JFKWHP-AR6384-A: President Kennedy Meets with National Education Association and American Association of School Administrators, 28 February 1961

Southern Assembly opposes U.S. aid to colleges. (pg.17) – January 23, 1961

Powell demands anit-bias action. Representative Adam Clayton Powell Jr. demanded last night that his long-pending proposal to bar Federal funds to schools discriminating against Negroes be adopted now either through legislation of "Executive order of the White House." (1) – January 30, 1961

Three states maintain full school segregation (20) – February 4, 1961

The Administration took its first legal action over segregation, as the Justice Department sued to free $350,000 in Federal aid that Louisiana has withhold from New Orleans schools. (1:2-3) – February 17, 1961

In advance of the President’s education message to Congress Monday, it was reported that he would not recommend Federal grants for constructing college classrooms. His decision, greeted by educators with gloom, was traced to a campaign promise not to use Federal funds for support of parochial and private schools. (8:6-7) – February 18, 1961

A massive multi-billion-dollar program of Federal aid to education was proposed by President Kennedy in a message to Congress. The aid, which would benefit schools from the elementary level through college, would range over a five-year period. Included in the plan are grants to states for public elementary and secondary schools; college scholarships and aid to college construction. (1:1; Test, Page 22) – February 21, 1961

In a message to the Civil Rights Commission conference in Williamsburg, the President singled out the "quiet intelligence and true courage" of teachers and school officials in the New Orleans school desegregation fight. (1:1, Text, 43) – February 26, 1961

Mr. Kennedy was reported to have decided to risk a Congressional furor by pressing for sharp reductions in the $250,000,000-a-year program of aid to school districts with special financial problems. He is said to want to cut the main part of the program in half now and make further reductions over a three-year period. (1:1) – February 26, 1961

The White House sent detailed legislation to Congress to carry out a portion of the President’s education program--a $2,300,000,000, three-year aid program for primary and secondary schools. (23:3) – February 28, 1961

The hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church in this country has decided to oppose any school-aid legislation that fails to help children attending parochial schools. (1:4) – March 3, 1961

The President cautioned Congress against risking defeat of his education program by inserting loans for parochial and private schools. Grants to private schools were clearly unconstitutional and said he felt that "across-the-board" loans fell in the same category. (1:8) – March 9, 1961

In an effort to save the Kennedy school-aid program, key Congressional Democrats suggested that the program might be insulated from the church-state issue by bringing a separate loan bill before Congress. (1:7) – March 10, 1961

Louisiana’s various efforts to block the desegregation of schools in New Orleans were held unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. (1:4) – March 21, 1961

The National Catholic Education Association received a message from President Kennedy hailing "the extremely important" contribution of religious-supported private education to the nation. This came amid indications that the church hierarchy might threaten passage of his aid-to-education bill by pressing for outright grants to private schools. (10:5) – April 8, 1961

On the President’s controversial aid-to-education program, the Welfare Department study shows that 132 Congressmen who voted against last year’s bill represent so-called impacted areas that received nearly $109,400,000 in special Federal help. (1:7) – April 14, 1961

The President’s efforts to encourage the education of Africans bore fruit. A major scholarship program that will provide educations for African students at top 150 American colleges was announced. (1:7) – May 29, 1961

The President has personally intervened in an effort to salvage at least part of his school-aid program. Mr. Kennedy and his Congressional lieutenants are working to combine some relatively non-controversial feature in a new bill. (19:3) – July 22, 1961

President Kennedy’s aid-to-education program at this Congressional session has collapsed. Democratic leaders have decided instead to steer through a straight one-year extension of an expiring $300,000,000 program of Federal grants to schools in certain areas. (1:2-3) – August 11, 1961

Atlanta officials took final steps to insure that the beginning of public school desegregation in Georgia would be peaceful today. Nine Negroes will be admitted to four previously all-white high schools. The preparations were the most extensive any Southern city has made. (21:2) – August 30, 1961

In Atlanta, public school desegregation came peacefully to Georgia despite efforts by a few racists to disrupt the change. (1:3) – August 31, 1961

The House approved the continuation without change of two expiring educational programs. The $9,000,000,000 extension bill was passed by a vote of 378 to 32 after a brief debate devoted largely to recriminations over the defeat of President Kenney’s broad aid-to-education program. (30:4) – September 7, 1961

Georgia’s first voluntary college desegregation began in Atlanta when three Negro students started the school year at Georgia Tech under heavy police guard. There were no disturbances. The school’s action was generally viewed as a move toward off a Federal decree that would regulate the administration’s racial policies. (21:2) – September 19, 1961

President Kennedy reluctantly signed a two-year $900,000,000 bill on school aid that provided only a small part of what he had sought. (1:7) – October 4, 1961

A State Department report to President Kennedy said that African students in United States colleges were in "urgent" need of at least $500,000 assistance. The report declared that the new budget was inadequate to meet the problem, but that even if the Government funds were available, the money should be raised by private foundations and corporations. (45:1) – October 29, 1961

The Federal Communications Commission played an extraordinary role in the lengthy maneuvers that ended last week by bringing an educational television channel to the New York area. It is understood that the plan could never have succeeded without the F.C.C.’s behind-the-scenes activities, which have aroused some controversy. (1:1-2) – December 11, 1961

The Administration’s position on the constitutionality of Federal aid to church-related schools was challenged in an eighty-two-page statement by lawyers for the Roman Catholic Church. They contended that the Constitution permits aid on a much broader scale than the Administration has been willing to concede. (1:2; Excerpts, 33) – December 15, 1961