2)

In Bonn, Chancellor Adenauer and Secretary of State Rusk conferred for seventy minutes and reached agreement on the "thoughts and goals" of all major issues. The general agreement, which Dr. Adenauer said did not include "every work and letter," was said to cover the Berlin problem, which has caused German-American irritation. (1:1)

A Soviet veto defeated a resolution in the United Nations Security Council to bring India and Pakistan together for negotiations on their fifteen year dispute over Kashmir. The veto lead to a sharp exchange between the Soviet delegate and Adlai E. Stevenson of the United States, who noted that this was the 100th veto. (1:2)

An audience of wildly cheering Republicans heard Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower unleash one of his sharpest attacks on the Kennedy Administration. The former President told a party fund-raising dinner in Washington that the present Administration was "floundering, thrashing aimlessly and a bit desperately" while confidence was weakening at home and abroad. He accused the Administration of being "driven" to alienate the business community and of wielding "a Federal club of reprisal over the heads of all citizens." (1:8; pg. 8)

To fill the gap left by the defeat of the farm bill, the Administration rushed to the House a compromise extension of emergency farm legislation. Although the Administration was shaken by the defeat, it renewed efforts to salvage part of the bill. (1:6)

The nation's railroads broke off negotiations with the five operating rail brotherhoods, charging the unions with "delaying tactics." The rupture raised the possibility of a nation-wide rail strike, but probably not until October at the earliest. (1:4)

President Kennedy spurs Negro job rights. (pg. 1)

June 24, 1962

Nineteen Laotians, some in ancient court costumes and some in modern business suits, knelt before King Savang Vatthana in Vientiane yesterday to be sprinkled with holy water by Buddhist monks. The ceremony made formal the installation of the long sought coalition Government in an effort to restore peace and neutrality in the divided Laotian kingdom. The Ministers include four Right-wing leaders, eleven neutralists, some of whom lean far to the Left - and four pro-Communists. The new Premier, Prince Souvanna Phouma, announced that the country would no longer recognize the protection of SEATO. (pg. 1:1)

Communist China opened political and diplomatic campaigns to support its military build-up near the Nationalist-held offshore islands of Quemoy and Matsu. The Peiping Government urged nation-wide vigilance against what it said was a planned United States-sponsored invasion by Nationalist forces from Taiwan. (1:2)

Prime Minister Nehru charged that United States and British support of a United Nations resolution to bring India and Pakistan together for negotiations over Kashmir had cast "doubt" on their goodwill toward India. The Indian leader said that both Western powers "invariably stood against" India on matters such as Goa and Kashmir that "vitally and passionately concern us." (1:2-3)

Secretary of State Rusk flew to Rome for talks with Government leaders on President Kennedy's trade proposals, the European Common Market and East-West relations. A United States official said that agreement was reached on basic objectives. (7:1)

Secretary of Defense McNamara disclosed that United States and British nuclear forces had coordinated plans for striking at any enemy targets in the event of war. (5:2-3)

The flight engineers union defied a new appeal by President Kennedy to return to work in the interest of the public. In a second stern statement to the union in ten days, the President said that persisting in the walkout would be "the height of irresponsibility." (1:6-7)

When the strike began at 2 P.M. more than 300 passengers were stranded in planes waiting to take off. (58:3)

The Kennedy Administration, which has been denounced as antibusiness, is also facing growing criticism that its antitrust program is too timid and unimaginative. Justice Department officials concede that they have pressed only a few cases for a number of reasons. One, they say, is the uncertain outlook for the economy and the anxieties of the business community. (38:4)

The Senate passed and sent to the House a stop-gap bill to provide funds for agencies running out of money. Passage followed a warning by Mike Mansfield, the majority leader, that the battle between the two chambers over prestige in money matters might put Congress in disrepute. (1:5)

Presidential board to study military bias. (pg. 42)

June 25, 1962

Prime Minister Diefenbaker announced to Canadians last night that their Government had been forced to arrange for more than $1,000,000,000 in loans and credits to bolster Canada's sagging dollar. In an effort to redress an imbalance in foreign trade, he announced the imposition of an import surcharge of from 5 to 15 per cent, on non-essential and luxury imports and a cut in the duty-free allowances for tourists abroad. (pg. 1:8)

