National Security Action Memoranda (NSAMs)

Each of the 272 National Security Action Memoranda issued by John F. Kennedy or his National Security Adviser, McGeorge Bundy, is summarized here. We have linked to relevant digitized materials from the National Security Files (the primary foreign policy file maintained by John F. Kennedy’s National Security Adviser and National Security Council).

For more information please contact Have a research question? Ask an Archivist.

NSAM 1Separate Budgeting of Spending Abroad
NSAM 2Development of Counter Guerilla Forces
NSAM 3Bunkering of Free World Ships Under Communist Chinese Charter
NSAM 4Purchase of Uranium from Foreign Countries
NSAM 5Study of the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization
NSAM 6Plan of Reorganization of the Foreign Program
NSAM 7Re: Contracts to Small Business
NSAM 8Re: State of Union Commitment and Negotiations with Poland
NSAM 9Re: General Lansdale's Story of the Counter Guerilla Case
NSAM 10Policy for Cuba
NSAM 11Re: Information on the Progress of Negotiations with Germans on Increasing Their Part in Aid
NSAM 12Re: Forces in Vietnam
NSAM 13Re: Exchange of Persons Behind the Iron Curtain
NSAM 14Financial Assistance for Brazil
NSAM 15Legislation for Reallocation of Sugar Quotas
NSAM 16Economic Support for Newly Independent Areas
NSAM 17Various 2/13/61
NSAM 18Re: Reduction on the Amount a Tourist Can Bring into this Country Duty Free
NSAM 19Re: Cutting Importations from Cuba to the US
NSAM 20Re: Battle Act
NSAM 21Re: Foreign Aid Bill
NSAM 22Re: Fair Sharing in Foreign Aid and Military Partnership
NSAM 23Questions Arising from Senator Smathers' Recommendation that Remaining Exports from Cuba to the US be Embargoed
NSAM 24RB-47 Reconnaissance Flights
NSAM 25Re: Recommendation As to Whether or Not President Should Send Letter to Iraq Government
NSAM 26Re: Ambassador Timberlake's Notification to Turn Around Ships
NSAM 27Overseas PX and Commissary Service
NSAM 28Guerilla Operations in Vietnam Territory
NSAM 29Re: Meeting with the President on South East Asia (Withdrawal sheet only)
NSAM 30Agreement of Cooperation with Republic of Italy
NSAM 31Memo of Discussion on Cuba
NSAM 32US - USSR Commercial Air Transport Agreement
NSAM 33Review of US Policy toward South Africa
NSAM 34Memo on Moroccan Bases Dated 3/28/61 from Acting Secretary Bowles
NSAM 35Deployment of IRBM's to Turkey 4/16/61
NSAM 36Improving the Security of Nuclear Weapons In NATO
NSAM 37Saceur Procedures for Ordering use of Nuclear Weapons 4/16/61
NSAM 38Questions arising from CIA support of certain activities
NSAM 39Re-Examination of Present NATO Stockpile Procedures
NSAM 40Policy Directive Re NATO and the Atlantic Nations
NSAM 41Military Planning for a Possible Berlin Crisis
NSAM 42Assistance to Cuban Refugees
NSAM 43Training of Cuban Nationals
NSAM 44Caribbean Security Agency
NSAM 45Coverage of Castro Activities in the US
NSAM 46Attitude of Various Governments During the Cuban Crisis
NSAM 47Soviet Assistance to Cuba
NSAM 48"Level of US efforts Military, Foreign, Civil Defense, Paramilitary"
NSAM 49Possible Presidential Contingency Freedom Fund
NSAM 50Official Announcement of Launching into space systems involving nuclear power
NSAM 51Safety of Nuclear Weapons and Weapons Systems
NSAM 52Vietnam
NSAM 53Problems Related to Private International Broadcasting
