Hemingway's Wives (and Fiancée)
Dr. Hilary Justice (JFK Library). Updated 10/2023.
Hemingway’s first love was Red Cross nurse Agnes von Kurowsky (1892-1984), whom he met while being treated for war wounds in Milan, 1918.
Elizabeth Hadley Richardson (later: Mowrer) (1891-1979) was Ernest Hemingway's first wife and the mother of their son, John (Bumby; later: Jack).
Fashion journalist Pauline Marie Pfeiffer (1895-1951) was Hemingway's second wife. Ernest and Pauline had two children, Patrick and Gregory (later: Gloria).
Ernest Hemingway met his third wife, writer and war correspondent Martha Gellhorn (1908-1998), in 1936. They married in 1940 and divorced in 1945.
War correspondent Mary Welsh (1908-1986) married Ernest Hemingway in 1946. As his widow, she was the initial custodian of his literary legacy.