After talks with Government leaders in Paris, Berlin, Bonn and Rome, Secretary of State Rusk arrived in London for a private discussion with Prime Minister Macmillan. The main subject was development of a multilateral nuclear force for Europe once Britain joins the Common Market. (1:6-7)

The Peace Corps, after a year in the field, plans to send overseas this week its 1,000th newly trained volunteer. Sargent Shriver, the corps director, predicts that the current total of more than 2,000 volunteers in training or overseas will rise to 5,000 by the end of 1962 to meet the mounting requests from the aided countries. (1:3-6)

Administration forces expressed cautious confidence that President Kennedy's trade bill would get through the House unscathed this week. The measure, which would give the President broad power to reduce or eliminate tariffs, is the first priority item on his legislative list. (1:4)

June 26, 1962

As a result of Secretary of State Rusk's European visit, London sources said yesterday that a new East-West foreign ministers conference on Berlin may be on the diplomatic horizon. The talks could be held in Geneva when the ministers meet to sign the agreement on the future of Laos. (pg. 1:1)

In notes to Moscow, the Western Big Three suggested a four-power meeting in Berlin to try to halt violence along the Communist-built wall there. (3:1; pg. 3)

Meanwhile, Premier Khrushchev ended his Rumanian tour and a joint communiqué demanded the withdrawal of the West's Berlin garrisons. (1:2-3)

The Supreme Court held that the reading of an official prayer in New York State's public schools was unconstitutional. (1:8; pg. 16)

Government agents subpoenaed telephone records and expense accounts of executives in four major steel companies to see whether there was any evidence of a price-fixing conspiracy in the industry. (1:6)

The Senate voted to end surface travel taxes and to halve airline ticket levies to 5 per cent on Oct. 1, but to keep other excise taxes yielding $4,000,000,000 a year. (1:4)

The Defense Department has received permission to conduct at least two small atmospheric nuclear tests over Nevada within the next month. Negligible fall-out is expected. (1:2)

Congress fails to vote U.S. fair exhibit funds. (pg. 15)

June 27, 1962

The problem of renewing United States air base rights in the Azores will be on Secretary of State Rusk's agenda when he goes to Portugal today to try to improve strained relations. (6:1)

Washington has told Communist China that it will not support any Chinese Nationalist attempt to invade the mainland. But the United States also reminded Peiping of its treaty pledge to defend the Nationalists against any attack on Taiwan and the Penghu Islands. (1:2-3)

President Kennedy was reversed a decision by his aides that would have let South Vietnam spend about $22,000,000 in aid funds on non-American products. (1-2)

Senate Democrats offered a series of possible compromises on the Administration's old age medical care program in a new bid to win over liberal Republican Senators. But the action seemed unlikely to affect the bill's prospects in the House, which remain dim. (21:3)

The Republicans, meanwhile, were taking another look at President Kennedy and deciding that he was not quite ten feet tall. In the belief that he was in political trouble, G.O.P. lawmakers were growing confident about the party's chances in the fall elections. (15:3)

Republican Senators remained stymied, however, in the demand to look at a secret foreign policy planning paper, which allegedly develops a theory that Moscow is "mellowing." To make up for withholding the document, the Administration gave key Senators an intense foreign policy briefing. The Democrats were cheered by it, but the Republicans said they would be back. (1:5-7)

Senate and House conferees agreed on a one-year extension of current excise and corporate income taxes with a cut in air travel taxes and elimination of surface transportation levies on Nov. 15. (13:3)

June 28, 1962

At his news conference yesterday, President Kennedy said that the United States would not remain idle if Communist China attacked Quemoy and Matsu but added that the actual response would depend on the nature of the challenge. He also emphasized that the U. S. commitment was entirely defensive. He did express concern over build-up of Communist coastal forces and noted that the purposes of the build-up was still not clear. (pg. 1:8; pg. 12)

Although indicating that the reduction of U. S. troops in Europe would not take place in the "foreseeable future." President Kennedy said it was the Government's strong desire to reduce sizeable troop commitments in Europe. He said it was too much to maintain an over-all nuclear deterrent and large European ground forces. (1:7)