NSAM 54Service of Cuban Volunteers in US Armed Forces
NSAM 55Relations of the JCS to the President in Cold War Operations
NSAM 56Evaluation of Paramilitary Requirements
NSAM 57Responsibility for Paramilitary Operations
NSAM 58Re: Berlin
NSAM 59Berlin
NSAM 60US Actions in Relation to Portuguese Territories in Africa
NSAM 61"An Effective Counter Theme to 'Peaceful Coexistence'"
NSAM 62Berlin
NSAM 63Policy Guidelines and Preemption of US Government Controlled Broadcasting 7/24/61
NSAM 64"Memo for the Secretary of State from the President re: Need for Improving our Machinery for World-Wide Consultation, as hinted in the last letter from De Gaulle"
NSAM 65Joint Program of Action with the Government of Viet Nam
NSAM 66Re: Guidance and Welfare of Foreign Students in this Country
NSAM 67Iran
NSAM 68Task Force on Ryukus 8/11/61
NSAM 69Intelligence Aspects of Nuclear Testing 8/15/61
NSAM 70Requesting Report on Commitments from our NATO to Increase Their Forces
NSAM 71Cyprus
NSAM 72Civil Defense Progress
NSAM 73Saudi Arabian Arms Request
NSAM 74Selection of Polish Exchange Students
NSAM 75Polish Government Taxes on Relief Packages
NSAM 76UK Membership in Common Market
NSAM 77Use of American Made Arms in Angola
NSAM 78Berlin
NSAM 79Economic Negotiations with Poland
NSAM 80Meeting on Southeast Asia
NSAM 81US Gold Positions
NSAM 82Allied Military Buildup
NSAM 83New Embassy Building in Dublin
NSAM 84Specific State Visits
NSAM 85State Visits
NSAM 86Command and Control Task Force
NSAM 87Memorandum of Decisions (re Testing)
NSAM 88Training for Latin American Armed Force
NSAM 89Soviet Training of Ghanaian Troops
NSAM 90Release of Melekh
NSAM 91Expediting Publications in Foreign Relations
NSAM 92Increase of Forces in Europe
NSAM 93Berlin Build-up
NSAM 94Steinstueken and Friedrichstrasse Crossing Point
NSAM 95Renegotiation of Panama Canal Treaty
NSAM 96Volta Project-Ghana
NSAM 97Use of US Fighter Aircraft in the Congo
NSAM 98Ref: NSAM 71 - Cyprus
NSAM 99Military Exercise
NSAM 100Contingency Planning for Cuba
NSAM 101"Follow-up on the President's Speech to the United Nations General Assembly on September 26, 1961"
NSAM 102U.S. Policy Concerning Bases in Morocco
NSAM 103Deployment of U.S. Military Forces
NSAM 104Southeast Asia
NSAM 105Policy Toward Egypt and Syria
NSAM 106Request for Report on Proposal to Establish a U.S. Police Academy
NSAM 107Friedrichstrasse Crossing Point
NSAM 108Barter Program for Congolese Industrial Diamonds
NSAM 109U.S. Policy on Military Actions in a Berlin Conflict
NSAM 110NSAM 56 - Evaluation of Paramilitary Requirements
NSAM 111First Phase of Viet-NAM Program
NSAM 112Atmospheric Testing Policy
NSAM 113Further Instructions - Atmospheric Testing Policy
NSAM 114"Training for Friendly Police and Armed Forces in Counter-Insurgency, Counter-Subversion, Riot Control and Related Matters"
NSAM 115Defoliant Operations in Viet-NAM
NSAM 116Instructions from President as a result of Nov. 30 meeting re atmospheric testing
NSAM 117Contingency Planning on Berlin
NSAM 118Participation of US and Latin American Armed Forced in the Attainment of Common Objectives in Latin America
NSAM 119Civic Action
NSAM 120Intelligence on Operations in the Congo
NSAM 121Program to Aid Moroccan Air Force
NSAM 122"re: Norstad's response to President's request for his views on command and control procedures, etc."