President Kennedy indicated at his news conference that he is looking to the future for the full realization of his new frontier program. At the same time, he renewed pressure on the present Congress and its powerful Republican minority for the passage now of such pending measures as his trade and tax bills and medical care for the aged. (1:2-3)

The Administration's foreign trade bill gained new headway with President Kennedy and former President Eisenhower actively seeking a bipartisan majority in the House. In an opening statement at his news conference, President Kennedy urged members of both parties to support the bill "in the national interest." (1:1)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration announced that the next man-in-space flight would be a six-orbit journey around the world with Navy Comdr. Walter M. Schirra, Jr. as the pilot. The nine-hour flight is scheduled for September. (1:8)

President Kennedy was seeking to calm the storm of agitation over the Supreme Court's decision banning official prayers in New York's public schools. The President, at his news conference, pointed out that the decision left the individual free to pray by himself in his home or church. (1:4)

June 29, 1962

Secretary of State Dean Rusk left Portugal for Washington after a "very friendly" two-hour talk with Premier Salazar. As he departed it was made known that the United States and Portugal had agreed to resume negotiation for an extension of American military base rights in the Azores. (3:2)

Sir Winston Churchill fell in his hotel room in Monte Carlo and broke his left thigh. (1:4-6)

The House passed the Foreign Trade bill by a heavily bipartisan vote of 298 to 125. The action was regarded as a major victory for the Kennedy Administration on the top item of its legislative program. Republican help was needed to beat a recommital motion to substitute a one-year extension of the expiring law, 253 to 171. (1:8)

The Senate blocked an economy drive by Republicans and passed legislation temporarily raising the national debt ceiling to a record of $308,000,000,000. Final action came on a vote of 55 to 34 after the Senate rejected a Republican move to cut the Administration's request by 2,000,000,000. (10:3)

Congress completed action on the first permanent legislation to admit refugees to this country without regard to immigration quotas. The bill, long stalled by a procedural tangle in the Senate, was passed and now requires only the President's signature. It would permit admission to this country of one-fifth of the refugees resettled in any one year by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (3:6)

Dr. Robert Soblen, who was due to surrender in New York yesterday to serve a life term for spying for the Soviet Union, was arrested by the Israeli police in a Tel Aviv hotel room.

Kennedy is flying to Mexico today. Page 2

Annis named president-elect to A. M A. Page 10

Kennedy affirms U. S. goals in the Mideast. Page 6

June 30, 1962

Arm in arm, President and Mrs. Kennedy walked down a ramp from their airplane yesterday to face a tumultuous welcome in Mexico City. It was "bienvenido" all the way as they began a two day state visit with President Adolfo Lopez Mateos. With 1,000,000 Mexicans cheering along the way, the Presidential car took one hour and eighteen minutes to travel nine and a half miles into town. The reception was perhaps the largest Mr. Kennedy has had anywhere. People perched on limbs and bus roofs to see him. His picture seemed to hang everywhere, a blizzard of colored paper poured down on him and locomotive whistles were tied down to make an ear-splitting din. (1:8)

In Jerusalem, the Israeli Government was said to be determined to deport Dr. Robert Soblen, the fatally ill Soviet spy who jumped bail, to the United States as quickly as possible. (1:5)

Washington understood that Israel was wholly sympathetic to its request for Soblen's return. (8:2)

And the F. B. I. was gathering evidence concerning possible accomplices in Soblen's flight. (8:6)

Both the Chamber of Commerce and organized labor were taking bows for having helped the Kennedy Administration get its foreign trade bill through the House. More important, however, was the fact that the American Cotton Manufacturers Institute and the American Petroleum Institute - both new recruits to the liberal trade cause - had lobbied for the bill. (4:4)

The nation's railroads told the National Mediation Board that they were willing to submit to binding arbitration their dispute with the operating unions over work rules. But the unions are expected to refuse. (1:2)

A bipartisan compromise on old-age medical care reached the Senate floor. Senate leaders predicted that the bill, which retains the Social Security financing feature, would be passed. But House approval was considered doubtful. (1:3)