NSAM 123Policy Toward Yugoslavia
NSAM 124Establishment of the Special Group (Counter-Insurgency)
NSAM 125Pakistan Consortium
NSAM 126Review of Principles and Policies Guiding the Stockpiling of Strategic Materials
NSAM 127Emergency Planning for Continuity of Government
NSAM 128Responses to Soviet Action Regarding Air Corridors
NSAM 129U.S. - U.S.S.R. Cooperation in the Exploration of Space
NSAM 130Terms of AID Development Loans
NSAM 131Training Objectives for Counter Insurgency
NSAM 132Support of Local Police Forces for Internal Security & Counter-Insurgency Purposes
NSAM 133Ryukyus Action Program
NSAM 134Report on Internal Security Situation in South America
NSAM 135British Guiana
NSAM 136U.S. Internal Security Programs
NSAM 137Restrictions on East German Athletes
NSAM 138Dean Ryerson's Recommendations re the South Pacific Comm
NSAM 139Military Aid Program for Greece
NSAM 140Participation of US and Latin American Armed Forces in Attainment of Common Objectives in Latin America
NSAM 141Analysis of Frondizi's Political Reserves
NSAM 142Re: Stockpile Committee Report
NSAM 143Nuclear Weapons for NATO Forces
NSAM 144Assignment of Highest National Priority to the APOLLO Manned Lunar Landing Program
NSAM 145New Policy for the US trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
NSAM 146Improvement of Police Training and Equipment in Newly Emerging Countries
NSAM 147NATO Nuclear Program
NSAM 148Guidance of US Nuclear Assistance to France
NSAM 149Withdrawal of Certain Military Units from Forward Position in Laos
NSAM 150Using US Military Engineers as Contracting Agents on AID Projects
NSAM 151Re: Impasse between Japan & South Korea over issues long discussed
NSAM 152Panama Canal Policy & Relations w/ Panama
NSAM 153Policy Statement on Dominican Republic
NSAM 154US NATO Alert Procedures
NSAM 155Emergency Medical Program for Vietnam
NSAM 156Re: Negotiations on disarmament and peaceful uses of outer space
NSAM 157"Presidential Meeting on Laos, May 24, 1962"
NSAM 158Contingency Plans for Berlin
NSAM 159Methods for Improving the Coordination of Economic and Military Aid Programs
NSAM 160Permissive Links for Nuclear Weapons in NATO
NSAM 161U.S. Internal Security Programs
NSAM 162Development of U.S. and Indigenous Police. Paramilitary and Military Resources
NSAM 163Training Objectives for Counterinsurgency
NSAM 164Re: Panama
NSAM 165Assignment of Additional Responsibility to the Special Group
NSAM 166Report on Emergency Plans and continuity of the Government
NSAM 167Harassment of Autobahn Convoys
NSAM 168Comparison of US and USSR Atomic Energy
NSAM 169Maintaining Momentum of Makarios Visit
NSAM 170Intelligence Collection through Audio Surveillance
NSAM 171Dept. of Defense Actions to Reduce Its Overseas Expenditures
NSAM 172Bilateral Talks Concerning US-USSR Cooperation in Outer Space Activities
NSAM 173Interdepartmental Field Visits
NSAM 174Re: Ability to detect small underground shots
NSAM 175DOD - State Concept for Communication between National Leaders
NSAM 176Release of Public Information Concerning Soviet Nuclear Tests
NSAM 177Police Assistance Programs
NSAM 178Destruction of Mangrove Swamps in South Vietnam
NSAM 179U.S. Policy Toward Indonesia
NSAM 180Membership of the Special Group
NSAM 181Cuba
NSAM 182Counterinsurgency Doctrine
NSAM 183Space Program for the United States
NSAM 184Countries under the Cognizance of the Special Group
NSAM 185Approval of Additional Nuclear Tests
NSAM 186Countries under the Cognizance of the Special Group
NSAM 187The Barter Program
NSAM 188Limited Benefits of Bases in Japan
NSAM 189Presidential Meeting on Laos
NSAM 190Approval of STORAX II
NSAM 191Assignment of Highest National Priority to Project DEFENDER
NSAM 192"Re: ""A Separate Arms Control Measure for Outer Space"""
NSAM 193Re: Foreign Weapons Evaluation Group
NSAM 194Policy Toward Non-Bloc Ships in Cuban Trade (State Memo of 10/2/62)
NSAM 195U.S. Policy Toward Indonesia
NSAM 196Establishment of an Executive Committee of the National Security Council
NSAM 197Improved Procedure -- Communication to Other Countries of RD on Nuclear Weapons -- Approved Determinations
NSAM 198Presidential Authorization for KINGFISH
NSAM 199Loading of SACEUR Land-Based Alert Strike Aircraft
NSAM 200Acceleration of Civil Defense Activities
NSAM 201Establishment of Subcommittees on Communications
NSAM 202AEC Procurement Policy for Domestic Uranium through 1962
NSAM 203Responsibility for Port Security
NSAM 204Special Group (Counter Insurgency)
NSAM 205Nuclear Testing
NSAM 206Military Assistance for internal Security in Latin America
NSAM 207Assignment of Highest National Priority to Project CENTAUR
NSAM 208Cuban Overflights
NSAM 209Actions on South Asia
NSAM 210Underground Nuclear Tests
NSAM 211U.S. Policy Toward Algeria
NSAM 212U.S. Policy Toward Yugoslavia
NSAM 213Interdepartmental Organization for Cuban Affairs
NSAM 214Participation of U.S. and Latin American Armed Forces in the Attainment of Common Objectives in L.A.
NSAM 215Inclusion of Tactical Weapons in the Para 6 Force
NSAM 216Study of Disclosure to Russians of U.S. Satellite Reconnaissance Capability
NSAM 217Official Visits to South Vietnam
NSAM 218Implementation of the Nassau Agreements
NSAM 219Requesting continuing effort to assemble information on France-Soviet discussions and negotiations
NSAM 220U.S. Government Shipments by Foreign Flag Vessels in the Cuban Trade
NSAM 221U.S. Policy Toward Algeria
NSAM 222Security Aspects of Using Submarines in a Multilateral Force
NSAM 223Appraisal of Sino-Indian Situation
NSAM 224Coordination of U.S. Efforts Under the Trade Relations Act
NSAM 225Re: Balance of Payments
NSAM 226Directive Relating to Transmittal of Information to the Watch Committee of the USIB
NSAM 227"Decisions Taken at President's Meeting on Yemen Crisis, 25 February 1963"
NSAM 228Review of Iranian Situation
NSAM 229Pacific Trust Territories
NSAM 230Assignment of Highest National Priority to Project PAL (Permissive Link for Nuclear Weapons in NATO)
NSAM 231Middle Eastern Nuclear Capabilities
NSAM 232Follow-up on King Hassan's Visit
NSAM 233MLF and IANF Developments
NSAM 234Canada Government
NSAM 235Large-Scale Scientific or Technological Experiments with Possible Adverse Environmental Effects
NSAM 236Sales of Military Spare parts to Yugoslavia
NSAM 237Project MERCURY Manned Space Flight (MA-9)
NSAM 238Atmospheric Testing 1964
NSAM 239U.S. Disarmament Proposal
NSAM 240MLF (Multilateral Force)
NSAM 241Report on French Gaseous Diffusion Plant
NSAM 242Australian Procurement of French Mirage Aircraft and Possible future military purchases by Australia from the US
NSAM 243Survey Mission for the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
NSAM 244The Future of the World Sugar Market
NSAM 245High Yield Nuclear Weapons
NSAM 246Future Policy Toward Haiti
NSAM 247U.S. Policy Toward Spain
NSAM 248Dispersal Plan for NORAD Aid Defense Squadrons
NSAM 249Laos Planning
NSAM 250Contingency Plan for Dealing with Possible Low-Yield Soviet Atmospheric Tests
NSAM 251Estimate of Greek Political Outlook
NSAM 252Establishment of the National Communications System
NSAM 253Multilateral Force
NSAM 254Re: Test Ban Agreement
NSAM 255Instructions Governing in Use of the Direct Communications Link Between Washington and Moscow
NSAM 256Laos planning
NSAM 257Aide Memoire for Greece
NSAM 258Assignment of Highest National Priority to Program 437
NSAM 259Aid Program for Laos
NSAM 260"Restudy of the International Passamaquoddy Tidal Power Project and the Hydroelectric Potential of the Saint John River, Maine"
NSAM 261Assignment of Highest National Priority to Project FOUR LEAVES
NSAM 262Yemen Disentanglement
NSAM 263South Vietnam
NSAM 264Multilateral Force
NSAM 265Treatment of Soviet Bloc Fishing Vessels
NSAM 266New Action Program for Cyprus
NSAM 267Disaster Assistance for Skopje
NSAM 268Report of the Survey Mission to the Trust Territories of the Pacific
NSAM 269Procedures for Approval of Certain Nuclear Tests
NSAM 270"Meeting with the President, 10/24/63, 10:30 a.m. re European Matters"
NSAM 271Cooperation with the USSR on Outer Space Matters
NSAM 272Safety Rules for Nuclear Weapons Systems